Vnukovo International Airport

Международный аэропорт Внуково
Airport typePublic
OperatorJSC "Vnukovo Airport"
ServesMoscow metropolitan area
Hub for
Elevation AMSL209 m / 686 ft
Coordinates55°35′46″N 37°16′03″E / 55.59611°N 37.26750°E / 55.59611; 37.26750
VKO is located in Moscow Oblast
Location of the airport in Moscow Oblast
VKO is located in European Russia
Location of the airport in Russia
VKO is located in Europe
Location of the airport in Europe
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 3,500 11,483 Concrete
01/19 3,060 10,039 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Aircraft movements163,600
Sources: Russian Federal Air Transport Agency (see also provisional 2018 statistics)[2]

Vnukovo, formally Vnukovo Andrei Tupolev International Airport (named after Andrei Tupolev) (Russian: Внуково, IPA: [ˈvnukəvə]) (IATA: VKO, ICAO: UUWW), is a dual-runway international airport located in Vnukovo District, 28 km (17 mi) southwest of the centre of Moscow, Russia. It is one of the four major airports that serve Moscow, along with Domodedovo, Sheremetyevo, and Zhukovsky. In 2019, the airport handled 24.01 million passengers, representing an increase of 12% compared to the previous year. Vnukovo was the eleventh-busiest airport in Europe in 2021, but had a strong decline in traffic and dropped to 30th place in 2022 as a consequence of sanctions following the Russian invasion of Ukraine 2022.[3]


US President Ronald Reagan at Vnukovo in 1988
Old terminal (pictured in 2000)
Apron view
Terminal A

Vnukovo is Moscow's oldest operating airport. It was opened and used for military operations during the Second World War, but became a civilian facility after the war. Its construction was approved by the Soviet government in 1937, because the older Khodynka Aerodrome (located much closer to the city centre, but closed by the 1980s) was becoming overloaded. Vnukovo was built by several thousand inmates of Likovlag, a Gulag concentration camp created specifically for this purpose, and opened on 1 July 1941. During the Great Patriotic War, it was used as a military airbase; passenger services started after the war.

On 15 September 1956, the Tupolev Tu-104 jetliner made its first passenger flight from Moscow Vnukovo to Irkutsk via Omsk.

On 4 November 1957, a plane carrying Romanian Workers' Party officials, including the most prominent politicians of Communist Romania (Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, Chivu Stoica, Alexandru Moghioroș, Ştefan Voitec, Nicolae Ceauşescu, Leonte Răutu, and Grigore Preoteasa), was involved in an accident at Vnukovo Airport. Preoteasa, who was the minister of foreign affairs at the time, was killed, as was the aircraft's crew. Several others were seriously injured.

The first passenger flights of the IL-18 (Moscow to Alma-Ata on 20 April 1956) and Tu-114 (Moscow to Khabarovsk on 24 April 1961) were also made from Vnukovo Airport. In 1980, Vnukovo was expanded because of the 22nd Summer Olympic Games. In 1993, Vnukovo Airport became a joint-stock company.

A massive reconstruction and strategic development programme commenced at Vnukovo International in late 2003, following the transfer by the federal government of the controlling stake in the airport to the government of Moscow.

As part of the Airport Strategic Development Plan, these projects were completed between 2003 and 2005:

Vnukovo is Europe's busiest airport for international flights by larger private planes.[4]

Location and capacity

Of the three Moscow airports, Vnukovo is the highest (204 m (669 ft 3 in) above sea level), so in case of fog, it has frequently served as an alternative airport.[5]

The airfield has two intersecting runways of 3,500 m (11,482 ft 11 in) and 3,060 m (10,039 ft 4 in) in length. Each runway is 60 m (196 ft 10 in) wide, with 10 m (32 ft 10 in)-wide safety shoulders on each side. The joint runway capacity is 60 aircraft movements per hour. Runway 24 is mostly used for departures, while Runway 01 is for landings.

The airport has two passenger terminals (Terminal A and Terminal B), one general aviation terminal (for charter and business flights), one cargo terminal, and 60 aircraft stands.

