Klang Valley Integrated Transit System
Rapid KL Express Rail Link KTM Komuter
Overview
Native nameSistem Transit Bersepadu Lembah Klang (Malay)
LocaleKlang Valley
Transit typeCommuter rail, rapid transit & bus rapid transit
Number of lines11
Number of stations177 transit stations
Daily ridership822,929 (2023)[1]
(only RapidKL)
Annual ridership248,434,575 (2023)[2]
Websitehttps://myrapid.com.my/
Operation
Began operation14 August 1995; 28 years ago (1995-08-14)
Operator(s)
Technical
System length555.7 km (345 mi)
Track gauge
  • 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in)
  • 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
  • Straddle beam monorail
  • Fully elevated single carriageway
Electrification

The Klang Valley Integrated Transit System is an integrated transport network that primarily serves the area of Klang Valley and Greater Kuala Lumpur. The system currently consists of 12 fully operating rail lines; two commuter rail lines, six rapid transit lines, one bus rapid transit line and two airport rail links to the Kuala Lumpur International Airport's (KLIA) Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, and another one to the Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport.

History

Klang Valley Integrated Transit System Timeline

STAR LRT, a light metro system, was first conceived in the 1981 Transport Master Plan, when the Malaysian government proposed a network of LRT lines connecting Kuala Lumpur city centre with the surrounding areas. An agreement was signed between the government and STAR in 1992.[3]

The first rail transit system to provide local rail services in Kuala Lumpur and the surrounding Klang Valley suburban areas was introduced in 1995 as the KTM Komuter.[citation needed] A year later in December 1996, STAR LRT entered into service, followed by the PUTRA LRT which opened in stages beginning September 1998.[4]

The initial plan was for STAR and PUTRA to build, own and manage the LRTs. However, both companies ran into financial difficulties and were heavily in debt by 2001, which lead to the taking over of both LRTs the government via Syarikat Prasarana Negara Bhd, now known as Prasarana Malaysia Bhd.[5][6] The LRT lines were subsequently renamed to Ampang and Sri Petaling Line and Kelana Jaya Line respectively.

In April 2002, Express Rail Link, which began construction in May 1997, entered into service. The line connects KL Sentral to the newly built Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA).

In 2003, the KL Monorail opened to service. However, the operator and owner of the line KL Monorail System Sdn Bhd quickly ran into financial difficulties and the service was again tookover by Prasarana in 2007.[7]

In 2015, the BRT Sunway Line entered into service, serving the densely populated Sunway area.[8]

In 2016, the Sri Petaling Line was extended to Putra Height with 11 new stations. The Kelana Jaya Line was similarly extended to Putra Height with 17 new stations. The extension of both lines serve the Puchong Jaya and Subang Jaya areas.[9][10]

On 16 December 2016, Phase 1 of the Kajang Line which spans 23 km from opened between Sungai Buloh to Semantan. On 17 July 2017, Phase Two of the line from Semantan to Kajang began operations.[11]

The MRT Putrajaya Line was official launched on 16 June 2022 at 3pm.[12] Phase 2 of the line was subsequently launched on 16 March 2023.[13]

The Shah Alam line which is still under construction as of February 2024 is scheduled to open on March 2025.[14]

Integration

Initially, different competing companies operated the various transit systems and had developed these rail and bus systems separately and at various times. As a result, many of these systems did not integrate well with the others, making transferring from system to system inconvenient for passengers. Aggravated by Kuala Lumpur's poor pedestrian network, moving from one rail system to another often required a lot of walking, stair-climbing, and escalator-use.

Since 28 November 2011, the paid areas of shared stations along the Rapid KL system for the Kelana Jaya Line, Ampang Line, and Sri Petaling Line, as well as the KL Monorail from 1 March 2012, have been integrated physically under a common ticketing system, effectively making those stations interchange stations. This enables commuters to transfer between lines the interchange stations without buying a new ticket each time, provided that they do not exit the paid area. This is currently possible at the Titiwangsa, Hang Tuah, Putra Heights, and Masjid Jamek stations. With the opening of the latest rapid transit lines on 17 July 2017 and 16 June 2022, the Kajang Line and Putrajaya Line respectively, the integrated system has been expanded to Pasar Seni, Merdeka-Plaza Rakyat, Maluri, Tun Razak Exchange, Chan Sow Lin and Sungai Besi stations, and to USJ 7 station with the launching of the BRT Sunway Line.

Fares

The Touch 'n Go stored value fare card is accepted as a mode of payment on the Rapid Bus system, LRT, MRT, BRT, and monorail lines, as well as the KTM Komuter, easing the hassle of buying separate tickets for travelling on different networks. However, the fare integration for the Rapid KL system does not include other rail systems such as KTM Komuter and Express Rail Link.

