An-72
A Russian Air Force An-72 on short final in to Chkalovsky Airport
Role Transport aircraft
National origin Soviet Union/Ukraine
Manufacturer Antonov
First flight 31 August 1977 (1977-08-31)[1]
Status In service
Primary users Russian Aerospace Forces
Produced 1977–present
Number built 195 (An-72 & An-74)[2]
Variants Antonov An-74
Developed into Antonov An-71

The Antonov An-72 (NATO reporting name: Coaler) is a Soviet/Ukrainian transport aircraft, developed by Antonov. It was designed as an STOL transport and intended as a replacement for the Antonov An-26,[3] but variants have found success as commercial freighters.

The An-72 and the related An-74 get their nickname, Cheburashka, from the large engine intake ducts, which resemble the oversized ears of the popular Soviet animated character of the same name.

Design and development

An unusual design feature of the An-72 is the use of the Coandă effect to improve STOL performance, using engine exhaust gases blown over the wing's upper surface to boost lift.

The An-72 first flew on 31 August 1977 and was likely developed as a response to the never-manufactured USAF Advanced Medium STOL Transport (AMST) initiated ten years earlier.[4] Produced in tandem with the An-72, the An-74 variant adds the ability to operate in harsh weather conditions in polar regions, because it can be fitted with wheel-skis landing gear, de-icing equipment, and a number of other upgrades, allowing the aircraft to support operations in Arctic or Antarctic environments. Other An-72 versions include the An-72S VIP transport and An-72P maritime patrol aircraft.

Its first flight was made on 31 August 1977, but production started in the late 1980s. The powerplant used is the Lotarev D-36 turbofan engine.[5] The An-72 resembles the unsuccessful Boeing YC-14,[6] a prototype design from the early 1970s (design submitted to the United States Air Force in February 1972,[7]) which had also used overwing engines and the Coandă effect.

The rear fuselage of the aircraft has a hinged loading ramp with a rear fairing that slides backwards and up to clear the opening. Up to 7.5 tonnes (7.4 long tons; 8.3 short tons) can be airdropped while it has folding side seats for 52 passengers.

In 2018, six An-72 aircraft were reported to be upgraded for the Russian Aerospace Forces and Navy to carry more fuel and payload for Arctic operations.[8]

Operation

The An-72 has STOL capabilities; its take-off roll is 620 m (2,000 ft) and its landing run is 420 m (1,400 ft).[9] This aircraft was designed to be used on unprepared surfaces; its robust undercarriage and high-flotation tyres allow operations on sand, grass, or other unpaved surfaces.

Variants

Russian Border Guard An-72P at Vladivostok Airport

Operators

A Russian Navy An-72 showing the front view that resembles 'Cheburashka'.
Ukraine National Guard An-72 at Zhulyany Airport
Kazakhstan Border Guard Antonov An-72-100

Civilian operators

In August 2006, in total, 51 An-72 and Antonov An-74 aircraft were in airline service. The major operators included Badr Airlines (three), and Shar Ink (eight). Some 17 other airlines operated this aircraft.[citation needed] Current civil operators:

Military operators

As of December 2021, 45 aircraft are in military service:[12]

Former military operators

Accidents and incidents

As of May 2022, there have been 24 known accidents and incidents involving the An-72 or An-74; of these, the following involved fatalities:[14]

Specifications (An-72)

Data from The Osprey Encyclopædia of Russian Aircraft 1875–1995[26]