The airport can handle a maximum of 10,100 passengers per hour,[6] and 4,000 people are employed there. In 2013, the airport handled almost 11.18 million passengers, representing a 15.3% increase compared to 2012.[7] In February 2014 the airport handled 722,500 passengers, an increase of 23.8% compared to February 2013, partly attributed to expansion by Utair.[8]

Vnukovo Airport is equipped with a VIP hall, which is used by many political leaders and important people visiting Russia. The Russian President also uses Vnukovo's VIP facility. The Tupolev airliner rework facility is located at the edge of the airport, and major overhaul and modification programmes are carried out in several large aircraft hangars. On the northern perimeter of the airport, the government VIP transport wing is located, operating head-of-state flights for high-ranking government officials. Thus, the airport is occasionally closed for regular flights when VIP flights arrive or depart.

Further expansion

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The prospective development programme was intended to last until 2015,[needs update] and was aimed at transforming Vnukovo International into a highly competitive air transportation hub of international significance – one that would offer a comprehensive range of quality services to both its passengers and its tenant carriers.

A new international passenger Terminal A will have a total floor space of 250,000 m2 (2,700,000 sq ft) and passenger throughput capacity of 7,800 passengers per hour, making a total capacity of 18–20 million passengers annually.[9] This will open up many opportunities for the tenant airlines to expand and improve the quality of their customer service at the airport, and ensure the introduction of international-quality service and comfort overall. The sprawling terminal building will be located on the site of the existing domestic passenger terminal, and will also serve as a springboard for the subsequent development of the entire adjacent landside area both next to the terminal and further out towards Vnukovo Settlement. The oldest of the Vnukovo passenger terminals, dating back to 1941, will be demolished by the time construction of the new one goes ahead (it was started to be dismantled in November 2005). The existing domestic Terminal 2, built in the late 1970s, will continue in operation until its eventual demolition during the final phase of construction and replacement with the new terminal.

The expansion plans include lengthening one of the two V-configured runways (3,500 m (11,482 ft 11 in) and 3,060 m (10,039 ft 4 in) long) to 3,800 m (12,467 ft 2 in) and upgrading the instrument landing system from the present CAT II to CAT III. The existing taxiways are to be extended as part of the expansion and new ones will also be built, along with a brand new control tower, an extension to the cargo terminal, and a multistory car park.


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Terminal A is the only terminal used both for domestic and international flights. Terminals B and D are out of service as of October 2017.

Airlines and destinations

Aero Nomad Airlines Bishkek,[10] Osh[11]
Air Dilijans Yerevan
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku
Azimuth Grozny, Omsk, Pskov, Saint Petersburg,[12] Tbilisi[13]
Azur Air[14][15] Seasonal: Cancún, La Romana, Nha Trang, Varadero
Seasonal Charter: Abu Dhabi,[16] Agadir, Antalya, Bodrum,[17] Colombo–Bandaranaike, Dalaman, Djerba, Dubai–International, Enfidha, Gazipaşa, Goa–Dabolim,[18] Pataya, Phuket, Phu Quoc, Taiyuan, Sharm El Sheikh, Zanzibar
Belavia Minsk[19][20]
Conviasa[21] Caracas, Havana[22]
Fly Arna Yerevan[23]
Fly Baghdad Baghdad[24]
flydubai Dubai–International
FlyOne Yerevan[25]
Gazpromavia Bovanenkovo, Nadym, Novy Urengoy, Noyabrsk, Tyumen, Ufa, Yamburg, Yekaterinburg
I-Fly[26] Seasonal Charter: Antalya, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Bodrum, Changsha, Fuzhou,[27] Guiyang,[27] Haikou,[27] Hangzhou,[27] Jinan,[27] Nanchang,[27] Nanjing,[27] Nanning,[27] Phuket, Podgorica, Punta Cana, Shenyang, Shenzhen,[27] Saint Petersburg, Taiyuan,[27] Tianjin, Wuhan, Xi'an, Zhengzhou[27]
Iraqi Airways Baghdad
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Meraj Airlines Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Nouvelair Seasonal: Monastir, Tunis[28]
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen[29]
Seasonal: Ankara,[30] Antalya,[31] Bodrum,[32] Dalaman,[32] Gazipaşa, Izmir[32]
Pobeda Abu Dhabi (begins 29 October 2023),[33] Antalya, Gorno-Altaysk, Gyumri, Istanbul,[34] Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Kaliningrad, Kurgan,[35] Makhachkala, Mineralnye Vody, Novosibirsk, Perm, Petrozavodsk, Saint Petersburg, Saransk, Saratov, Sharm El Sheikh, Sochi, Stavropol, Surgut, Tobolsk, Tomsk, Tyumen, Ufa, Ulan-Ude,[36] Ulyanovsk–Baratayevka, Volgograd, Yekaterinburg
Seasonal: Bodrum, Dalaman, Dubai–International, Gazipaşa
Rossiya Airlines Saint Petersburg
RusLine Ivanovo, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Kazan,[37] Kirov, Penza, Saransk,[38] Tambov, Ulyanovsk–Baratayevka, Vorkuta, Yoshkar-Ola
Seasonal: Saratov
SCAT Airlines Aktau, Aktobe, Astana,[39] Shymkent
Shirak Avia Yerevan[40]
Syrian Air Damascus
Turkish Airlines Antalya, Istanbul
Seasonal: Bodrum, Dalaman
Utair Baku, Bukhara, Dushanbe, Fergana, Grozny, Kaliningrad, Kazan, Khanty-Mansiysk, Kogalym, Krasnoyarsk–International, Kurgan, Magas, Makhachkala, Mineralnye Vody, Minsk, Murmansk, Nakhchivan, Naryan-Mar, Noyabrsk, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Samarkand, Sochi, Stavropol, Surgut, Syktyvkar, Tashkent, Tyumen, Ufa, Ukhta, Usinsk, Vladikavkaz, Yakutsk, Yerevan
Seasonal: Beloyarsky
Seasonal Charter: Zanzibar
Vologda Aviation Enterprise Vologda
Yakutia Airlines Makhachkala,[41] Mineralnye Vody,[42] Neryungri, Novokuznetsk,[42] Pevek, Sabetta, Sochi, Yakutsk
Yamal Airlines Tyumen