Rapid Rail, the operator of the LRT, MRT, monorail, BRT lines, and Rapid Bus (which covers about 70% of the Klang Valley's bus network), provide a daily and monthly pass than cost RM5 and RM50 respectively.[15]

Since February 2024, KTM Kommuter services started accepting credit and debit card as payment method, including NFC based mobile payment services such as Apple Pay, Google Pay and Samsung Pay.[16] RapidKL services are slated to follow suit with the implementation of open payment system starting March 2024 and concluding by March 2025.[17]

System network

See also: List of rail transit stations in Klang Valley

Map
Railway lines around Klang Valley

The KTM Komuter, a commuter rail service, provide local rail services in Kuala Lumpur and the surrounding Klang Valley suburban areas. Light rapid transit (LRT) lines and monorail line were introduced later on to serve the urban Kuala Lumpur area and its satellite towns. (i.e. Ampang, Petaling Jaya, Subang Jaya, Puchong, Gombak, etc) The mass rapid transit (MRT) lines aims to connect the outskirts of the Klang Valley (i.e. Damansara, Sungai Buloh, Putrajaya, Kajang) with the city centre. Malaysia's first bus rapid transit (BRT) line was introduced to ease pedestrian traffic in Bandar Sunway, a thriving leisure and entertainment township in Subang Jaya. 2 airport rail links connect the city centre with the 2 major airports of the Klang Valley, two to the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) Terminal 1 and 2, and one to the Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport.

Line Number Line Name Began Operation Last Extension Terminus Stations Length
(km)
System Depots Operator
1 Batu Caves-Pulau Sebang Line 14 August 1995; 28 years ago (1995-08-14) August 2010[note 1] Batu Caves Pulau Sebang/Tampin 27 135.6 Commuter rail
(S-train)
• Sentul
• Seremban
KTM
2 Tanjung Malim-Port Klang Line 12 July 2016[note 2] Tanjung Malim Port Klang 34 127.5
3 Ampang Line 16 December 1996; 27 years ago (1996-12-16) 6 December 1998 Sentul Timur Ampang 18 15 Light metro • Ampang
• Kuala Sungai Baru
Rapid Rail
4 Sri Petaling Line 1 December 2016 Putra Heights 29 37.6
5 Kelana Jaya Line 1 September 1998; 25 years ago (1998-09-01) 30 June 2016 Gombak 37 46.4[18] • Subang
6 KLIA Ekspres 14 April 2002; 21 years ago (2002-04-14) 1 May 2014 KL Sentral klia2 3 59.1 Express Airport rail link • Salak Tinggi ERL
7 KLIA Transit 6 Airport rail link
8 KL Monorail 31 August 2003; 20 years ago (2003-08-31) - Titiwangsa 11 8.6[19] Monorail • Brickfields Rapid Rail
9 Kajang Line 16 December 2016; 7 years ago (2016-12-16) 17 July 2017 Kwasa Damansara Kajang 29 51[20] Rapid transit Sungai Buloh
Kajang
10 KL Sentral-Terminal Skypark Line 1 May 2018; 5 years ago (2018-05-01)[note 3] - KL Sentral Terminal Skypark 3 24.5 Airport rail link (Limited express) • Sentul KTM
12 Putrajaya Line 16 June 2022; 20 months ago (2022-06-16) 16 March 2023 Kwasa Damansara Putrajaya Sentral 36 57.7 Rapid transit Sungai Buloh
Serdang
Rapid Rail
B1 BRT Sunway Line 2 June 2015; 8 years ago (2015-06-02) - Sunway-Setia Jaya USJ 7 7 5.6 Bus rapid transit • Sunway Rapid Bus
Total 176[note 4] 528.4

Proposed and future lines

Klang Valley Integrated Transit System Map that include proposed and current lines
Klang Valley Integrated Transit System Map that include proposed and current lines

The fourth LRT line, the Shah Alam Line is also under the construction phase.[21] The construction of the third KVMRT line, the Circle Line is expected to commence in 2024.[22]

Line Number Line Name Stations Length Status Planned Opening Terminus
11 Shah Alam Line 25 37 km Under Construction 1 March 2025  KG09   SA01 
Bandar Utama
 SA26 
Johan Setia
13 Circle Line 31 50.8 km Approved and awaiting for tender stage[23] Phase 1: December 2028  CC01   KG12A 
Bukit Kiara Selatan
TBA
Phase 2: 2030 TBA  CC31  UM
14 Putrajaya Monorail 25 TBA Under planning for new proposed LRT line[24][25] TBA  KB06   KG35 
Kajang
Bandar Cyberjaya
B2 BRT Federal Line 24 32.52 km Shelved on 28 November 2017 N/A  KJ14   KG16   FB01 
Pasar Seni
 KD14   SA20   FB24 
Klang

