Ahmedabad District
અમદાવાદ
Delhi Darwaja 1.jpg
Country India
StateGujarat
RegionWestern India
 • Rank1 of 33 in Gujarat
Time zoneI
 • Summer (DST)IST (UTC+05:30)
Websiteahmedabad.nic.in ahmedabad.gujarat.gov.in

Ahmedabad district comprises the city of Ahmedabad, in the central part of the state of Gujarat in western India. It is the seventh most populous district in India (out of 739).[1]

Etymology

Main article: History of Ahmedabad

The area around Ahmedabad has been inhabited since the 11th century, when it was known as Ashaval.[2] At that time, Karna, the Chaulukya (Solanki) ruler of Anhilwara (modern Patan), waged a successful war against the Bhil king of Ashaval,[3] and established a city called Karnavati on the banks of the Sabarmati.[4]

In 1411, this area came under the control of Muzaffar Shah I's grandson, Sultan Ahmed Shah, who selected the forested area along the banks of the Sabarmati river for a new capital city. He laid the foundation of a new walled city near Karnavati and named it Ahmedabad after himself.[5][6] According to other versions, he named the city after four Muslim saints in the area who all had the name Ahmedabad.[7]

Data

S.NO. [8] SOURCE PERIODICITY (and latest available) DATA
A. HEALTH
Total Rural Urban
A.1 Sex Ratio (Number of females per 1000 males) District Census Handbook, Census of India Decadal (2011) 904 933 899
A.2 Births to women aged 15-19years out of total births (%) Not available Not available Not available
A.3 Mean number of children ever born to women aged 40-49years (#) Not available Not available Not available
A.4 Current use of family planning methods (%) Not available Not available Not available
A.5 Current use of any modern method of family planning (%) Not available Not available Not available
A.6 Total unmet need for family planning (%) Not available Not available Not available
A.7 Institutional Deliveries (%) Not available Not available Not available
A.8 Deliveries at home conducted by skilled health personnel (%) Not available Not available Not available
A.9 Children who received full vaccination (%) Not available Not available Not available
A.10 Prevalence of Acute illness (%) Not available Not available Not available
A.11 Prevalence of Chronic illness (%) Not available Not available Not available
A.12 Prevalence of Anaemia (6-59months) (%) Not available Not available Not available
A.13 Prevalence of Severe Anaemia (6-59months) (%) Not available Not available Not available
A.14 Prevalence of Anaemia in pregnant women aged 15-49years (%) Not available Not available Not available
A.15 Prevalence of Severe Anaemia in pregnant women aged 15-49years (%) Not available Not available Not available
A.16 Prevalence of Anaemia in women aged 15-49years (%) Not available Not available Not available
A.17 Prevalence of Severe Anaemia in women aged 15-49years (%) Not available Not available Not available
A.18 Mean age at marriage for girls Not available Not available Not available
A.19 Mean age at marriage for boys Not available Not available Not available
A.20 Currently married women married below 18years of age (%) Not available Not available Not available
A.21 Currently married men married below 21years of age (%) Not available Not available Not available
A.22 Villages with Sub-Health Centres within 3km (%) Not available Not applicable
A.23 Villages with Primary Health Centre within 10km (%) Not available Not applicable
A.24 PHCs functioning on a 24x7hours basis (%) Not available Not applicable
A.25 Number of District Hospitals (#) Not available Not applicable
B. EDUCATION
B.1 Literacy Rate (%) District Census Handbook, Census of India Decadal (2011) Total 85.31 Male 90.74 Female 79.35
Primary Upper Primary
B.2 Gross Enrolment Ratio (%) DISE Annual (2013-14) 102.3 86.7
B.3 Net Enrolment Ratio (%) DISE Annual (2013-14) 82.2 63.8
B.4 Drop Out Rate (%) DISE Annual (2013-14) Not available 1.7
B.5 Pupil-Teacher Ratio (%) DISE Annual (2013-14) 35.0 35.0
B.6 Student-Classroom Ratio (%) DISE Annual (2013-14) 31.0 26.0
B.7 Girl's Enrolment (%) DISE Annual (2013-14) 50.7 48.6
B.8 Female Teachers (%) DISE Annual (2013-14) 82.8 57.1
B.9 New Government Schools since 2003 (%) DISE Annual (2013-14) 13.6 11.2
B.10 Schools with girls toilet (%) DISE Annual (2013-14) 100.0 100.0
B.11 Schools with boys toilet (%) DISE Annual (2013-14) 100.3 100.0
B.12 Schools with drinking water facility (%) DISE Annual (2013-14) 100.0 100.0
B.13 Schools with electricity (%) DISE Annual (2013-14) 100.0 100.0
C. ELECTRICITY
Total Rural Urban
C.1 Households with electricity (%) Not available Not available Not available
C.2 Total Households in District (#) Houselisting and Housing Census Data Tables- District Level (HH-7), Census of India Decadal (2011) 1,494,656 228,886 1,265,770
% (out of total HH) # % (out of total rural HH) # % (out of total urban HH) #
C.3 Households with electricity as main source of lighting Houselisting and Housing Census Data Tables- District Level (HH-7), Census of India Decadal (2011) 97.42 1,456,046 92.13 210,869 98.37 1,245,177
C.4 Households with solar energy as main source of lighting Houselisting and Housing Census Data Tables- District Level (HH-7), Census of India Decadal (2011) 0.04 624 0.10 231 0.03 393
C.5 Households with no lighting Houselisting and Housing Census Data Tables- District Level (HH-7), Census of India Decadal (2011) 0.44 6,511 0.97 2,219 0.34 4,292
D. WATER
Total Rural Urban
D.1 Households with improved source of drinking water (%) Not available Not available Not available
D.2 Total Households in District Houselisting and Housing Census Data Tables- District Level (HH-6), Census of India Decadal (2011) 1,494,656 228,886 1,265,770
% (of total HH) # % (of total rural HH) # % (of total urban HH) #
D.3 Households with main source of drinking water within premises Houselisting and Housing Census Data Tables- District Level (HH-6), Census of India Decadal (2011) 86.07 1,286,525 59.88 137,050 90.81 1,149,475
D.4 Households receiving treated tap water within premises Houselisting and Housing Census Data Tables- District Level (HH-6), Census of India Decadal (2011) 62.23 930,100 15.86 36,310 70.61 893,790
D.5 Households receiving untreated tap water within premises Houselisting and Housing Census Data Tables- District Level (HH-6), Census of India Decadal (2011) 14.16 211,600 39.82 91,135 9.52 120,465
E. TELECOMMUNICATION
Total Rural Urban
E.1 Households with landline phone (%) District Census Handbook, Census of India Decadal (2011) 5.17 2.40 5.67
E.2 Households with mobile phone (%) District Census Handbook, Census of India Decadal (2011) 61.79 57.01 62.66
E.3 Households with computer/laptop with internet connection (%) District Census Handbook, Census of India Decadal (2011) 8.45 0.44 9.90