Annual traffic

Graphs are temporarily unavailable due to technical issues.
Annual passenger traffic at VKO airport. See Wikidata query.
Annual Passenger Traffic[43]
Year Passengers % Change
2010 9,460,292 Steady
2011 8,197,162 Decrease -13.4%
2012 9,699,452 Increase 18.3%
2013 11,175,142 Increase 15.2%
2014 12,733,118 Increase 14%
2015 15,815,129 Increase 24.2%
2016 13,946,688 Decrease -11.8%
2017 18,139,000 Increase 30.1%
2018 21,478,000 Increase 18.4%
2019 24,001,521 Increase 14.4%
2020 12,565,241 Decrease 47.4%

Ground transportation


A double-deck Aeroexpress ESh2, at Vnukovo Airport train station
Moscow Aeroexpress
Vnukovo Airport [ru]
Aeroport [ru]
Moscow Kiyevskaya
Transfer for #3 Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line at Kiyevskaya Transfer for #4 Filyovskaya line at KiyevskayaTransfer for #4A Filyovskaya line at Kiyevskaya Transfer for #5 Koltsevaya line at Kiyevskaya
overlaps #D1 Line D1 (Moscow Central Diameters) to Odintsovo (11 stops)
Moscow Belorusskaya
Transfer for #2 Zamoskvoretskaya line at Belorusskaya Transfer for #5 Koltsevaya line at Belorusskaya
Moscow Savyolovskaya
Transfer for #9 Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya line at Savyolovskaya Transfer for #11 Bolshaya Koltsevaya line at SavyolovskayaTransfer for #11A Bolshaya Koltsevaya line at Savyolovskaya
Transfer for #10 Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya line at Okruzhnaya Transfer for #14 Moscow Central Circle at Okruzhnaya
Aeroport Sheremetyevo
#D1 Line D1 (Moscow Central Diameters) to Lobnya
Moscow Kalanchyovskaya
Transfer for #D2 Line D2 (Moscow Central Diameters) at Kalanchyovskaya Transfer for #1 Sokolnicheskaya line at Komsomolskaya Transfer for #5 Koltsevaya line at Komsomolcheskaya
Moscow Kurskaya
Transfer for #D2 Line D2 (Moscow Central Diameters) at Moscow Kursky Transfer for #3 Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line at Kurskaya Transfer for #5 Koltsevaya line at Kurskaya Transfer for #10 Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya line at Chkalovskaya
Moscow Paveletskaya
Transfer for #2 Zamoskvoretskaya line at Paveletskaya Transfer for #5 Koltsevaya line at Paveletskaya
Verkhnie Kotly
Transfer for #14 Moscow Central Circle at Verkhnie Kotly Ground transferTransfer for #9 Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya line at Nagatinskaya
Aeroport Domodedovo [ru]

