Parmeshwari Lal Varma
Varma (left) with Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret in 1955
Born(1920-12-06)6 December 1920
Punjab, India
OccupationCivil engineer
Known forChandigarh city

Parmeshwari Lal Varma (born 6 December 1920, date of death unknown), often shortened to P. L. Varma, is an Indian civil engineer and a former chief engineer of Punjab.[1] He served as an associate of Le Corbusier, the Swiss-French architect, who designed the city of Chandigarh.[2][3] There have been reports that Le Corbusier wanted Verma to assist him even past his retirement from service for which Jawaharlal Nehru, the then prime minister of India, unsuccessfully requested the Government of Punjab for the extension of Verma's service.[4] His involvement in the making of Chandigarh has been documented in a book, Le Corbusier Rediscovered: Chandigarh and Beyond, in which he has written a special article.[5] The Government of India awarded him Padma Bhushan, the third highest Indian civilian award, in 1971.[6] In June 2001, The Tribune noted that Verma was deceased.[7]

See also


  1. ^ "Chandigarh History". Phantom Hands. 28 May 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Photographs of Pierre Jeanneret and others at Chandigarh, India". 28 May 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  3. ^ "P.L. Varma, Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret". 28 May 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  4. ^ "How Modi Can Win Friends and Influence People". The Wire. 4 December 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  5. ^ "Architects of change". The Tribune. 7 December 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  6. ^ "Padma Awards". Padma Awards. Government of India. 17 May 2018. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  7. ^ "PGI's regional role". The Tribune. Retrieved 25 November 2021.

Further reading