Ustad Rashid Khan
Ustad rashid kan bharat bhavan bhopal (4).JPG
Khan performing at Bharat Bhavan in Bhopal
Born (1968-07-01) 1 July 1968 (age 54)[1]
OccupationClassical vocalist
Years active1977–present
AwardsPadma Bhushan (2022)
Padma Shri (2006)
Musical career
GenresHindustani classical music

Ustad Rashid Khan (born 1 July 1968)[1] is an Indian classical musician in the Hindustani music tradition. He belongs to the Rampur-Sahaswan gharana, and is the great-grandson of gharana founder Inayat Hussain Khan. He is married to Soma Khan.

In a story told in several versions, Pandit Bhimsen Joshi once remarked that Rashid Khan was the "assurance for the future of Indian vocal music".[2][3] He was awarded the Padma Shri, as well as the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 2006. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian award, in 2022 by the Indian Government in the field of Art.[4]

Early life

Born in Sahaswan, Badayun, Uttar Pradesh. He received his initial training from his maternal grand-uncle, Ustad Nissar Hussain Khan (1909–1993). He is also the nephew of Ustad Ghulam Mustafa Khan.

As a child he had little interest in music. His uncle Ghulam Mustafa Khan was among the first to note his musical talents, and for some time trained him in Mumbai.[5] However, he received his main training from Nissar Hussain Khan, initially at his house in Badayun. A strict disciplinarian, Nissar Hussain Khan would insist on voice training (Swar Sadhana) from four in the morning, and make Rashid practice one note of the scale for hours on end.[6][7] A whole day would be spent on practising just a single note. Although Rashid detested these lessons as a child, but the disciplined training shows in his easy mastery of taan and layakaari today. It was not until he was 18 that Rashid began to truly enjoy his musical training.[6]

Career

Rashid Khan gave his first concert at age eleven, and the following year, 1978, he performed at an ITC concert in Delhi. In April 1980, when Nissar Hussain Khan moved to the ITC Sangeet Research Academy (SRA), Calcutta, Rashid Khan also joined the academy at the age of 14.[2] By 1994, he was acknowledged as a musician (a formal process) at the academy.

Musical style

The Rampur-Sahaswan gayaki (style of singing) is closely related to the Gwalior gharana, which features medium-slow tempos, a full-throated voice and intricate rhythmic play. Rashid Khan includes the slow elaboration in his vilambit khayals in the manner of his maternal grand-uncle and also developed exceptional expertise in the use of sargams and sargam taankari (play on the scale). He is influenced with the style of Amir Khan and Bhimsen Joshi.

He is also a master of the tarana like his guru but sings them in his own manner, preferring the khayal style rather than the instrumental stroke-based style for which Nissar Hussain was famous. There is no imitation of instrumental tone.

His renderings stand out for the emotional overtones in his melodic elaboration. He says: "The emotional content may be in the alaap, sometimes while singing the bandish, or while giving expression to the meaning of the lyrics."[6] This brings a touch of modernity to his style, as compared to the older maestros, who tended to place greater emphasis on impressive technique and skilful execution of difficult passages.[citation needed]

Rashid Khan has also experimented with fusing pure Hindustani music with lighter musical genres, e.g. in the Sufi fusion recording Naina Piya Se (songs of Amir Khusro), or in experimental concerts with western instrumentalist Louis Banks.[6] He has also performed jugalbandis, along with sitarist Shahid Parvez and others.[citation needed]

Film discography

Year Song Film Music Director Notes
2019 "Barsat Sawan" Mitin Mashi (Bengali Film) Pt Bickram Ghosh BARSAT SAWAN Full song link on YouTube
2018 "Bol Ke Lab Azad Hain" Manto Sneha Khanwalkar
2018 "Assalatul" Ishqeria Himself As composer
"Assalatul (Unplugged)"
"Milon Ke Fasle"
"Milon Ke Fasle (Unplugged)"
2018 "Ae Ri Mai Re" Dassehra Vijay Verma
2017 "Sakhi Ri" Vodka Diaries Sandesh Shandilya
2015 "Bhara Badara" Kadambari Bickram Ghosh
2014 "Kabhi Ayien Pe" Hate Story 2 Himself Sung by KK
2013 "Jheeni Re Jheeni" Issaq Sachin–Jigar
2012 "Sajna" Bapi Bari Ja (Bengali) Jeet Ganguly
2012 "Dewaana Kar Rha Hai Raaz 3 Himself Sung by Javed Ali
2012 "Aiyo Piyaji" Chakravyuh Shantanu Moitra
2011 "Poore se zara sa" Mausam Pritam Chakraborty
2010 "Allah Hi Rahem" My Name is Khan Shankar Ehsaan Loy
2009 "Bhor Bhayo" Morning Walk Jeet Ganguly
"Manwa"
2007 "Aaoge Jab Tum Saajna" Jab We Met Sandesh Shandilya
2004 "Kahe Ujadi Mori Neend" Kisna: The Warrior Poet Ismail Darbar
2004 "Tore Bina Mohe Chain Nahi" Kisna: The Warrior Poet Ismail Darbar

Non-film discography

Awards

References

  1. ^ a b c "Biographical Background". Ustad Rashid Khan. 2001. Archived from the original on 28 January 2021. Retrieved 26 August 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Padmashree Rashid Khan". ITC SRA. Retrieved 9 May 2007.The SRA site gives the Bhimsen Joshi accolade as: "One of the most notable torchbearers of the Hindustani classical tradition in the twenty first century"
  3. ^ Music Label fusion3.com
  4. ^ "Padma Awards 2022: Complete list of recipients". mint. 26 January 2022. Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Rashid Khan Biography: Background". Retrieved 9 May 2007.This page is official Rashid Khan website l ustadrashidkhan.com
  6. ^ a b c d G. Jayakumar (22 September 2006). "An offering to the Almighty". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 1 October 2007. Retrieved 9 May 2007.
  7. ^ "Artist of the month: Rashid Khan". ITC Sangeet Research Academy. 1 September 2002. Retrieved 8 May 2007.
  8. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  9. ^ Parande, Shweta (28 February 2014). "Mirchi Music Awards 2014 winners: Shahrukh Khan, Farhan Akhtar honoured; Aashiqui 2 wins 7 trophies". India.com. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Padma Awards 2022: Complete list of recipients". mint. 26 January 2022. Retrieved 26 January 2022.