Aeroexpress direct line connects Vnukovo Airport and Kiyevsky Rail Terminal in Moscow city centre was opened in August 2005. One-way journey costs 500 rubles (420 rubles for online purchase)[44] (as of November 2017). The journey takes 35 minutes.


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Moscow city can be reached by the municipal Mosgortrans bus lines: 611 - reaches two consecutive stations (Troparyovo and Yugo-Zapadnaya) of Moscow Metro Sokolnicheskaya Line, 611k (Russian: 611к) reaches only the nearest Salaryevo station of Moscow Metro Sokolnicheskaya Line, but avoids the often congested crossing with MKAD road; nearby Rumyantsevo station is only easily accessible on the way to the airport, not away from it. The fare is 50 rubles (as of September, 2016; eq. to 0.77 US$), travel time 20-35 min. by schedule.
Private marshrutka line 45 also serves this direction. One-way journey costs 150 rubles (as of February 2016; eq. to 2 US$). Due to heavy traffic in Moscow, journey takes 15 minutes to 1 hour.


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Several taxi services to Moscow city and suburbs are available at the airport. Uber, Gett, Yandex.Taxi and local transportation network companies offer flat rate trips to anywhere in Moscow.


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The project of the future Vnukovo Metro Station, that will open in 2022

The Government of Moscow, as a part of metro line 8 (Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya) expansion, plans to open a Metro station to serve the airport. It is scheduled to be completed in 2023 as a new terminus station from Rasskazovka.

Other facilities

Previously Vnukovo Airlines had its head office at the airport.[45]


The airport is co-owned by the Russian state and Russian businessman Vitaly Vantsev and his partners. In March 2018, Qatar Airways announced plans to buy a 25 percent stake in Vnukovo Airport.[46]

