Mumbai Metro Orange Line 5
Overview
StatusUnder Construction
OwnerMumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA)
LocaleMumbai Metropolitan Region, Maharashtra, India
Termini
Stations17
WebsiteLine 5
Service
TypeRapid transit
SystemMumbai Metro
Depot(s)Kasheli
History
CommencedFebruary 2020 (2020-02)
Planned opening2025; 1 year's time (2025)
Technical
Line length24.9 km (15.5 mi)
CharacterElevated and underground
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Route map

Line 5
to Line 12
Right arrow towards CSMT
Kalyan APMC Depot
0.0000
Kalyan APMC
0.7000
Kalyan Railway Station on Central line
Left arrow towards Khopoli and Down arrow towards Kasara
1.4640
Sahajanand Chowk
2.0980
Durgadi Fort
Ulhas River
3.8940
Kongaon
Kongaon MIDC Depot
6.1950
Govegaon MIDC
7.1980
Rajnouli Village
8.9840
Temghar
10.7640
Gopal Nagar
11.4850
Bhiwandi
12.4020
Dhamankar Naka
14.2420
Anjur Phata
Vasai Road–Roha line
15.7190
Purna
17.7960
Kalher
19.2370
Kasheli
Vasai Creek
22.9100
Balkum Naka
23.7860
Kapurbawdi (Thane)
on Line 4

Line 5 (Orange Line) of the Mumbai Metro is a rapid transit metro line in the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. When completed, the 24.9 km (15.5 mi) line will connect Thane with Kalyan via Bhiwandi, with 17 stations. The line will be fully elevated except for a 3 km underground section in Bhiwandi.

The line is being built in two phases. The first phase, from Thane to Bhiwandi, is currently under construction. The second phase, from Bhiwandi to Kalyan, is in the planning stage. Line 5 is expected to open in 2025.

A proposed 20.75 km extension of Line 5, from Kalyan to Taloja, is part of Orange Line 12.

Planning

In March 2016, the Mumbai Railway Vikas Corporation proposed building an elevated suburban rail corridor from Kurla to Bhiwandi via Thane at an estimated cost of 7,500 crore (US$940 million).[1] On 19 October 2016, the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA), headed by Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis, approved a plan to build 24 km metro rail line from Thane to Kalyan via Bhiwandi. The line would have 17 stations and was estimated to cost 8,416 crore (US$1.1 billion). A future extension to Taloja was also proposed.[2] The project was approved by the Maharashtra Cabinet on 24 October 2017.[3] The detailed project report for Line 5 was prepared by a consortium of D’Appolonia and Tata Consultancy Services (TCS).[4]

The project received Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) clearance from the Maharashtra Coastal Zone Management Authority (MCZMA) in June 2017. A 3.9 km stretch of Line 5 passes through CRZ areas along the Kasheli bridge crossing the Ulhas river, and also near Durgadi Fort.[5] The MMRDA utilized a drone to carry out survey work for Line 5. The drones were fitted with 360 degrees camera that provide up to 3 millimetres (0.12 in) accuracy. The aerial survey takes less time than a regular survey, achieves greater accuracy and helps protect against false claims for compensation.[6]

Two potential routes were proposed for Line 5's alignment. The first route passed through more densely populated areas of Thane, Bhiwandi and Kalyan, while the second route passed through their outskirts. The Bhiwandi-Nizampur City Municipal Corporation demanded that the first route be taken in order to benefit more people. The MMRDA began carrying out survey work for the line by December 2017. The same month, the MMRDA stated that it had chosen the first route as the alignment for Line 5.[4] Survey work was interrupted due to protests by some shopkeepers and residents of Bhiwandi.[7]

Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone for Line 5 in Kalyan on 18 December 2018.[8][9] In June 2019, the MMRDA stated that it had decided to start Line 5 from Kapurbawdi station, which would serve as an interchange with Line 4. The original plan had been to build a separate station 500 metres away from the Line 4 station.[10] Systra France, Systra MVA Consulting (India) Pvt Ltd and Consulting Engineers Group Ltd were appointed as general consultants for the project on 6 August 2019.[11][12]

In November 2021, the MMRDA decided to construct the depot for Line 5 at Kasheli in Thane, instead of the original plan to build it at Kongaon MIDC,[13] after local residents opposed the plan.[14] The agency invited tenders for the construction of the depot on 20 October 2022.[15] Ritwik Projects Pvt. Ltd. was awarded a 589 crore (US$74 million) contract to build the Kasheli depot in September 2023.[16][17]

Underground section

In February 2020, State Urban Development Minister Eknath Shinde stated that he had requested the MMRDA to alter the alignment of Line 5 to bypass several religious sites, and also to extend the line to Shahad. MMRDA Metropolitan Commissioner R.A. Rajeev stated that the agency would finalise a new route.[18] In March 2022, Shinde stated that a stretch of the line passing through Bhiwandi would be underground in order to avoid affecting 735 buildings.[19] The State Urban Development Department approved building a 3 km section of Line 5 between Dhamankar Naka and Temghar underground on 6 June 2023.[20] The underground section is estimated to increase the cost of the project by 1,727 crore (US$220 million).[21]

