Sochi International Airport

Международный Аэропорт Сочи
Summary
Airport typepublic / military
OwnerOleg Deripaska
through Basic Element
OperatorSochi International Airport, JSC
ServesSochi, Krasnodar Krai, Russia
Elevation AMSL27 m / 89 ft
Coordinates43°27′00″N 039°57′24″E / 43.45000°N 39.95667°E / 43.45000; 39.95667
Websiteaer.aero
Map
AER is located in Krasnodar Krai
AER
AER
Location of the airport in Krasnodar Krai
AER is located in European Russia
AER
AER
Location of the airport in Russia
AER is located in Europe
AER
AER
Location of the airport in Europe
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02/20 2,200 7,218 Asphalt
06/24 3,000 9,482 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passenger TrafficIncrease 6,343,869
Aircraft TrafficIncrease 21,174
Time ZoneUTC +3
Operating Time24/7, All Year
Sources: Russian Federal Air Transport Agency (see also provisional 2018 statistics)[1]

Sochi International Airport (Russian: Международный Аэропорт Сочи; IATA: AER, ICAO: URSS) is an international airport located in the Adler District of the resort city of Sochi, on the coast of the Black Sea in the federal subject of Krasnodar Krai, Russia. Sochi International Airport is among the ten largest Russian airports, with an annual passenger turnover of 5.2 million.[2]

The airport is run by an international joint venture of Basic Element group, Sberbank and Changi Airports International. The airport has been recognized as the best regional airport at the 3rd annual forum "Development of Russia and CIS airports – 2013",[3] held by Adam Smith Conference. Sochi International Airport was the main gateway during the 2014 Winter Olympics. It served over 350,000 passengers on February 1–28, 2014. Over 2,800 tons of luggage was handled during the Olympic period.[4]

History

The old building of the Sochi airport
Check-in area

1941–1991

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The original airfield was constructed to protect Russia's Black Sea coast during World War II; construction took place between 8 July and 1 September 1941, on the site of the liquidated state seed farm "Chernomorets". By order of the Chief of the Office of Civil Aviation, the site became an established airport on 23 November 1945.

In 1956, the first terminal building (now the old building) and the airstrip runway-1 were built. Approximately 35,000 passengers and 1000 tons of cargo passed through the airport in 1957. From 1960 to 1965, passenger and baggage halls, a 200-room hotel, radio navigation and landing systems were all added to the airport as passenger traffic constantly increased. The Order of the Red Banner of Labor was awarded to the airport in August 1966 for its high performance. . Passenger traffic went from 902,000 embarkations in 1965 to more than 2.3 million in 1990. From its opening in 1957 to today, the airport has served more than 60 million passengers. Regularly scheduled international departures and arrivals began in 1981; the original destinations were Bratislava, Budapest, and Prague. The airport later expanded to include flights to the Middle East and Western Europe. The international section of Sochi's terminal is small, but it includes a duty-free shop.

1991–present

President Vladimir Putin removed Sochi International Airport from the list of strategic enterprises on 3 May 2006 (Decree No.456), superseding its previous status under Decree No.1009 of 4 August 2004.

Sochi International Airport was privatized in 2006 after Federal Property Fund held an auction to sell 100% shares of the airport. "Strategy-South", a company affiliated with Basic Element group (until 2001 – "Siberian Aluminum") won an auction to acquire the airport for 5.5 billion rubles.[5]

The airport in Sochi became the fourth airport in southern Russia. among the ones in Krasnodar, Anapa and Gelendzhik, operated by the Russian Asian Investment Company (RAInKo, owned by Oleg Deripaska) and "Airports of South". In 2007, Basic Element group established Basel Aero, a holding company that runs its airport business and operates all four airports .

Sochi International Airport which was under renovation, opened its doors to first passengers in 2010.[6][unreliable source?] It was further upgraded to meet the requirements of the International Olympic Committee as the gateway of the 22nd Olympic Winter Games.

