Heydar Aliyev International Airport

Heydər Əliyev adına Beynəlxalq Hava Limanı
Baku Airport Logo.png
GYD (2).jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGovernment of Azerbaijan
OperatorAzerbaijan Airlines
ServesBaku
LocationBaku, Azerbaijan
Opened1933[1]
Hub for
Elevation AMSL3 m / 10 ft
Coordinates40°28′03″N 050°02′48″E / 40.46750°N 50.04667°E / 40.46750; 50.04667
Websiteairport.az
Map
GYD/UBBB is located in Azerbaijan
GYD/UBBB
GYD/UBBB
Location in Azerbaijan
GYD/UBBB is located in West and Central Asia
GYD/UBBB
GYD/UBBB
GYD/UBBB (West and Central Asia)
GYD/UBBB is located in Asia
GYD/UBBB
GYD/UBBB
GYD/UBBB (Asia)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
16/34 3,995[2] 13,107 Asphalt/concrete
17/35 3,200 10,499 Asphalt/concrete
Statistics (2019)
Passengers4,730,000
Passenger changeIncrease7.0%
Source: [1] www.airportbaku.com, Azerbaijanian AIP at EUROCONTROL[3] ACI's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report

Heydar Aliyev International Airport (Azerbaijani: Heydar Aliyev adına Beynəlxalq Hava Limanı) (IATA: GYD, ICAO: UBBB) is one of the seven international airports serving Azerbaijan. Formerly, it was called Bina International Airport after a suburb of Baku. On 10 March 2004, the airport was renamed after Heydar Aliyev. The airport is 20 kilometers northeast of Azerbaijan capital Baku, connected to the city by a highway. The airport serves as the hub for national carriers Azerbaijan Airlines and Buta Airways.

Facilities

Terminals

The airport consists of two passenger terminals, Terminal 1 being the newer one, and two cargo terminals.

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 was commissioned in April 2014. Its total area is 65,000 square meters. The terminal is designed for 6 million passengers per year. It currently serves up to 3 million passengers annually. The total parking area is 20,000 square meters for 600 vehicles.[citation needed] The airport has a wide range of shops, restaurants, cafés, and duty-free stores in both the departures and arrivals areas. Terminal 1 contains five lounges and a spa.[4] Terminal 1 operates jet bridges capable of receiving 12 aircraft simultaneously. Two jet bridges are intended for accommodating the world's largest passenger aircraft, the Airbus A380.

Terminal 1’s four-level engineering concept was developed in 2010 by Arup Group with a tricorn shape and semi-transparent roof. The interior, designed by Turkish company AUTOBAN, has a series of oak-veneer “cocoons”.[citation needed] There is Vanderlande baggage handling system in Terminal 1, as well as L-3 equipment for thorough baggage inspection and scanners designed to obtain a layered image of the internal structure of the object.[citation needed] 30 Schindler escalators and 21 elevators are installed in Terminal 1. Terminal 1 is equipped with a Building Management System (BMS) which is designed to automate processes and operations that are implemented in modern buildings and is the technical basis of the so-called intelligent buildings. Also, Terminal 1 is equipped with a separate system of resource support, such as electricity, lighting, ventilation, heating, air conditioning, water supply, and sewerage.[citation needed]

Terminal 2

Architect Viktor Denisov is the author of the project of Terminal 2, which currently serves both domestic flights (South entrance) and international flights of low-cost airlines (North entrance). The project was awarded the first prize in a competition in 1981 and was implemented in 1989.

Cargo

The cargo terminal was opened on March 23, 2005. Terminal building houses companies such as Silk Way Airlines, Imair Air Company, Euroasian Air Services, Lufthansa Cargo and Panalpina. The terminal claims to be able to serve nine Boeing 747, Antonov An-124 or fifteen Ilyushin Il-76-type aircraft simultaneously.[5]

Runways

The airport has two runways; Runway 16/34 is 3,995 by 60 m (13,107 by 197 ft), runway 17/35 is 3,200 by 45 m (10,499 by 148 ft).[6]

Hotels

Sheraton Baku Airport Hotel with 205 rooms is located on the territory of Heydar Aliyev International Airport.

Passengers with children

International Terminal provides a baby care room, play area as well as diaper changing tables.

