Governor of Meghalaya
Incumbent
Phagu Chauhan
since 13 February 2023
StyleHis Excellency
ResidenceRaj Bhavan; Shillong
AppointerPresident of India
Term lengthFive Years
Inaugural holderBraj Kumar Nehru
Formation21 January 1972; 52 years ago (1972-01-21)
Websitemeggovernor.gov.in

The Governor of Meghalaya is the nominal head of state of the Indian state of Meghalaya and a representative of the president of India. The governor is appointed by the president for a term of five years and remains in office at the pleasure of the president. The official residence of the governor is Raj Bhavan.

The position of the governor of Meghalaya came into existence following the creation of the state in January 1972 as a result of the bifurcation of Assam. The first governor was Braj Kumar Nehru, then governor of Assam who held the additional charge of the governor of the newly created state of Meghalaya from 21 January 1972 until his transfer on 19 September 1973. From 1972 until 1989, the Governor of Assam held the additional charge of the Governor of Meghalaya. The first full-time governor of the state was A. A. Rahim who served from 27 July 1989 until 8 May 1990.

The current governor is Phagu Chauhan who has been in office since 18 February 2023 and had previously served as the Governor of Bihar. The longest-serving governor of the state is M. M. Jacob who served for 11 years, 296 days from 19 June 1995 until retiring on 11 April 2007.

History

The position of the Governor of Meghalaya came into existence after the creation of Meghalaya as in independent state on 21 January 1972. The inaugural holder of the office was Braj Kumar Nehru, the Governor of Assam who held the charge of the Governor of Meghalaya until his transfer in September 1973. His successors in Assam, namely Lallan Prasad Singh, Prakash Mehrotra, Justice Tribeni Sahai Misra (Acting), Bhishma Narain Singh and Harideo Joshi concurrently held the additional charge of the Governor of Meghalaya. The first full-time governor was appointed in July 1989 with A. A. Rahim who served until May 1990. Since then, Meghalaya has had all full-time governors, except for few occasions.

Following the retirement of M. M. Jacob, the state's longest serving governor in 2007, then Manipur Governor Shivinder Singh Sidhu held the additional charge as the state's governor from 29 October 2007 until the appointment of Ranjit Shekhar Mooshahary on 30 June 2008. West Bengal Governor Keshari Nath Tripathi held the additional charge of the governorship from 6 January 2015 until 19 May 2015 after then governor Krishan Kant Paul was appointed as Governor of Uttarakhand. Assam Governor Banwarilal Purohit held the additional charge of the state's governor from 27 January 2017 till 5 October 2017 after the resignation of V. Shanmuganathan, while Arunachal Governor B. D. Mishra held the charge of the state's governorship from 4 October 2022 till 13 February 2023 following the retirement of Satyapal Malik.

Powers and functions

See also: Governors of India § Powers and functions

The governor enjoys many different types of powers:

Apart from enjoying various constitutional powers, the governor of Meghalaya also the Chief Rector of the North Eastern Hill University, the sole central university in the state.

List of governors

This is a list of the governors of Meghalaya state in northeastern India. Meghalaya became an autonomous state within Assam on 1 April 1970 and a separate state on 21 January 1972.[1]

Key
Legend
No. Portrait Name
(born – died)
Home state Tenure in office Immediate prior position held Appointed by
From To Time in office
1 Braj Kumar Nehru
ICS (Retd.)
Governor of Assam
(1909–2001)
Uttar Pradesh 21 January
1972
18 September
1973
1 year, 240 days Governor of Assam (continued) V. V. Giri
(President)
2 Lallan Prasad Singh
ICS (Retd.)
Governor of Assam
(1912–1998)
Bihar 19 September
1973
10 August
1981
7 years, 325 days Governor of Assam (continued)
3 Prakash Mehrotra
Governor of Assam
(1925–1988)
Uttar Pradesh 11 August
1981
28 March
1984[§]
2 years, 230 days Governor of Assam (continued) Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
(President)
Justice
Tribeni Sahai Misra
Chief Justice of Gauhati High Court &
Acting Governor of Assam
(1922–2005)

