Government of Gujarat
Gujarāta sarakāra
Government Of Gujarat Seal In All Languages.svg
Seat of GovernmentGandhinagar
Legislative branch
Assembly
SpeakerNimaben Acharya
Members in Assembly182
Executive branch
GovernorAcharya Devvrat
Chief MinisterBhupendrabhai Patel
Deputy Chief MinisterVacant
Chief SecretaryPankaj Kumar, IAS
Judiciary branch
High CourtGujarat High Court
Chief JusticeAravind Kumar

The Government of Gujarat, also known as Gujarat Government, is the supreme governing authority of the Indian state of Gujarat and its 33 districts. It consists of an executive of the legislators appointed by the Governor of Gujarat, a judiciary and of a publicly elected legislative body.

Like other states in India, the head of state of Gujarat is the Governor, appointed by the President of India on the advice of the Central (Union) government. His or her post is largely ceremonial, but considers the legislative composition and appoints the Chief Minister, who is the main head of government, as chair of the Council of Ministers of Gujarat and is vested, in some instances alone but as to most executive powers by Council consensus with virtually all of the executive powers.

Gandhinagar, the capital of Gujarat, houses the relevant Vidhan Sabha (also known as the Gujarat Legislative Assembly) and the secretariat. The Gujarat High Court in Ahmedabad, has jurisdiction over the state as to state laws.[1]

The present legislative assembly is unicameral, consisting of 182 Members of the Legislative Assembly (M.L.As). Its term is 5 years, unless sooner dissolved.[2][3]

Executive

Further information: Gujarat Council of Ministers

This section is transcluded from Bhupendrabhai Patel ministry. (edit | history)

Cabinet Ministers

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Chief Minister
Home
General Administration
Information & Broadcast
Industries
Mines & Minerals
Captital Projects
Urban Development & Urban Housing
Narmada & Ports
Departments not allotted to any Minister
13 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Revenue
Minister of Law & Justice
Minister of Legislative & Parliamentary Affairs
16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Education16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Health & Family Welfare
Minister of Medical Education
Minister of Water Resources & Water Supply
16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Roads & Building
Minister of Transport
Minister of Civil Aviation
Minister of Tourism & Pilgrimage Development
Purnesh Modi
16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Agriculture & Animal Husbandry16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Finance
Minister of Energy & Petrochemicals
16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Forest, Environment & Climate Change16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Food & Civil Supplies
Minister of Tribal Development
Nareshbhai Patel
16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Social Justice & Empowerment16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Rural Development & Rural Housing
Arjunsinh Chauhan
16 September 2021Incumbent BJP

Ministers in charge

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Minister of state (I/C) in Sports, Youth Affairs & Cultural Activities
Minister of state (I/C) in Excise & Prohibition
Minister of state (I/C) in Border Security & Prisons
Minister of state in Home & Police Housing
Minister of state in Disaster Management
16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of state (I/C) in Cottage Industries
Minister of state (I/C) in Cooperation
Minister of state (I/C) in Salt Industries
Minister of state in Industries
Minister of state in Forest, Environment & Climate Change
Jagdish Panchal
16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of state (I/C) in Labour & Employment
Minister of state (I/C) in Panchayats
Minister of state in Rural Development & Rural Housing
Brijesh Merja
16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of state (I/C) in Fisheries
Minister of state in Water Resources & Water Supply
Minister of state in Narmada
Jitu Choudhary
16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of state (I/C) in Women & Child Development
Minister of state in Social Justice & Empowerment
16 September 2021Incumbent BJP

Ministers of state

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Minister of state in Agriculture
Minister of state in Energy & Petrochemicals
16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of state in Health & Family Welfare
Minister of state in Medical Education
Minister of state in Tribal Development
16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of state in Transport
Minister of state in Civil Aviation
Minister of state in Tourism & Pilgrimage Development
Arvind Raiyani
16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of state in higher & Technical Education
Minister of state in Legislative & Parliamentary Affairs
Kuberbhai Dindor
16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of state in Primary, Secondary & Adult Education16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of state in Food & Civil Supplies16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of state in Social Justice & Empowerment
RC Makwana
16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of state in Urban Development & Urban Housing
Vinod Moradia
16 September 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of state in Animal Husbandry16 September 2021Incumbent BJP

This section is transcluded from List of chief ministers of Gujarat. (edit | history)

Chief Ministers of Gujarat

No Portrait Name Constituency Term of office Tenure length Assembly

(election)