Extensions

Further information: Line 12 (Mumbai Metro)

The MMRDA approved an extension of Line 5 from Kalyan to Dombivali and Taloja on 21 November 2018. The elevated corridor would be 20.75 km long with 17 stations and was estimated to cost 5,865 crore (US$730 million). The extension is called Line 12.[22] The detailed project report for the extension was prepared by the DMRC.[23] The extension was approved by the State Government on 23 July 2019.[24][25]

In March 2023, the MMRDA proposed a 7.7 km extension of Line 5 from Kalyan to Ulhasnagar.[26][27]

Construction

Construction of the 24.9 km line was divided into two phases. The first phase is a 11.68 km section between Kapurbawadi in Thane and Dhamankar Naka in Bhiwandi. The second phase is a 11.8 km section between Bhiwandi and Kalyan, which includes a 3 km underground section between Dhamankar Naka and Temghar.[28]

Phase 1 – Thane to Bhiwandi

Afcons Infrastructure was awarded the contract to construct the first phase. This included the elevated viaduct, the viaduct to integrate Line 5 with Line 4, and seven elevated stations at Kapurbawdi, Balkum Naka, Kasheli, Kalher, Purna, Anjur Phata, and Dhamankar Naka on 7 January 2020.[29][11] Construction began in February 2020.[30] The first pier cap was erected near Balkum in Thane on 22 January 2021.[31]

One construction worker died after being electrocuted at a construction site in Thane on 25 May 2021. Police registered first information reports against the site supervisor and a crane operator charging them with "causing death by negligence".[32] The first marine pile cap was placed on Kasheli Creek in October 2021. The metro viaduct crossing the Kasheli creek is 550 metres long, and consists of 13 piers, of which 9 are in the creek and 5 are on land.[33] The viaduct is 15 metres above the water and has 13 spans each with a length of 42.3 metres.[34]

In 2021, five construction workers were injured by falling iron rods at the site.[35] The MMRDA said that 65% of the work had been completed in November 2022,[36] and 70% in December 2022 including 64% of work on stations.[37] Construction of the 550 metre viaduct over Kasheli Creek was completed on 22 January 2023, taking a total of 123 days. In the same month, Afcons stated that it completed 9.3 km of viaducts.[34][38] The MMRDA stated that 79% of civil work on the first phase had been completed on 6 June 2023.[39]

Phase 2 – Bhiwandi to Kalyan

Delhi Metro Rail Corporation is appointed to finalize the alignment and to prepare the revise DPR.

Stations

There will be 17 stations on Line 5.

Orange Line 5
# Station Name Status Connections Layout
English Marathi
1 Kapurbawdi कापूरबावडी Under Construction Line 4 (Under Construction) Elevated
2 Balkum Naka बाळकुम नाका Under Construction None Elevated
3 Kasheli कशेळी Under Construction None Elevated
4 Kalher काल्हेर Under Construction None Elevated
5 Purna पूर्णा Under Construction None Elevated
6 Anjur Phata अंजूर फाटा Under Construction Indian Railways Elevated
7 Dhamankar Naka धामणकर नाका Under Construction None Elevated
8 Bhiwandi भिवंडी Under Construction None Elevated
9 Gopal Nagar गोपाल नगर Under Construction None Elevated
10 Temghar टेमघर Under Construction None Elevated
11 Rajnouli Village राजनौली गाव Under Construction None Elevated
12 Govegaon MIDC गोवेगाव एमआयडीसी Under Construction None Elevated
13 Kongaon कोणगाव Under Construction None Elevated
14 Durgadi Fort दुर्गाडी किल्ला Under Construction None Elevated
15 Sahajanand Chowk सहजानंद चौक Under Construction None Elevated
16 Kalyan Railway Station कल्याण रेल्वे स्थानक Under Construction Central line, Indian Railways Elevated
17 Kalyan APMC कल्याण एपीएमसी Under Construction Line 12 (Proposed) Elevated

Cost

Line 7 is estimated to cost 8,416 crore (US$1.1 billion). The cost was primarily borne by the MMRDA.[4] The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and the OPEC Fund for International Development provided a total loan of 2,357.25 crore (US$300 million) for the project.[40]

