Bihar Province
Province of British India
Flag of Bihar
Coat of arms of Bihar
Coat of arms

Bihar Province in a 1940 map of British India
• Bifurcation of Bihar and Orissa Province
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Bihar and Orissa Province
Today part of

Bihar Province was a province of British India, created in 1936 by the partition of the Bihar and Orissa Province.


In 1756, Bihar was part of Bengal. On 14 October 1803, Orissa was occupied by the British Raj.[1] On 22 March 1912, both Bihar and Orissa were separated from Bengal as Bihar and Orissa Province.[2] On 1 April 1936, Bihar and Orissa became separate provinces.[3]

The Government of India Act provided for the election of a provincial legislative assembly and a responsible government. Elections were held in 1937 and the Indian National Congress took a majority of the seats but declined to form the government. A minority provisional government was formed under Muhammad Yunus.[4]

Minister Portfolio
Muhammad Yunus Home and Education
Ajit Prasad Singh Deo Local Self-Government (including Medical and Excise)
Abdul Wahab Khan Finance and Irrigation
Gur Sahay Lal Revenue and Development

The Congress reversed its decision and resolved to accept office in July 1937. Therefore, the Governor invited Shri Krishna Sinha to form the government.

Minister Portfolio
Shri Krishna Sinha Premier,
Anugrah Narayan Sinha Deputy Premier, Finance and Local Self Government
Syed Mahmud Education
Jaglal Choudhary Public Health and Excise

In 1939, along with Congress ministries in other provinces, Sinha resigned in protest of the Governor-General's declaration of war on Germany without consulting with Indian leaders and Bihar came under Governor's Rule. Another round of elections were held in 1946, yielding another Congress majority and Sinha again became Premier.

Finally on 15 August 1947, Bihar Province became part of independent India.[5]



See also


  1. ^ Newalpuri, Hafeezullah. Orissa Mein Urdu (in Urdu) (2001 ed.). New Delhi: National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language. p. 30.
  2. ^ O'malley, L. S. S. (1924). Bihar And Orissa District Gazetteers Patna. Concept Publishing Company. ISBN 9788172681210.
  3. ^ ଇତିହାସ ଓ ରାଜନୀତି ବିଜ୍ଞାନ (ଶ୍ରେଣୀ ୧୦) [Oriya History and Political Science (10th Class)] (in Odia) (2018 ed.). Government of Odisha. pp. 62, 69.
  4. ^ "PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENTS (MINISTERS)". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). 19 April 1937. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
  5. ^ Provinces of British India

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