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Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu
DWARAM.JPG
Background information
Born(1893-11-08)8 November 1893
Bangalore, India
OriginAndhra Pradesh, India
Died25 November 1964 (aged 71)
GenresIndian Classical Music
Occupation(s)Violinist
Instrument(s)Violin

Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu (8 November 1893 – 25 November 1964) was one of the most important carnatic music violinists of the 20th century. Naidu was partially blind. He played at the National Physical Laboratory auditorium, New Delhi in 1952, to raise funds for the Blind Relief Association and he is the relative of famous kuchipudi dancer Padma sri Dr Shoba Naidu.

Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu statue at RK Beach
Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu statue at RK Beach

Early life

Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu was born on 8 November 1893, which happened to be Deepavali day, in Bangalore, India and was raised in Visakhapatnam. His grandfather and father were both military men who played the violin as a hobby.[1] He was appointed Professor of violin in the Maharaja's Music College in Vijayanagaram, at the young age of 26, and became its principal in 1936.

Performing career

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His first solo concert was given in Vellore in 1938. He was known for his extremely well developed soft bowing technique combined with a firm fingering technique. He wrote several articles on music, like an essay on the "Peculiar characteristics of the tambura". He cautioned his disciples against missing practice even for a day. “If you don’t practice for one day, you will notice your mistakes, if you don’t practice for two days the audience would notice your mistakes!!”. He often used to say, "Music is an audible tapas."

The four most prominent Carnatic violin players in the first half of 20-th C were : Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu, Kumbakonam Rajamanickam Pillai, T. Chowdiah, and Papa Venkataramaiah. All of them were awarded the prestigious Sangeetha Kalanidhi title.

Yehudi Menuhin, a world-renowned violinist, was greatly impressed when he heard Dwaram play at Justice P. V. Rajamannar's house. The famous playback singer Ghantasala learned Carnatic music under Naidu. Kalaimamani SMT.Radhanarayanan is also a disciple of V.naidu. Shri Venkateshwaran, vocalist is a student of Radhanarayanan.

Awards and honours

Naidu on a 1993 stamp of India
Naidu on a 1993 stamp of India

The Sri Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu Memorial Trust was established in Chennai. Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu Kalakshetram was established in Visakhapatnam.

Statues of this notable musician have been erected in Visakhapatnam and Chennai, India.

Personal life

Family

References

  1. ^ Weidman, Amanda J (2006). Gone Native? Singing the Classical, Voicing the Modern. Duke University Press. p. 30. ISBN 978-8170463191.
  2. ^ Music Archived 16 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Final Awards.xls Archived 22 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ https://www.rasikas.org/forums/viewtopic.php?t=10968
  5. ^ Bhavanarayana Rao and Daram satyanarayana and Dwaram srinivasa rao and two daughters the great violinist Dwaram mangathayaru and Dwaram shamala Dwaram, Luminaries of 20th Century, Part I, Potti Sriramulu Telugu University, Hyderabad, 2005, pp: 401–2.
  6. ^ Personality Profile – Mr. Dwaram A. V. Swamy (Dwaram Anantha Venkata Swamy) Archived 28 September 2018 at the Wayback Machine. Vizagcityonline.com. Retrieved on 2 December 2018.
  7. ^ Arts / Music : Sharp manodharma. The Hindu (20 August 2010). Retrieved on 2018-12-02.
  8. ^ "High Court of Meghalaya". Archived from the original on 9 June 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2013.