Strigino International Airport

Международный аэропорт Стригино
Strigino Official Logo.jpg
Nizhny Novgorod International Airport (Strigino) - new terminal (2).jpg
Summary
Airport typeInternational
OwnerJSC "Nizhny Novgorod International Airport"
OperatorHC Airports of Regions
ServesNizhny Novgorod
LocationNizhny Novgorod, Russia
Elevation AMSL256 ft / 78 m
Coordinates56°13′48″N 043°47′12″E / 56.23000°N 43.78667°E / 56.23000; 43.78667Coordinates: 56°13′48″N 043°47′12″E / 56.23000°N 43.78667°E / 56.23000; 43.78667
Websitegoj.aero
Map
GOJ is located in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
GOJ
GOJ
Location of the airport in Nizhniy Novgorod Oblast
GOJ is located in European Russia
GOJ
GOJ
Location of the airport in Russia
GOJ is located in Europe
GOJ
GOJ
Location of the airport in Europe
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 500 1,640 Asphalt
15/33 600 1,969 Asphalt
18R/36L 2,805 9,203 Concrete
18L/36R 2,509 8,232 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passenger Traffic1,134,534
Aircraft TrafficIncrease 9,449
Time ZoneUTC +4
Operating Time24/7, All Year
Sources: Russian Federal Air Transport Agency (see also provisional 2018 statistics)[1]
Airport View from the air
Airport View from the air
The old terminal of Nizhny Novgorod - Strigino.
The old terminal of Nizhny Novgorod - Strigino.
Apron bus at Nizhy Novgorod - Strigino.
Apron bus at Nizhy Novgorod - Strigino.

Strigino Airport (Russian: Аэропорт Стригино (IATA: GOJ, ICAO: UWGG)) (also referred to as Nizhny Novgorod International Airport (Russian: Международный аэропорт Нижний Новгород)) is the international airport serving the city of Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. It is located on the outskirts of the city's Avtozavodsky District, 14 km (8.5 mi) southwest of city centre. Strigino is responsible for serving the 3,281,000 residents of the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast.

Description

Strigino was officially exploited on 23 July 1923, as a domestic airport. Nizhny Novgorod International Airport is one of the oldest airports in Russia. In 2013, Strigino served 917,424 passengers, a +22.8% increase from the passenger traffic of 2012. Nizhny Novgorod's airport served 777,134 (+29.6%) passengers as of 1 September 2014. Strigino is one of the top 25 busiest airports in Russia. Its extraordinarily rapid increase in passenger traffic rate (≤+20.0% annually) is speculated to bring it to top 10 busiest airports in Russia by 2020.

History

1923–1994

It is unknown when the first aerodrome in Nizhny Novgorod was built, but its location was 0.5 km north from where the "Moscow" movie theater stands today. This aerodrome was named Nizhny Novgorod Airport. On 23 July 1923, the first domestic and regular flight in Russia was from Khodynka Airport, Moscow, to Nizhny Novgorod Airport, Nizhny Novgorod. The flight was carried on a 4-seated Junkers F. 13.

In 1937, due to Gorky's (Nizhny Novgorod's official name between 1932 and 1990) spontaneous population increase, the USSR Council of Ministers ordered that a new aerodrome was to be built outside the city's municipal district. In 1938, the new "Strigino" airport completed construction. Today, Nizhny Novgorod International Airport is still located in the same general location as the Strigino airport. The new runways could handle the Douglas DC-3, Junker F. 13, Junker A. 35, and other light-weight aircraft.

In World War 2, the airport served as an air base for the 201st air division. In 1950, 5 years after the war, the division was regrouped into the 148th air division and relocated to air bases in the Far East.

In 1963, a new domestic terminal began construction. The terminal completed construction in 1965, and had its first passengers that same year. This terminal is still used today as Strigino's main facility for departures and arrivals. Also in 1963, a new enterprise "Nizhny Novgorod United Air Group" was formed. This group operated the airport from 1963 to 1994. From 1966 to 1973, a new administrative zone, repair hangar, cargo terminal, and hostel completed construction. Additionally, Strigino's apron was expanded and runway lengthened and reinforced.