(Acting)
Uttar Pradesh 29 March
1984
15 April
1984
17 days Chief Justice of Gauhati High Court and
Acting Governor of Assam (continued)
Zail Singh
(President)
4 Bhishma Narain Singh
Governor of Assam
(1933–2018)
Bihar 16 April
1984
10 May
1989
5 years, 24 days Governor of Assam (continued)
5 Harideo Joshi
Governor of Assam
(1920–1995)
Rajasthan 11 May
1989
21 July
1989
71 days Governor of Assam (continued) Ramaswamy Venkataraman
(President)
6 A. A. Rahim
(1920–1995)
Kerala 27 July
1989
8 May
1990
285 days Union Minister of State for External Affairs (until 1984)
7 Madhukar Dighe
(1920–2014)
Uttar Pradesh 9 May
1990
18 June
1995
5 years, 40 days Cabinet Minister of Finance, Uttar Pradesh (until 1979)
8 M. M. Jacob
(1926–2018)
Kerala 19 June
1995
11 April
2007
11 years, 296 days Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha Shankar Dayal Sharma
(President)
9 Banwari Lal Joshi
IPS (Retd.)
(1936–2017)
Rajasthan 12 April
2007
28 October
2007
199 days Lieutenant Governor of Delhi A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
(President)
Shivinder Singh Sidhu
IAS (Retd.)
Governor of Manipur
(1929–2018)

(Additional Charge)
Punjab 29 October
2007
30 June
2008
245 days Governor of Manipur (continued) Pratibha Patil
(President)
10 Ranjit Shekhar Mooshahary
IPS (Retd.)
(born 1947)
Assam 1 July
2008
30 June
2013
4 years, 364 days Chief Information Commissioner, Assam
11 Krishan Kant Paul
IPS (Retd.)
(born 1948)
Chandigarh 1 July
2013
6 January
2015
1 year, 189 days Member, Union Public Service Commission Pranab Mukherjee
(President)
Keshari Nath Tripathi
Governor of West Bengal
(1934–2023)

(Additional Charge)
Uttar Pradesh 6 January
2015
19 May
2015
133 days Governor of West Bengal (continued)
12 V. Shanmuganathan
(born 1949)
Tamil Nadu 20 May
2015
27 January
2017[§]
1 year, 252 days
Banwarilal Purohit
Governor of Assam
(born 1940)

(Additional Charge)
Maharashtra 27 January
2017
5 October
2017
251 days Governor of Assam (continued)
13 Ganga Prasad
(born 1939)
Bihar 5 October
2017
25 August
2018
324 days Member, Bihar Legislative Council Ram Nath Kovind
(President)
14 Tathagata Roy
(born 1945)
West Bengal 25 August
2018
18 December
2019
1 year, 115 days Governor of Tripura
R. N. Ravi
IPS (Retd.)
Governor of Nagaland
(born 1952)

(Acting)
Bihar 18 December
2019
26 January
2020
39 days Governor of Nagaland (continued)
(14) Tathagata Roy
(born 1945)
West Bengal 27 January
2020
18 August
2020
204 days Governor of Meghalaya
15 Satya Pal Malik
(born 1946)
Uttar Pradesh 18 August
2020
3 October
2022
2 years, 46 days Governor of Goa
Brigadier (Retd.)
B. D. Mishra
Governor of Arunachal Pradesh
(born 1939)

(Additional Charge)
Uttar Pradesh 4 October
2022
13 February
2023
132 days Governor of Arunachal Pradesh (continued)
16 Phagu Chauhan
(born 1948)
Uttar Pradesh 18 February 2023 Incumbent 341 days Governor of Bihar Droupadi Murmu
(President)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Past Governors: Raj Bhavan, Meghalaya". meggovernor.gov.in. Retrieved 31 December 2016.