Party[a]
1
Jivraj Mehta.jpg
Jivraj Narayan Mehta Amreli 1 May 1960 3 March 1962 3 years, 141 days 1st/Interim
(1957 election)
Indian National Congress
3 March 1962 19 September 1963 2nd
(1962 election)
2
Balwantrai Mehta 2000 stamp of India (cropped).jpg
Balwantrai Mehta Bhavnagar 19 September 1963 19 September 1965 2 years, 0 days
3
No image available.svg
Hitendra Kanaiyalal Desai Olpad 19 September 1965 3 April 1967 5 years, 245 days
3 April 1967 12 May 1971 3rd
(1967 election)
Indian National Congress (O)
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 13 May 1971 17 March 1972 309 days Dissolved N/A
4
No image available.svg
Ghanshyam Oza Dahegam 17 March 1972 17 July 1973 1 year, 122 days 4th
(1972 election)
Indian National Congress
5 Chimanbhai Patel Sankheda 17 July 1973 9 February 1974 207 days
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 9 February 1974 18 June 1975 1 year, 129 days Dissolved N/A
6
No image available.svg
Babubhai J. Patel Sabarmati 18 June 1975 12 March 1976 268 days 5th
(1975 election)
Indian National Congress (O)
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 12 March 1976 24 December 1976 287 days N/A
7 Madhav Singh Solanki Bhadran 24 December 1976 10 April 1977 107 days Indian National Congress
(6)
No image available.svg
Babubhai J. Patel Sabarmati 11 April 1977 17 February 1980 2 years, 312 days Janata Party
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 17 February 1980 6 June 1980 110 days N/A
(7) Madhav Singh Solanki Bhadran 7 June 1980 10 March 1985 5 years, 29 days 6th
(1980 election)
Indian National Congress
11 March 1985 6 July 1985 7th

(1985 election)

8
No image available.svg
Amarsinh Chaudhary Vyara 6 July 1985 9 December 1989 4 years, 156 days
(7) Madhav Singh Solanki Bhadran 10 December 1989 3 March 1990 83 days
(5) Chimanbhai Patel Sankheda 4 March 1990 25 October 1990 3 years, 350 days 8th
(1990 election)
Janata Dal
25 October 1990 17 February 1994 Indian National Congress
9
No image available.svg
Chhabildas Mehta Mahuva 17 February 1994 13 March 1995 1 year, 24 days
10
Keshubhai Patel.jpg
Keshubhai Patel Visavadar 14 March 1995 21 October 1995 221 days 9th
(1995 election)
Bharatiya Janata Party
11 Suresh Mehta Mandvi 21 October 1995 19 September 1996 334 days
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 19 September 1996 23 October 1996 27 days N/A
12
Shankersinh vaghela profile.jpg
Shankersinh Vaghela Radhanpur 23 October 1996 27 October 1997 1 year, 4 days Rashtriya Janata Party
13 Dilip Parikh Dhandhuka 28 October 1997 4 March 1998 188 days
(10)
Keshubhai Patel.jpg
Keshubhai Patel Visavadar 4 March 1998 6 October 2001 3 years, 216 days 10th
(1998 election)
Bharatiya Janata Party
14
Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi.jpg
Narendra Modi Rajkot II 7 October 2001 22 December 2002 12 years, 227 days[c]
Maninagar 22 December 2002 22 December 2007 11th
(2002 election)
23 December 2007 20 December 2012 12th
(2007 election)
20 December 2012 22 May 2014 13th Assembly
(2012 election)
15
Anandiben Patel Ji.jpg
Anandiben Patel Ghatlodia 22 May 2014 7 August 2016 2 years, 77 days
16
Vijay Rupani.jpg
Vijay Rupani Rajkot West 7 August 2016 26 December 2017 5 years, 37 days
26 December 2017 13 September 2021 14th Assembly
(2017 election)
17
Bhupendra PAtel Sanskrit.jpg
Bhupendrabhai Patel Ghatlodia 13 September 2021 Incumbent 322 days

Legislature

Further information: Gujarat Legislative Assembly and 14th Gujarat Assembly

Gujarat Legislative Assembly or Gujarat Vidhan Sabha is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Gujarat, in the state capital Gandhinagar. Presently, 182 members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected from single-member constituencies (seats). It has a term of 5 years unless it is dissolved sooner. 13 constituencies are reserved for scheduled castes and 27 constituencies for scheduled tribes. From its majority party group or by way of a grand coalition cabinet of its prominent members, the state's Executive namely the Government of Gujarat is formed.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c d e President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[4]
  3. ^ Narendra Modi is the longest serving Chief Minister of Gujarat up to today.

References

  1. ^ "Jurisdiction and Seats of Indian High Courts". Eastern Book Company. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
  2. ^ "Gujarat Legislative Assembly". Legislative Bodies in India. National Informatics Centre, Government of India. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
  3. ^ "Conversation with the living legend of law — Fali Sam Nariman". Bar and Bench.
  4. ^ "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.