Services for passengers with reduced mobility

The airport provides personal assistance to passengers with disabilities, special parking spaces, information desks and check-in counters, 24/7 medical centre service, if necessary, and ambulifts for pickup on board aircraft. Airport staff will escort registered passengers to the lounge and then to the boarding gate.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens (resumes 22 May 2023)[7]
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Arabia Sharjah
Air Arabia Abu Dhabi Abu Dhabi[8]
Air Astana Almaty, Nur-Sultan[9]
Air Cairo Sharm El Sheikh
Air Moldova Chișinău (begins 28 March 2023)[10]
airBaltic Riga (begins 17 May 2023)[11]
AnadoluJet Ankara,[12][13] Antalya,[14] Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen[15]
Arkia Seasonal: Tel Aviv[16]
Azerbaijan Airlines Almaty,[17] Ankara, Beijing–Capital, Berlin, Delhi,[18] Dubai–International, Ganja, Istanbul, Kyiv–Boryspil (suspended), London–Heathrow, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Vnukovo, Mumbai,[19] Nakhchivan, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Qabala, Saint Petersburg, Samarkand,[20] Tashkent,[21] Tbilisi,[22] Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv
Seasonal: Antalya, Bahrain, Bodrum, Dalaman, Izmir, Kuwait City,[23] Lviv (suspended), Sharm El Sheikh[24]
Charter: Xi'an[25]
Seasonal charter: Cairo,[26] Dammam,[27] Gassim, Hofuf,[27] Jeddah, Riyadh,[27] Qassim[27]
Azimuth Astrakhan, Mineralnye Vody, Rostov-on-Don,[28] Sochi
Belavia Minsk
Buta Airways Ankara, Astrakhan,[29] Bahrain,[30] Dammam,[31][32] Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Kazan, Mineralnye Vody, Moscow–Vnukovo, Riyadh,[31] St. Petersburg, Tbilisi, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Ufa
Seasonal: Batumi,[33] Gazipaşa, Sofia
China Southern Airlines Ürümqi
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
FlyArystan Aktau
flydubai Dubai–International
flynas Seasonal: Dammam, Jeddah,[34] Riyadh[35]
Gulf Air Bahrain[36]
IrAero Chelyabinsk,[37] Novosibirsk, Orenburg,[38] Rostov-on-Don,[39] Samara
Seasonal: Yekaterinburg[40]
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Erbil, Sulaymaniyah[41]
Israir Tel Aviv
Jazeera Airways Kuwait City
Kuwait Airways Kuwait City[42]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt
NordStar Norilsk, Ufa
Nordwind Airlines Kazan, Krasnodar, Mineralnye Vody, Nizhny Novgorod, Orenburg, Perm, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Sochi, St. Petersburg,[43] Ufa, Vladikavkaz
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad,[44] Karachi,[45] Lahore[46]
Pegasus Airlines Ankara,[47] Gazipaşa, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir[48]
Qatar Airways Doha
S7 Airlines Makhachkala, Mineralnye Vody, Moscow–Domodedovo, Novosibirsk
Salam Air Seasonal: Muscat[49]
SCAT Airlines Aktau
Seasonal charter: Sharm El Sheikh[50]
SkyUp Lviv (suspended)
Smartavia Saint Petersburg[51]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Seasonal: Antalya[52]
Ukraine International Airlines Kyiv–Boryspil (suspended)
Ural Airlines Kaluga, Krasnoyarsk–International, Mineralnye Vody, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Perm, Samara, Yekaterinburg
Utair Moscow–Vnukovo, Surgut
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent
Wizz Air Abu Dhabi,[53] Budapest

Cargo

AirlinesDestinations
Nippon Cargo Airlines[54] Tokyo–Narita
Silk Way West Airlines[55] Aktau, Amsterdam, Atyrau, Baghdad, Bagram, Bishkek, Chicago–O'Hare,[56] Dallas/Fort Worth, Dhaka, Djibouti City, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Dubai–International, Hahn, Hong Kong, Istanbul, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Jakarta Soekarno-hatta, Kabul (suspended), Kandahar, Kuwait City, Kuala Lumpur–International, London–Stansted, Luxembourg, Maastricht/Aachen, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, New York–JFK, Oslo,[57] Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Tbilisi, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv, Tokyo–Narita,[58] Ürümqi

Accolades

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Statistics

Exterior of Terminal 1
Exterior of Terminal 1
Interior of Terminal 1
Interior of Terminal 1
Site map of Baku Airport
Site map of Baku Airport


Annual passenger traffic at GYD airport. See Wikidata query.
Traffic by calendar year, official statistics
Passengers
2016[60] 3,260,000
2017[61] 4,060,000
2018[62] 4,430,000
2019[63] 4,730,000

Transport

Bus and taxi

BakuBus H1 buses run 24 hours a day from 28 May Metro Station to Baku Airport. The traffic interval is 30 minutes in the afternoon and hourly at night. The airport is reached from Baku (and back) by private taxi in about 20 minutes.

Transport and parking

The airport can be reached by car from the capital either on the airport highway via Heydar Aliyev Avenue, or on Zikh highway via Nobel Avenue. Parking is available in lots at each terminal, with a total capacity of 1,600 vehicles.

See also

References

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