Chelyabinsk Shagol
Челябинск Шагол
Chelyabinsk, Chelyabinsk Oblast in Russia
Chelyabinsk Shagol is located in Chelyabinsk Oblast
Chelyabinsk Shagol
Chelyabinsk Shagol
Shown within Chelyabinsk Oblast
Chelyabinsk Shagol is located in Russia
Chelyabinsk Shagol
Chelyabinsk Shagol
Chelyabinsk Shagol (Russia)
Coordinates55°15′36″N 061°18′0″E / 55.26000°N 61.30000°E / 55.26000; 61.30000
TypeAir Base
Site information
OwnerMinistry of Defence
OperatorRussian Aerospace Forces
Controlled byChelyabinsk Red Banner Military Aviation Institute of Navigators
Site history
In use-present
Airfield information
Elevation253 metres (830 ft) AMSL
Runways
Direction Length and surface
12/30 2,500 metres (8,202 ft) Concrete

Chelyabinsk Shagol (Russian: Челябинск Шагол) is a military airfield of the Russian Aerospace Forces in Chelyabinsk, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia.

The base is home to the 108th Training Aviation Regiment which flies the Antonov An-26, Antonov An-72, Mil Mi-8 under the Prof. N.E. Zhukovsky and Iu.A. Gagarin Air Force Academy and the 2nd Guards Composite Aviation Regiment which flies the Sukhoi Su-24MR and the Sukhoi Su-34 under the 21st Composite Aviation Division.[1]

History

Chelyabinsk Shagol Airport was opened in 1938 as the first airport in Chelyabinsk, named after the adjacent village of Shagol which has since been absorbed by the city, and can park over 40 aircraft. The airfield operated passenger flight services and was the primary airport for Chelyabinsk until 1953, when all passenger traffic was redirected to Chelyabinsk Balandino Airport.

It was re-purposed to military use, housing aircraft of the Soviet Air Force and the local pilot training school, the Chelyabinsk Red Banner Military Aviation Institute of Navigators. OJSC "712 Aviation Repair Plant" was founded in 1954, and has an aircraft parking area of 4 hectares connected by taxiways to the airport runway.[2] During the Cold War, it was a military bomber training base, and had about 35 Tupolev Tu-134 UBLs based as recently as 1995. Kommersant-Vlast indicated in 2005 that the 239 Separate Mixed Aviation Regiment was based here. In August 2007, Shagol was used in military exercises of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation. It is also used for air shows. From 2010, it also serves as the base for the 6980th Guards Aviation Base (Military Unit Number 69806) equipped with Su-24M bombers and Su-24MR reconnaissance aircraft.[3]

In 2015, one of the Su-24's based at Shagol was shot down in Syria after reportedly violating Turkish airspace, worsening the relations between Turkey and Russia.[4]

On 3 January 2024, a Su-34 bomber was set on fire at the Chelyabinsk Shagol Airport by a Ukrainian saboteur according to the Ukrainian GUR.[5]

Noise complaints

Shagol is located in the north-western outskirts Chelyabinsk, but the aircraft landing at the runway have to fly over multiple dense suburban residential districts. This has caused noise concerns from local residents, who filed complaints that low-flying aircraft would wake them up at night and trigger car alarms.[6] A court order in 2013 suspended the flights of Su-24 aircraft, however, the ruling was overturned in the Supreme Court of Russia, but required the aircraft operated from the airport to increase their glideslope angle by 1.5 degrees. Some of the Su-24 aircraft based in Shagol were relocated to Syria in 2015 but returned in March 2016.[7]

Photos of the aircraft stationed in Chelyabinsk Shagol airport

One of the Tu-134Sh based at the airport in 2008; used by the navigators' school for training.

References

  1. ^ "Chelyabinsk/Shagol". Scramble.nl. Retrieved 16 November 2022.
  2. ^ https://заводы.рф/factory/712-arz [bare URL]
  3. ^ "Syrian rebels reveal identity of dead Russian Su-24 pilot".
  4. ^ "Новости Челябинска - главные новости сегодня | 74.ru - новости Челябинска". 25 November 2015.
  5. ^ David Axe (4 January 2024). "A Ukrainian Saboteur Traveled 900 Miles to A Snowy Russian Airfield And, In The Dead Of Night, Lit A Russian Sukhoi Fighter-Bomber On Fire". Forbes. Retrieved 5 January 2024.
  6. ^ "Новости Челябинска - главные новости сегодня | 74.ru - новости Челябинска". 31 August 2015.
  7. ^ "Новости Челябинска - главные новости сегодня | 74.ru - новости Челябинска". 17 March 2016.