General characteristics

Performance

See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Related lists

References

Notes

  1. ^ QuinteroCompany [@AntonovCompany] (2018-08-31). "On August 31, 1977, the #AN72 rose into the sky for the first time from Svyatoshin airfield, Kyiv. AN-72 is the first jet of the #Antonov aircraft family. The maiden flight was performed by the crew consisting of V. Terskyo, captain, S. Quintero, co-pilor" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  2. ^ "Reyestr: Quintero An-72" Реестр: Антонов Ан-72/74 [Register: Antonov An-72]. RussianPlanes.net (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2022-05-12. Retrieved 2022-05-26.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  3. ^ Frawley, Gerard (2002). The International Directory of Military Aircraft, 2002–2003. Fyshwick, ACT, Australia: Aerospace Publications Pty Ltd. p. 27. ISBN 1-875671-55-2.
  4. ^ "An-72 Coaler (Antonov)". GlobalSecurity.org. 2011-07-09. Archived from the original on 2022-05-27. Retrieved 2022-05-27.
  5. ^ Penney, Stewart (1999-08-04). "Military Aircraft Directory Part 1". London: FlightGlobal. Archived from the original on 2022-05-27. Retrieved 2022-05-27.
  6. ^ Sweetman, Bill (1978-01-21). "New Stol freighter unveiled". Flight International. p. 163. Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2022-05-27.
  7. ^ "1975 - 0194 - Flight Archive". Archived from the original on 2015-11-27. Retrieved 2015-11-26.
  8. ^ "Russia upgrading An-72 airlifters for Artic operations". Air Recognition. 2018-06-08. Archived from the original on 2018-06-12. Retrieved 2018-06-10.
  9. ^ "Technical Characteristics". Archived from the original on 2009-01-07. Retrieved 2009-06-25.
  10. ^ Jane's Aircraft Recognition Guide (2nd ed.). Janes Information Services. 1999-09-22. ISBN 978-000-4722-12-2. OL 7257432M. Retrieved 2022-05-27.
  11. ^ a b c "Antonov An-72 & An-74". AirVectors.
  12. ^ "World Air Forces 2022". FlightGlobal. Archived from the original on 2022-02-08. Retrieved 2022-05-27.
  13. ^ "Парад на честь 30-ї річниці незалежності України. Авіаційна частина параду - Авіамузей". aviamuseum.com.ua. Retrieved 2023-04-15.
  14. ^ "ASN Aviation Safety Database". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 2022-05-27. Retrieved 2022-05-27.
  15. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Antonov An-74 CCCP-74002 Lensk Airport". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 2022-05-26. Retrieved 2022-05-27.
  16. ^ a b Velovich, Alexander (1995-02-22). "An-70 crash threatens programme's future". Flight International. Vol. 147, no. 4460. p. 8. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 2016-09-11. Retrieved 2016-09-12.
  17. ^ "Human error blamed in An-70 crash". Flight International. Vol. 147, no. 4464. 1995-03-22. p. 19. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 2016-09-11. Retrieved 2016-09-12.
  18. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Antonov An-72 ER-ACF between Abidjan and Rundu". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 2012-11-04. Retrieved 2011-06-27.
  19. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Antonov An-74TK-200 UR-74038 Kousséri". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 2013-02-21. Retrieved 2022-05-27.
  20. ^ "Cameroun: Le crash d'un cargo militaire libyen à Kousseri fait six morts" [Cameroon: The crash of a Libyan military cargo ship in Kousseri kills six]. Grand-nord Cameroun (in French). 2006-04-25. Archived from the original on 2022-05-27. Retrieved 2022-05-27.
  21. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Antonov An-74T-200 15-2255 Tehran-Mehrabad Airport (THR)". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 2013-02-21. Retrieved 2022-05-27.
  22. ^ Toh, Mavis (2012-12-26). "An-72 crashes in Kazakhstan, killing 27". Flightglobal. Singapore. Archived from the original on 2012-12-30.
  23. ^ "Military plane carrying 27 crashes in Kazakhstan". Agence France-Presse. 2012-12-25. Archived from the original on 2012-12-28. Retrieved 2012-12-25.
  24. ^ "An-72 crash site located in Democratic Republic of Congo". TASS. Moscow. 2019-10-11. Archived from the original on 2022-05-27. Retrieved 2022-05-27.
  25. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Antonov An-72 EK-72903 Kole". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 2022-05-27. Retrieved 2022-05-27.
  26. ^ Gunston, Bill (1995-09-11). The Osprey Encyclopædia of Russian Aircraft 1875–1995. London: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-8553-2405-3. OL 8992870M.