References

  1. ^ "Elevated rail corridor to connect city to Bhiwandi". Hindustan Times. 30 March 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  2. ^ "MMRDA approves two Metro corridors". The Hindu. 19 October 2016. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  3. ^ "Mumbai Metro's corridor 5 and 6 gets Maharashtra cabinet approval". Livemint. 24 October 2017. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b c "Mumbai Metro-5 to move through crowded areas of Thane". The Asian Age. 28 December 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  5. ^ "Tenders for Metro 5, 6 in a month: MMRDA". The Indian Express. 25 October 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  6. ^ "MMRDA to use drones to map Metro-5,6 way". The Asian Age. 30 October 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  7. ^ "Bhiwandi residents oppose Metro 5". The Asian Age. 1 August 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  8. ^ "Mumbai: PM Modi to lay foundation stone for 2 Metro projects, housing scheme of 90,000 units". The Indian Express. 18 December 2018. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  9. ^ "Modi kicks off ₹33,000 crore metro, low-cost housing projects in Mumbai". The Hindu. 18 December 2018. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  10. ^ "Metro lines 4 and 5 to be linked at station in Thane". Hindustan Times. 17 June 2019. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  11. ^ a b "Thane-Bhiwandi-Kalyan Metro: Construction to start after monsoon". The Indian Express. 7 August 2019. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  12. ^ "MMRDA picks contractor for civil work of Metro 5". The Hindu. 6 August 2019. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  13. ^ "Mumbai: MMRDA changes location of 2 Metro depots". The Indian Express. 18 November 2021. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  14. ^ "Thane-Bhiwandi-Kalyan metro's depot issue resolved". Free Press Journal. Retrieved 4 November 2023.
  15. ^ "Metro Line 5: Depot construction work in Thane likely to cost MMRDA over Rs 472 cr". The Indian Express. 22 October 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  16. ^ www.ETInfra.com. "MMRDA ropes in contractor to build Metro 5 depot at Kasheli on 27ha land - ET Infra". ETInfra.com. Retrieved 4 November 2023.
  17. ^ "MMRDA appoints contractor for Metro Line-5 depot work at Kasheli". Mid-day. 14 September 2023. Retrieved 4 November 2023.
  18. ^ "Mumbai Metro 5 corridor route to be changed: Eknath Shinde". The Indian Express. 1 February 2020. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  19. ^ "Maharashtra: Metro line 5 underground stretch will save 735 buildings, says minister Eknath Shinde". The Times of India. 22 March 2022. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  20. ^ "Mumbai Metro Line 5: Underground stretch approved, work on Phase 2 to begin soon". The Indian Express. 7 June 2023. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  21. ^ "3km stretch on Bhiwandi - Kalyan Metro line to be built underground, saving 735 structures". Hindustan Times. 18 March 2022. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  22. ^ "3 new Metro lines worth Rs 17,347-cr cleared". Mumbai Mirror. 22 November 2018. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  23. ^ "Mumbai Metropolitan Region to get four new Metro lines". Hindustan Times. 31 March 2018. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  24. ^ "State clears three Metro projects". The Hindu. 23 July 2019. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  25. ^ Shah, Vrutika (24 July 2019). "Mumbai is getting 3 new metro routes & here's what you need to know". GQ India. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  26. ^ "Sindhis will see Sindhu Nagar Metro station soon: BJP MLA Kumar Ailani". The Times of India. 12 March 2023. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  27. ^ "Good news for Ulhasnagar residents! MMRDA to extend Metro 5 to Ulhasna | Mumbai News". Mumbai Live. 8 March 2023. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  28. ^ "Mumbai Metro Line 5: MMRDA to put on hold 4-km tunnelling work as Maharashtra govt nod pending". The Indian Express. 24 December 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  29. ^ "Afcons Awarded Mumbai Metro Line-5's Thane - Bhiwandi Section". The Metro Rail Guy. 28 January 2020. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  30. ^ "Afcons Begins Casting Piers for Mumbai Metro Line-5 in Thane". The Metro Rail Guy. 20 February 2020. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  31. ^ "Mumbai Metro-5 corridor to be complete by December 2024: MMRDA". Hindustan Times. 26 January 2021. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  32. ^ "Worker electrocuted at Metro rail site in Thane, two booked". Mumbai Mirror. 25 May 2021. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  33. ^ "Mumbai: 1st marine pile cap cast in Kasheli creek for Metro 5". The Indian Express. 27 October 2021. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  34. ^ a b "Mumbai: Work on 1st Metro viaduct over water body completed". The Indian Express. 24 January 2023. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  35. ^ "Iron rods of Metro work in Thane collapse, 5 workers injured". Hindustan Times. 13 November 2021. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  36. ^ "Mumbai: Here is latest update of more than dozen Metro projects in the city". Free Press Journal. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  37. ^ "70% work completed on Metro Line 5". Hindustan Times. 25 December 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  38. ^ "Mumbai Metro Line 5: Thane-Kalyan-Bhiwandi viaduct across Kasheli Creek completed". The Economic Times. 25 January 2023. ISSN 0013-0389. Retrieved 4 November 2023.
  39. ^ "Dhamankar Naka to Temghar stretch of Metro 5 to be underground". Hindustan Times. 7 June 2023. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  40. ^ "Mumbai: Work on 1st Metro viaduct over water body completed". The Indian Express. 24 January 2023. Retrieved 11 July 2023.