Between 1976 and 1983, a second concrete runway finished optimization and a 6-storey "Aeroflot" hotel was built. In 1989, Strigino hit it passenger traffic record of approximately 1,030,000. Renovations of Terminal A (main terminal) was made in 1991 after the dissolution of the USSR, and in 1993 in preparation for gaining international status.

1994–2011

In 1994, after the fall of the Soviet Union and a rapid increase in international flights, and after the airport passed the ICAO Category I standards, Strigino was given international status. Also in 1994, the "Nizhny Novgorod United Air Group" was split into 3 new companies: the state-owned "Nizhny Novgorod International Airport", the "Nizhny Novgorod Airlines" airline company, and the "Aeronavigation NN".

In 2003, after a steady decrease in passenger traffic and a lack of sufficient funds, Nizhny Novgorod International Airport went bankrupt and was forced to host multiple auctions. In 2004, the traffic rate began to rise again, but at a relatively low pace. This was due to a certain locked cycle involving NN's low potential. Nizhny Novgorod needed more passengers in order to start receiving investments. But in order to have more passengers, a new modern terminal was needed to be built, to set a more pleasant environment. However, there weren't enough funds to build the new terminal, and the cycle refreshes.

2011–present

In 2011, HC Airports of Regions won their bid on the investment project into Nizhny Novgorod International Airport. In 2012, certain renovations were made in order to more efficiently exploit the existing facility whilst the new one was being built.

In June 2014, the construction of the new terminal started. It was planned to be open by December 2015 and to be able to handle around 300 passengers per hour. The second terminal will be built after the 2018 World Cup, which is being hosted by Nizhny Novgorod among other cities, and the aforementioned railway station is planned to be constructed during that time as well. The new terminal was opened on 29 December 2015 when the first flight, from Moscow, was directed there. The airport authority planned to redirect all the domestic flights to the new terminal by February 2016, and all the international flights by April 2016.

Passenger statistics

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Increase 175,385 Increase 197,672 Increase 220,573 Increase 284,520 Increase 356,362 Decrease 299,721 Increase 376,799 Increase 461,424 Increase 747,165 Increase 917,424 Increase 1,131,874

Construction

Terminals

Decision for new terminal

Strigino's intense passenger traffic rate increase provoked an interest from multiple stock companies, including Basel Aero and HC Airports of Regions. AoR (Airports of Regions) won their bid on the investment project in Strigino in 2011. That same year they developed a 10-year reconstruction plan from 2011 to 2021, broken down into 3 phases.

Terminal 1

This is the old terminal building which still works currently, and before the opening of the new terminal in 2016, it used to serve both Domestic and International flights. The current occupation for this terminal is under decision.

Terminal 2

This is the new airport terminal which was constructed on 4 March 2016, where, in the same day, it has begun the testing passenger operations, the real operations commencing is under the decision. The difference between the terminal one and terminal two, is that terminal 2 contains air-bridges and it has a much bigger building. The current occupation for this terminal is under decision.

Railway

It is proposed that Nizhny Novgorod International Airport will in future serve as the 4th airport of Moscow. Certain measures have been taken to cement that idea. It has been officially confirmed that the Moscow to Kazan high-speed rail will pass through the Strigino Airport. The railway will go from Moscow's Kursk Railway Station to the planned railway station 700 m from the airport's new terminal. The ride is estimated at 2 hours. This major project is planned to bring over 6,000,000 passengers from Moscow to Nizhny Novgorod Int. Airport by 2025.