Accidents and incidents

See also


  1. ^ Авиакомпания "РусЛайн" меняет аэропорт базирования в Москве. (in Russian). Airline "RusLine". Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Объемы перевозок через аэропорты России" [Transportation volumes at Russian airports]. (in Russian). Federal Air Transport Agency. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Airport Insights Report: Top 10 European airports for 2022 and 2023 outlook". CTC - Corporate Travel Community. Retrieved 24 June 2023.
  4. ^ Advertising to the super-rich: Posters for plutocrats
  5. ^ "Vnukovo international airport". Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  6. ^ " – Facts and figures". Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  7. ^ "Vnukovo Airport passenger statistics for 2017". Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Growth at Vnukovo". Airliner World: 12. May 2014.
  9. ^ "Vnukovo international airport". Retrieved 20 January 2015.[dead link]
  10. ^ "Home". Aero Nomad.
  11. ^ "On February 10, the domestic Aero Nomad Airlines operated the first regular flight Osh-Moscow-Osh, thereby increasing the number of regular flights from Osh to Moscow". Aero Nomad Airlines. 10 February 2023. Retrieved 7 April 2023.
  12. ^ "Azimuth adds Moscow - St. Petersburg service from July 2022". AeroRoutes. 7 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  13. ^ "Azimuth Adds Moscow - Tbilisi Service From May 2023". 16 June 2023. Retrieved 16 June 2023.
  14. ^ "Flight map".
  15. ^ "TUI Flight Program".
  16. ^ Liu, Jim (3 October 2019). "AZUR Air adds Abu Dhabi service from Nov 2019".
  17. ^ Liu, Jim (13 May 2019). "AZUR Air adds 777-300ER Moscow – Bodrum service in W19". Routesonline. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  18. ^ "AZUR AIR NW22 MOSCOW – GOA OPERATIONS". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
  19. ^ "Belavia resumes Moscow Vnukovo service from mid-July 2022". AeroRoutes. July 25, 2022. Retrieved July 26, 2022.
  20. ^ "Belavia Increases Minsk – Moscow Vnukovo Flights From late-July 2023". AeroRoutes. 12 July 2023. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  21. ^ "Russian Government Announces New Moscow-Caracas Route". 25 March 2021.
  22. ^ "Conviasa Plans Havana – Moscow Service From mid-June 2023". AeroRoutes. Retrieved 30 May 2023.
  23. ^ Tore, Iuliia (19 June 2023). "Fly Arna to Launch Flights from Yerevan to Moscow". RusTourismNews. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  24. ^ "Еще одна иракская авиакомпания планирует возить россиян в Багдад".
  25. ^ "FLYONE | News".
  26. ^ "I-Fly Destinations". 20 June 2018.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Russia's iFly Airlines extends its China connections". 20 June 2018.
  28. ^ "Nouvelair Tunisie Adds Tunis – Russia Service From mid-June 2023". AeroRoutes. 28 June 2023. Retrieved 28 June 2023.
  29. ^ "Pegasus будет летать из Внуково вместо Домодедова". 26 April 2023.
  30. ^ "PEGASUS NS23 NETWORK ADDITIONS – 16APR23". 18 April 2023.
  31. ^ "Pegasus будет летать из Внуково вместо Домодедова". 26 April 2023.
  32. ^ a b c Liu, Jim (12 March 2019). "Pegasus schedules new routes to Moscow in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  33. ^ "Pobeda Adds Moscow – Abu Dhabi Service in NW23". AeroRoutes. 3 August 2023. Retrieved 3 August 2023.
  34. ^ Liu, Jim. "Pobeda increases Istanbul flights form Nov 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  35. ^ Liu, Jim. "Pobeda adds Moscow – Kurgan service in Oct 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  36. ^ ""Победа" с апреля возобновит рейсы из Москвы в Улан-Удэ". 18 February 2021.
  37. ^ Liu, Jim (20 December 2019). "RusLine adds new domestic sectors in 1Q20". Routesonline. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  38. ^ "Открытие нового рейса Саранск - Москва в сентябре". Авиакомпания «РусЛайн». Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  39. ^ Liu, Jim (24 June 2019). "SCAT adds Nur-Sultan – Moscow service from July 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  40. ^ "Shirak Avia Expands Russia Network in 4Q22". Aeroroutes. 29 November 2022. Retrieved 29 November 2022.
  41. ^ Liu, Jim. "Yakutia adds Moscow – Makhachkala service from late-Sep 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  42. ^ a b Liu, Jim. "Yakutia W19 Domestic network additions". Routes. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  43. ^ Аэропорт Внуково в 2018 году стал вторым в Европе по приросту пассажиропотока. (in Russian).
  44. ^ "Fares and services". Aeroexpress. Archived from the original on 2016-03-02. Retrieved 2016-02-20.
  45. ^ Accident Investigation Board Norway (2 November 1999). "Report on the Accident to Vnukovo Airline's Tupolev Tu-154M RA 85621 Near Svalbard Airport Longyear, Norway on 29 August 1996". Retrieved 21 August 2014. p. 4/121. "Owner: Vnukovo Airlines 1st Ulitsa Relsovaya 12 Vnukovo Airport Moscow, 103027, Russia"
  46. ^ "Qatar Airways plans to buy stake in Russian airport as emir visits Moscow". 27 March 2018. Retrieved 2018-06-03.
  47. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Lisunov Li-2 CCCP-L4032 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  48. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47A-1-DK (DC-3) CCCP-L875 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  49. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47B-5-DK (DC-3) CCCP-L946 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  50. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Lisunov Li-2 CCCP-L4207 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  51. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 12P CCCP-L1317 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  52. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 12P CCCP-L1313 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  53. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 14P SP-LNF Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  54. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 14P YR-PCC Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  55. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 18B CCCP-75676 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  56. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 14P CCCP-41806 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  57. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 18B CCCP-75708 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  58. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev 104B CCCP-42490 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  59. ^ Tu-104B accident Mar 17 1979
  60. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Antonov 22A CCCP-09311 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  61. ^ "Recent accidents / incidents worldwide". JACDEC. Retrieved 17 January 2010.
  62. ^ "TU-204 RA-64047 29.12.2012". Interstate Aviation Committee. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  63. ^ "Flight attendant strangled to death during hotel meet-up". 29 May 2021.

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