Kunhiraman Palat Candeth
|Military Governor of Goa, Daman and Diu|
19 December 1961 – 6 June 1962
|Preceded by||Post Established|
|Succeeded by||T. Sivasankar (as Lieutenant Governor of Goa, Daman and Diu)|
|Born||23 September 1916|
Ottapalam, Malabar district, India. (Presently in Palakkad, Kerala)
|Died||19 May 2003|
|Political party||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Relations||Sir C. Sankaran Nair (Maternal Grandfather) |
Vengayil Kunhiraman Nayanar (Paternal Grandfather)
|Allegiance|| British India|
|Branch/service|| British Indian Army|
|Years of service||1934–1973|
|Unit||Royal Indian Artillery|
8 Mountain Division
17 Infantry Division
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Indo-Pakistan War of 1947
Indo-Pakistan War of 1965
Indo-Pakistan War of 1971
Lieutenant General Kunhiraman Palat Candeth, PVSM (Hindi: कुँहिरामन पलट कंडेथ; 23 October 1916 – 19 May 2003) was a senior army officer in the Indian Army who played a commanding role in Liberation of Goa from Portuguese control in 1961, and briefly tenured as the Military Governor of Goa, Daman and Diu.
He later served as the Deputy Chief of Army Staff based on GHQ in New Delhi at the midst of the second war in 1965, and later effectively commanded the Western Command during the third war with Pakistan in 1971.
He was born in Ottapalam, Malabar District (now Kerala) in British India (now India) to MA Candeth, being the grandson of the landlord and writer Vengayil Kunhiraman Nayanar. His maternal grandfather was Sir C. Sankaran Nair, who was the President of the Indian National Congress.
Commissioned into the Royal Artillery in 1936, Candeth saw action in West Asia during the Second World War. And, shortly before India's independence from colonial rule, he was deployed in the North West Frontier Province, bordering Afghanistan, to quell local tribes. The mountainous terrain gave Candeth the experience for his later operations against Nagaland separatists in the North East. He attended the Military Services Staff College at Quetta, capital of Baluchistan in 1945.
After Independence, Candeth was commanding an artillery regiment that was deployed to Jammu and Kashmir after Pakistan-backed tribesmen attacked and captured a third of the province before being forced back by the Indian Army. Thereafter, Candeth held a series of senior appointments, including that of Director General of Artillery at Army Headquarters in Delhi, to which he was appointed on 8 September 1959, with the acting rank of major-general (substantive colonel).
After relinquishing charge as Goa's Military Governor in 1963, Candeth was appointed GOC, Nagaland on 23 August 1963. He took command of the newly raised 8 Mountain Division in the North-East on 15 November 1963, where he battled, although with little success, the highly organised Naga insurgents. The insurgency in the North East has not been quelled completely to this day. On 7 May 1965, he was appointed Deputy Chief of the Army Staff (DCOAS) with the acting rank of lieutenant-general. He was promoted to lieutenant-general on 17 January 1966, and was appointed GOC-in-C, Western Command on 27 September 1969.
Lt. Gen. Kunhiraman Palat Candeth was awarded the Param Vishisht Seva Medal and also the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India. Retiring from the army on 21 October 1972, he joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in the 1990s and was appointed a member of the Party's Executive Committee.
|Insignia||Rank||Component||Date of rank|
|Second Lieutenant||British Indian Army||15 July 1937 (seniority 30 August 1936)|
|Lieutenant||British Indian Army||30 November 1938|
|Captain||British Indian Army||1940 (acting)|
1 January 1941 (temporary)
30 August 1944 (substantive)
|Captain||Indian Army||15 August 1947[note 1]|
|Brigadier||Indian Army||1948 (acting)[note 1]|
|Major||Indian Army||30 August 1949[note 1]|
|Major||Indian Army||26 January 1950 (recommissioning and change in insignia)|
|Colonel||Indian Army||30 August 1956|
|Brigadier||Indian Army||30 August 1959|
|Major General||Indian Army||8 September 1959 (acting)|
|Lieutenant-General||Indian Army||7 May 1965 (acting)|
11 January 1966 (substantive)