Climate

Climate data for Ahmedabad
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.3
(82.9)
30.4
(86.7)
35.6
(96.1)
39.8
(103.6)
41.5
(106.7)
38.4
(101.1)
33.4
(92.1)
31.8
(89.2)
34.0
(93.2)
35.8
(96.4)
32.8
(91.0)
29.3
(84.7)
41.5
(106.7)
Average low °C (°F) 20.1
(68.2)
13.9
(57.0)
18.9
(66.0)
23.7
(74.7)
26.2
(79.2)
27.2
(81.0)
25.6
(78.1)
24.6
(76.3)
24.2
(75.6)
21.1
(70.0)
16.6
(61.9)
13.2
(55.8)
11.8
(53.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 2.0
(0.08)
1.0
(0.04)
0
(0)
3.0
(0.12)
20
(0.8)
103.0
(4.06)
247.0
(9.72)
288.0
(11.34)
83.0
(3.27)
23.0
(0.91)
14.0
(0.55)
5.0
(0.20)
789
(31.1)
Average rainy days (≥ 0 mm) 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.9 4.8 13.6 15.0 5.8 1.1 1.1 0.3 43.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 288.3 274 279 307 329 237.0 130 111.6 222 291 273 288.3 3,020
Source: HKO[9]

Divisions

Map of Ahmedabad district under Bombay Presidency, British India 1877
Map of Ahmedabad district under Bombay Presidency, British India 1877
Talukas of Ahmedabad district
Talukas of Ahmedabad district

Following are the talukas of Ahmedabad district:

Talukas in Ahmedabad City - East

  1. Maninagar
  2. Asarwa
  3. Vatva

Talukas in Ahmedabad City - West

  1. Vejalpur
  2. Sabarmati
  3. Ghatlodiya

Talukas in Ahmedabad Suburban

  1. Daskroi
  2. Sanand

Talukas in Rural North Ahmedabad

  1. Viramgam
  2. Detroj-Rampura
  3. Mandal

Talukas in Rural South Ahmedabad

  1. Bavla
  2. Dholka
  3. Dhandhuka
  4. Dholera

Politics

This section is transcluded from 15th Gujarat Assembly. (edit | history)