Phase I

Phase I consists of the construction of a new terminal: Terminal B. The terminal will be 27,800 m2 and will have 4 jet bridges, supplied by the ThyssenKrupp company. Terminal B will be 3 stories high, and will be able to support 1,500,000 passengers annually. Phase I also consists of building an 800 slot parking lot with 28 slots for handicapped citizens. The airport's designs were made by the Hintan Associates company. Phase I is set to be done on 31 December 2015.

Phase II/ Phase III

Phase II takes into consideration the construction of a 4-star hotel, the high-speed railway station, and the expansion of the terminal. The expansion consists of an additional 2 jet bridges and 8,000 m2. Phase III includes added 2 more jet bridges and 10,000 m2 of total terminal area, as well as the construction of several business centers and a cargo terminal. Phase II is said to be completed by 2018, whilst Phase III should be completed in 2020.

Airlines and destinations

Rossiya Tupolev Tu-154M landing at Nizhny Novgorod - Strigino.
Rossiya Tupolev Tu-154M landing at Nizhny Novgorod - Strigino.
Volga-Avia Antonov An-24 at Nizhny Novgorod - Strigino.
Volga-Avia Antonov An-24 at Nizhny Novgorod - Strigino.
AirlinesDestinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Azimuth Krasnodar,[2] Mineralnye Vody, Perm, Rostov-on-Don,[3] Saratov,[4] Volgograd
Azur Air Seasonal charter: Dubai–International
Gazpromavia Seasonal: Gelendzhik
IrAero Seasonal: Gelendzhik, Novy Urengoy, Saint Petersburg,[5] Samara
Nordstar Airlines Seasonal: Belgorod, Norilsk
Nordwind Airlines Baku, Bishkek, Kaliningrad, Krasnodar, Mineralnye Vody, Minsk, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Murmansk, Osh, Saint Petersburg, Simferopol, Sochi, Yerevan
Seasonal charter: Cairo, Monastir
Red Wings Airlines Yekterinburg
Seasonal: Simferopol, Sochi
Rossiya Airlines Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Saint Petersburg[6]
Seasonal: Anapa, Sochi
Seasonal charter: Dubai–International, Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah
S7 Airlines Bishkek, Moscow–Domodedovo, Novosibirsk,[7] Osh
Smartavia Seasonal: Simferopol
Ural Airlines Anapa, Baku, Moscow–Domodedovo, Simferopol, Sochi, Yerevan
Seasonal charter: Sharjah
UVT Aero Astrakhan, Kazan

Ground transportation

The airport can be reached by taxi, bus #11 from Metro station 'Park kultury', microbus (marshrutka) #29 from Metro station 'Park kultury' and bus #20 from the railway station. However, taxi is the most common way for the passengers to reach the airport since the bus stop was moved further away from the airport building entrance.

The Nizhny Novgorod - Arzamas railway line runs close to the airport. As of 2008, the authorities were studying the feasibility of constructing a railway branch into the airport, and a train station there, with a view to running trains from there to Nizhny Novgorod's main railway station.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Объемы перевозок через аэропорты России" [Transportation volumes at Russian airports]. www.favt.ru (in Russian). Federal Air Transport Agency. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  2. ^ Liu, Jim (23 April 2019). "AZIMUTH schedules domestic new routes in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Авиакомпания "Азимут" свяжет Нижний Новгород и Ростов-на-Дону". pravda-nn.ru. 7 April 2018.
  4. ^ Liu, Jim. "Azimuth schedules additional domestic routes from mid-Sep 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  5. ^ "Из Нижнего Новгорода в Санкт-Петербург полетит "ИрАэро"". Airlines Inform. 13 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Рейсов из аэропорта Стригино в Санкт-Петербург станет больше". goj.aero. Strigino Airport PSC. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
  7. ^ Liu, Jim (23 April 2019). "S7 Airlines schedules new domestic routes in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  8. ^ Горьковская железная дорога планирует организацию перевозок пассажиров из Нижнего Новгорода до аэропорта Стригино. (Gorky Railway is planning passenger transportation from Nizhny Novgorod to Strigino Airport). 20-May-2008 (in Russian)