Rolling stock

Line Code Line Name Formation In service
On order
Rolling Stock Manufacturers Image
1 Batu Caves-Pulau Sebang Line 6 carriage EMU 37 trainsets (222 car) KTM Class 92 China CRRC Zhuzhou
2 Tanjung Malim-Port Klang Line
3 Ampang Line 6 carriage high-floor LRV 50 trainsets (300 car) CRRC Zhuzhou LRV "AMY"
4 Sri Petaling Line
5 Kelana Jaya Line 2 carriage Linear induction EMU 35 trainsets (70 car) Bombardier Innovia ART 200 Canada Bombardier
4 carriage Linear induction EMU 35 trainsets (140 car)
14 trainsets (56 car)
27 trainsets (108 car)
Bombardier Innovia Metro 300 *Consortium
Canada Bombardier / Malaysia Hartasuma
6 KLIA Ekspres 4 carriage EMU 8 trainsets (32 car) Siemens Desiro ET 425 M Germany Siemens Mobility
2 trainsets (8 car) CRRC Changchun "Equator EMU" China CRRC Changchun
7 KLIA Transit 4 trainsets (16 car) Siemens Desiro ET 425 M Germany Siemens Mobility
4 trainsets (16 car) CRRC Changchun "Equator EMU" China CRRC Changchun
8 KL Monorail Malaysia Scomi Rail 4 carriage monorail EMU 9 trainsets (36 car) Scomi SUTRA
9 Kajang Line 4 carriage EMU 58 trainsets (232 car) Siemens Inspiro "The Guiding Light" *Consortium
Germany Siemens / China CRRC Nanjing Puzhen / Malaysia SMH Rail
10 KL Sentral-Terminal Skypark Line 3 carriage EMU 4 trainsets (12 car) KTM Class 83 South Korea Hyundai Precision / Japan Marubeni
11 Shah Alam Line 3 carriage LRV 25 trainsets (75 car) CRRC Zhuzhou LRV *Consortium
China CRRC Zhuzhou / China Siemens Ltd China / Malaysia Tegap Dinamik
12 Putrajaya Line 4 carriage EMU 49 trainsets (196 car) Hyundai Rotem EMU "Ducky" *Consortium
South Korea Hyundai Rotem / Malaysia Apex Communications / South Korea POSCO Engineering
B1 BRT Sunway Line Single-deck bus 15 battery run-electric bus BYD K9 China BYD Auto

Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ Batu Caves branch line formerly under Port Klang Line
  2. ^ Train service of Port Klang Line extend to Tanjung Malim
  3. ^ Use the same KTM track for Subang Jaya-KL Sentral section
  4. ^ Counting interchange stations (direct and connecting) only once.

References

  1. ^ "Rapid Rail Performance Update".
  2. ^ "Rail Services Performance".
  3. ^ An LRT-Bus strategy for greater Kuala Lumpur: What future integration?, page 9-10
  4. ^ "Klang Valley urban rail service turns 10 - Community | The Star Online". web.archive.org. 25 April 2017. Retrieved 17 February 2024.
  5. ^ "Cover Story: Malaysian rail's chequered past". The Edge Malaysia. Retrieved 17 February 2024.
  6. ^ LRT to be bailed out, govt confirms
  7. ^ "Syarikat Prasarana Negara in talks to take over KL monorail". The Edge. Kuala Lumpur. 24 April 2007. Archived from the original on 27 April 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2007.
  8. ^ menon, priya. "Bandar Sunway folk can now beat the jam". The Star. Retrieved 17 February 2024.
  9. ^ "Temporary suspension of LRT Ampang, Sri Petaling lines". The Star. Kuala Lumpur. 17 June 2016.
  10. ^ "Alternate Train Service from Putra Heights from 30 June 2016". RapidKL. 29 June 2016. Archived from the original on 2 July 2016. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  11. ^ "PM picks '17-7-2017' start date for MRT phase two | Malay Mail".
  12. ^ "First phase of Putrajaya Line opens on June 16". Freemalaysiatoday. 21 May 2022. Retrieved 2 June 2022.
  13. ^ "Putrajaya MRT line set for full opening on March 16". Freemalaysiatoday. 3 March 2023. Retrieved 3 March 2023.
  14. ^ "LRT3 Shah Alam Line scheduled to open March 2025 - paultan.org". Paul Tan's Automotive News. 4 July 2023. Retrieved 17 February 2024.
  15. ^ "My50". MyRapid. Retrieved 17 February 2024.
  16. ^ Feb 09, seitha on; Pm, 2024 at 4:09 (9 February 2024). "KTM open payment system launched - debit/credit cards, Apple/Samsung Pay for Komuter; ETS excluded - paultan.org". Paul Tan's Automotive News. Retrieved 17 February 2024.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  17. ^ "Rapid KL To Start Work On Open Payment System From March 2024 - Lowyat.NET". 26 October 2023. Retrieved 17 February 2024.
  18. ^ "Kelana Jaya Line". Prasarana Malaysia. Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  19. ^ "KL Monorail Line". Syarikat Prasarana Negara. Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  20. ^ Razak Ahmad, Hemananthani Sivanandam (17 July 2017). "Najib launches Phase 2 of Sungai Buloh-Kajang MRT line". The Star.
  21. ^ Ali, Sharidan M (13 December 2014). "Prasarana to roll out LRT 3 projects by second half of 2015 - Business News | The Star Online". Thestar.com.my. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  22. ^ "MASS RAPID TRANSIT LINE 3: CIRCLE LINE - DRAFT". Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  23. ^ "MRT 3 tender to be opened this year, says Dr Wee". The Star. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  24. ^ "Kajang-Putrajaya rail link may be revived | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my.
  25. ^ Sulaiman, Noor Atiqah (19 April 2019). "Monorail project in Putrajaya to go on". NST Online.