No. Constituency Name Party Remarks
39 Viramgam Hardik Patel BJP
40 Sanand Kanubhai Patel BJP
41 Ghatlodia Bhupendrabhai Patel BJP Chief Minister [10]
42 Vejalpur Amit Thaker BJP
43 Vatva Babusinh Jadav BJP
44 Ellisbridge Amit Shah BJP
45 Naranpura Jitu Bhagat BJP
46 Nikol Jagdish Vishwakarma BJP MoS(I/C)
47 Naroda Payal Kukrani BJP
48 Thakkarbapa Nagar Kanchanben Radadiya BJP
49 Bapunagar Dineshsinh Kushwaha BJP
50 Amraiwadi Dr. Hasmukh Patel BJP
51 Dariapur Kaushik Jain BJP
52 Jamalpur-Khadiya Imran Khedavala INC
53 Maninagar Amul Bhatt BJP
54 Danilimda (SC) Shailesh Parmar INC
55 Sabarmati Harshad Patel BJP
56 Asarwa (SC) Darshana Vaghela BJP
57 Daskroi Babubhai Patel BJP
58 Dholka Kiritsinh Dabhi BJP
59 Dhandhuka Kalubhai Dabhi BJP

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901681,713—    
1911717,107+0.51%
1921765,900+0.66%
1931850,077+1.05%
19411,178,608+3.32%
19511,516,191+2.55%
19612,016,668+2.89%
19712,765,925+3.21%
19813,706,573+2.97%
19914,631,351+2.25%
20015,893,164+2.44%
20117,214,225+2.04%
source:[11]

According to the 2011 census Ahmedabad district has a population of 7,214,225,[1] roughly equal to Hong Kong[12] or the U.S. state of Washington.[13] This gives it a ranking of 8th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 983 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,550/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 22.31%.[1] Ahmedabad has a sex ratio of 903 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 86.65%. The divided district has a population of 7,045,313. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 747,806 and 88,911 which is 10.61% and 1.26% of the population respectively.[1]

Religion

Religions in Ahmedabad district (2011)[14]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
83.54%
Islam
12.38%
Jainism
2.96%
Christianity
0.72%
Other or not stated
0.40%

Hindus are 5,885,869 while Muslims are 871,887, Jains are 208,575 and Christians 50,631.[14]

Language

Languages of Ahmedabad district in 2011 census[15]

  Gujarati (74.21%)
  Hindi (16.01%)
  Urdu (2.78%)
  Sindhi (1.80%)
  Marathi (1.64%)
  Marwari (2.09%)
  Other (2.01%)

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  2. ^ Turner, Jane (1996). The Dictionary of Art. Vol. 1. Grove. p. 471. ISBN 978-1-884446-00-9.
  3. ^ Michell, George; Snehal Shah; John Burton-Page; Mehta, Dinesh (28 July 2006). Ahmadabad. Marg Publications. pp. 17–19. ISBN 81-85026-03-3.
  4. ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam (ed.). India Through the Ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 173.
  5. ^ More, Anuj (18 October 2010). "Baba Maneknath's kin keep alive 600-yr old tradition". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 11 April 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
  6. ^ This ambiguity is similar to the case of Tsar Peter the Great naming his new capital "Saint Petersburg", referring officially to Saint Peter but in fact also to himself.
  7. ^ "History of Ahmedabad". Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation, egovamc.com. Archived from the original on 23 February 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  8. ^ "District wise Statistics | NITI Aayog, (National Institution for Transforming India), Government of India". 164.100.94.191. Retrieved 2023-01-05.
  9. ^ "Ahmedabad Climate Record". Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  10. ^ "Bhupendra Patel named Gujarat CM again". news.abplive.com. Retrieved 2022-12-10.
  11. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  12. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Hong Kong 7,122,508 July 2011 est.
  13. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2010-12-25. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Washington 6,724,540
  14. ^ a b "C-16 Population By Religion - Gujarat". census.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.
  15. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  16. ^ "Hemacandra". Jain World. Archived from the original on April 29, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-06.

Coordinates: 23°02′N 72°35′E / 23.03°N 72.58°E / 23.03; 72.58