Ale Ahmad Suroor
Born9 September 1911
Badaun district, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, India
Died9 February 2002(2002-02-09) (aged 90)
Delhi, India
OccupationProfessor, Poet, Critic
Alma materAligarh Muslim University
GenreLiterary criticism, Ghazal
Notable awardsPadma Bhushan (1991)
Sahitya Akademi Award (1974)

Ale Ahmad Suroor (1911-2002) was an Urdu poet, critic and professor from India. He is best known for his literary criticism. In 1974 he was honoured with the Sahitya Akademi Award by the Government of India for his literary critic work, Nazar aur Nazariya. In 1991 he was also awarded the Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian award.[1][2][3] He was awarded a special gold medal by the President of Pakistan on the centenary of the birth of Muhammad Iqbal.[4][5]

Early life

Suroor was born in the Badaun city of Uttar Pradesh on 9 September 1911. He studied Science and graduated from St John's College, Agra. He completed his master's degree in English literature in 1934. From 1958 to 1974 he worked as professor and Head of Urdu at Aligarh Muslim University.[1][5]


I am a Musalman and, in the words of Maulana Azad, “caretaker of the thirteen hundred years of the wealth that is Islam.” My deciphering of Islam is the key to the interpretation of my spirit. I am also an Indian and this Indianness is as much a part of my being. Islam does not deter me from believing in my Indian identity.

-Quote of Suroor from his autobiography[5][6]

Suroor's autobiography, Khwab Baki Hai (Dream Still Remain), states, "Criticism takes the help of science but it is not a science; it is a branch of literature". Regarding poetry Suroor states that poetry does not bring "revolutions" but it creates right environment to make sudden change in mind, it is not "sword" but the "lancet".[5]


Suroor wrote extensively on Urdu poet Muhammad Iqbal. Suroor was the founder director of the "Iqbal institute" in Kashmir University which is now known as the "Iqbal institute of Culture and Philosophy". The "Iqbal Chair" was established at Kashmir University in 1977 where Suroor was appointed as Iqbal professor.[7][8]


Suroor authored many books. The following is an incomplete list of Suroor's books.[5]

The following are some of books written by Suroor on Iqbal's legacy.[5]

Awards and recognition

Suroor was honoured by following major awards[5]


  1. ^ a b Mohan Lal (1992). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature: Sasay to Zorgot. Sahitya Akademi. pp. 4240–. ISBN 978-81-260-1221-3.
  2. ^ "Obituaries". The Milli Gazette. Vol. 3, no. 5. Pharos Media. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  3. ^ "Padma Bhushan Awardees – Padma Awards – My India, My Pride – Know India: National Portal of India". Archived from the original on 6 October 2015. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Pakistan is equally my country". The News International, Pakistan. 16 August 2009.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Viasat Internet Florida | Satellite Internet Provider FL". Retrieved 16 April 2023.
  6. ^ Suroor, Ale Ahmad. Khwab Baqi Hai. Aligarh: Educational Book House, 2000. p. 341.
  7. ^ Mehr Afshan Farooqi (3 July 2012). Urdu Literary Culture: Vernacular Modernity in the Writing of Muhammad Hasan Askari. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 263–. ISBN 978-1-137-02692-7.
  8. ^ Fazil, Takseen (9 February 2012). "Prof. Ale Ahmad Suroor". Greater Kashmir. Retrieved 9 November 2015.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ Jalil, Rakhshanda (2002). "Ale Ahmed Suroor: "Khwab Baqi Hain"". Indian Literature. 4 (210): 85–89. JSTOR 23345647.
  10. ^ "Book Excerptise: The Oxford India Anthology of Modern Urdu Literature: Poetry and Prose Miscellany by Mehr Afshan Farooqi (ed)". Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  11. ^ "Rediff On The NeT: Jeelani Bano shares Urdu literary award with Pakistani writer".