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Gromov Flight Research Institute
Native name
Лётно-исследовательский институт имени М. М. Громова
Company typeJoint-stock company
IndustryAerospace
Founded1941; 83 years ago (1941)
FounderMikhail Gromov
Headquarters,
Russia
Area served
Europe and Asia
OwnerRussian Federation
ParentUnited Aircraft Corporation[1]
Websitewww.lii.ru (in Russian)

The Gromov Flight Research Institute or GFRI for short (Russian: Лётно-исследовательский институт имени М. М. Громова, Russian: ЛИИ) is an important Russian State Research Centre which operates an aircraft test base located in Zhukovsky, 40 km south-east of Moscow. The airfield is also known as Ramenskoye air base.

The airfield was used as the backup landing site for the Shuttle Buran test program and also as a test base for a Buran's aerodynamic prototype BTS-002.

GFRI periodically hosts the MAKS International Air Show (Aviasalon).

At present, GFRI also hosts Zhukovsky International Airport.

History

Foundation

The Flight Research Institute was founded on March 8, 1941, in accordance with the decree of Sovnarkom and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Mikhail Gromov, a test pilot, Hero of the Soviet Union, became its first chief. From the very beginning the institute participated in development and testing of aircraft and airborne systems, conducted flight research in order to pave the way to further scientific activities.

The first years of the institute's existence fell on the war times. During the war experts of the institute kept developing recommendations to eliminate defects in flight qualities and war-fighting capabilities of the aircraft, flight testing of the aircraft prototypes, studied the foreign aircraft and equipment, both purchased and taken as trophies.

Cold War

Zhukovsky airfield was the Soviet Union's equivalent to the US Edwards AFB and as such many types of aircraft underwent evaluation.[2]

Here some western aircraft were tested or analyzed:[citation needed]

Perestroika times

Ilyushin Il-76LL testbed with Progress D-27 engine prototype
Modified Sukhoi Su-27P aeroplane (1995)
GLL-AP hypersonic scramjet testbed

In 2001 GFRI had a staff of about 5000 then headed by Vyacheslav M. Bakaev. Number of research flying test-beds was about 70 complemented with 20 multipurpose test stands and simulators. The institute also supported Fedotov Test Pilot School. Newly built by AMST of Austria centrifuge then was one of the advanced in the world having a gondola with a 3D visual projection system and formed the core of GFRI's aerospace medical research complex. As said Vilgelm I. Vid (GFRI deputy chief for civil aviation) the institute pioneered a civil aircraft upset recovery system to decrease a number of CFIT accidents originated in aeroplane upsets. However, Bakaev said GFRI was passing through economic difficulties as most Russian aeronautical facilities. The institute was downsized by about 30% since 1996, and most of the test aircraft were underutilized.[3]

Due to financial problems in the 1990s (known as perestroika times), tourist fighter flights in former secret jets became available, mainly for wealthy western tourists. The security check was comparable to the Russian visa. On offer for flights was the Aero L-39 Albatros jet trainer, the Soviet-built Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23, MiG-25 for stratosphere "Edge of Space" flights, the MiG-29 Fulcrum and even the Sukhoi Su-27 Flanker.[4] From June 2006, such flights were stopped.[5]

The airline was established by the institute in 1995 as a wholly owned commercial subsidiary and named Gromov Air (later Moskovia Airlines).

Current research and development activities

Testbed aeroplanes

Notable employees

Heads of the institute

Scientists, test pilots, navigators, and engineers

See also

References

  1. ^ "Companies". UAC Russia (in Russian). Retrieved May 18, 2017.
  2. ^ "Western Aircraft in the USSR". July 30, 2013.
  3. ^ Covault, Craig (April 30, 2001). "Russian Gromov Center Adds Centrifuge, Seek Partners". Aviation Week and Space Technology. 154 (18): 78–79. ISSN 0005-2175.
  4. ^ Sukhoi Su-27 Flight, Zhukovsky Airbase
  5. ^ Vyazma Rus Display Team Archived February 2, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ a b "Company Overview of Public Joint-Stock Company "Gromov Flight Research Institute"". www.bloomberg.com. Bloomberg. Retrieved December 25, 2017.
  7. ^ a b c "Gromov Flight Research Institute". www.istc.int/ru. International Science and Technology Center. Retrieved December 25, 2017.
  8. ^ a b Hamel, Peter G., ed. (2017). In-flight simulators and fly-by-wire/light demonstrators : a historical account of international aeronautical research. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. p. 345. ISBN 9783319539973.
  9. ^ Деркач, Олег; Петров, Андрей; Полтавец, Владимир; и др. (2012). Эксплуатационно-технические характеристики и обеспечение эксплуатации авиационной техники [Aircraft Operating Capabilities and Operations Support] (in Russian). Москва: ООО "Широкий взгляд". p. 140. ISBN 978-5-904465-03-2.
  10. ^ Знаменская, Наталья, ed. (2002). ШЛИ со временем [ShLI in Time] (in Russian) (2 ed.). Жуковский: ООО "Редакция газеты "Жуковские вести". p. 400.
  11. ^ a b c d ЛИИ – Институт, который выдержал невзгоды (in Russian). www.zhukvesti.ru. Archived from the original on January 16, 2018. Retrieved January 15, 2018.
  12. ^ Генеральный директор Союза авиапроизводителей России – Горбунов Евгений Алексеевич (in Russian). www.aviationunion.ru. Retrieved January 13, 2018.

55°33′29.54″N 38°8′47.42″E / 55.5582056°N 38.1465056°E / 55.5582056; 38.1465056