Basic Element, together with Russia's largest bank Sberbank and Changi Airports International, operator of the Singapore airport, established a joint venture to manage airports in Krasnodar region in 2012. Under the agreement, Basic Element has 50% plus one share in the JV, Sberbank's stake is 20% minus one share while Changi Airports International holds 30%.[7]

In 2007–2013, Basic Element spent over 14 billion rubles ($410 million) on the airport's renovation. A modernized airport's building features a 65,000-sq.m terminal with an advanced 450-m long boarding gallery adjacent to the airport, 10 boarding bridges ensuring a comfortable access to the aircraft,[8] a 4,000-sq.m VIP Terminal with the handling capacity of 80 passengers per hour that hosted IOC delegates and other high-profile guests at the Winter Olympics.[9] In charge of these extensive Sochi projects, including the airport renovation, was Andrey Elinson, Deputy CEO of Basic Element.[10] For his contribution to the construction of air transport infrastructure facilities, Elinson was awarded the national Order of Friendship and the state medal 'For the Construction of Transport Facilities'.[11][12][13]

New Zealand minted coins in 2010 as part of the 'Olympic capitals' collection, and placed a picture of a plane taking off from the Sochi airport on the "tails" of a new silver dollar coin.[citation needed]

Due to airspace closures and aircraft seizure risks following the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Aeroflot announced in March 2022 that it would open a hub at Sochi using Rossiya-operated Sukhoi SuperJet 100 aircraft to serve 17 short-haul international destinations in 6 countries, with an aim to facilitate connecting traffic to and from Moscow, St. Petersburg, and Krasnoyarsk.[14]

Infrastructure

Runways

Sochi International Airport has two artificial runways; combined with its taxiways network it has a total length of 4310 meters and a width of 40.5 m of paved tarmac. The platform and parking lot have a total area of 218 square meters, with spaces for more than 1000 cars. Because of the presence of natural obstacles (mountains) to the north and north-east of the airport, take off and landing are only possible on the sea side of the facility.[citation needed] The airport authority plans to extend the 06/24 runway up to 3.5 km, with a portion overlapping the Mzymta River at a width of 300 m.

The Sochi airport is certificated by Aviation Register of the MAC for its suitability for international flights. It has the ability to receive the following aircraft types: Airbus A310, Airbus A319/320/321, Airbus A350, Boeing 727, Boeing 737/747/757/767/777, CRJ 200, Fokker 70. IL-62, IL-76, IL-86, IL-96, Tu-134, Tu-144, Tu-154, Tu-204, Yak-40, Yak-42 and other planes III and IV classes. Since 2007, the airport takes aircraft of all types.

Main terminal

The capacity of the airport complex is 750 passengers per hour/ 2500 passengers per day. The current terminal building was open to public in 2007. It has 3 floors with total area of 62,000 square meters and is one of the largest in Russia. The airport has 440 meters of corridor space and 10 boarding bridges for boarding and deplaning passengers.[citation needed] The airport received extensive renovations in anticipation of the 2014 Winter Olympics.

On 20 November 2006, the airport was auctioned to Oleg Deripaska's Basic Element group for 5.5 billion roubles (about $206.6 million).[citation needed] Deripaska is also a member of the committee organizing Sochi's bid for the Winter Olympics.[15]

The Sochi Airport railway station is located directly next to the terminal and connected via walkway bridge.

Airlines and destinations

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Sochi Airport:

AirlinesDestinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Sharm El Sheikh[16]
Air Serbia Belgrade[17]
Armenia Airways Yerevan[18]
Armenian Airlines Yerevan[19]
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku[20]
Azimuth Almaty,[21] Antalya, Baku, Dubai–International, Istanbul, Kaluga, Mineralnye Vody, Petrozavodsk, Pskov, Samarqand,[21] Sharm El Sheikh, Stavropol, Tashkent,[22] Tel Aviv, Termez (begins 1 April 2024),[23] Tbilisi,[24] Yaroslavl, Yerevan
Azur Air Seasonal charter: Phuket[25]
Belavia Minsk
Fly Arna Yerevan (suspended)[26]
flydubai Seasonal: Dubai–International (resumes 16 June 2024)[27]
FlyOne Yerevan[28]
Ikar Yekaterinburg, Yerevan,[29] Syktyvkar[30]
Seasonal: Ulyanovsk-Baratayevka (begins 31 March 2024)[31]
I-Fly Seasonal: Blagoveshchensk (begins 2 June 2024),[32] Moscow-Vnukovo,[33] Yakutsk (begins 1 June 2024)[34]
IrAero Istanbul, Saratov,[35] Yerevan
Seasonal: Barnaul,[36] Irkutsk, Moscow–Zhukovsky,[37] Omsk,[38] Penza[37]
Izhavia Moscow–Domodedovo[39]
Seasonal: Izhevsk, Kazan, Kirov, Nizhnekamsk, Penza
Mahan Air Seasonal: Tehran–Imam Khomeini
NordStar Moscow–Domodedovo
Seasonal: Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo, Norilsk
Nordwind Airlines Baku, Magnitogorsk,[30] Ufa
Seasonal: Saratov,[40] Ulyanovsk-Baratayevka (resumes 31 March 2024)[31]
Pobeda Gyumri,[41] Moscow–Sheremetyevo,[42] Moscow–Vnukovo, Ufa
Seasonal: Cheboksary, Chelyabinsk,[43] Kazan, Kirov,[43] Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo,[44] Magnitogorsk,[43] Nizhnekamsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk,[43] Perm, Samara, Tyumen,[43] Ulyanovsk–Baratayevka,[43] Vladikavkaz, Volgograd (resumes 1 June 2024),[45] Yaroslavl, Yekaterinburg
Red Wings Airlines Antalya, Istanbul, Makhachkala, Moscow–Domodedovo, Tbilisi, Tel Aviv, Vladikavkaz, Yerevan
Rossiya Airlines Antalya, Dalaman,[46][47] Istanbul,[47] Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Saint Petersburg, Yerevan[47]
Seasonal: Hurghada,[48] Sharm El Sheikh[48]
RusLine Seasonal: Makhachkala, Mineralnye Vody,[49] Moscow–Domodedovo, Saransk,[50] Saratov,[50] Tambov,[49] Ulyanovsk–Baratayevka
S7 Airlines[51] Irkutsk,[52] Moscow–Domodedovo, Novosibirsk
SCAT Airlines Astana[53]
Seasonal: Aktau[54]
Severstal Avia Petrozavodsk[55]
Seasonal: Cherepovets, Kirovsk/Apatity[55]
Shirak Avia Yerevan[56]
Smartavia Seasonal: Arkhangelsk–Talagi,[57] Chelyabinsk,[58] Ivanovo,[59] Murmansk, Nizhny Novgorod,[58] Omsk,[58] Syktyvkar, Ufa
Somon Air Dushanbe,[60] Khujand
Ural Airlines Bishkek (resumes 25 May 2024),[22] Chelyabinsk, Dushanbe, Istanbul-International (begins 31 March 2024),[61] Mineralnye Vody, Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo,[62] Namangan (begins 6 April 2024),[22] Osh,[63] Samara,[64] Tashkent (resumes 1 April 2024),[22] Yekaterinburg, Yerevan[65]
Seasonal: Dubai-Al Maktoum (resumes 6 April 2024),[22] Kaliningrad,[66] Moscow–Zhukovsky,[67] Nizhny Novgorod[68]
Utair Astrakhan,[69] Moscow–Vnukovo
Seasonal: Nizhnevartovsk, Noyabrsk, Surgut, Syktyvkar, Tambov, Tyumen
UVT Aero Kazan, Surgut[70]
Seasonal: Ufa
Uzbekistan Airways Fergana,[71] Namangan,[22] Tashkent
Yakutia AirlinesSeasonal: Yakutsk
Yamal Airlines Seasonal: Kurgan, Perm, Tyumen

Statistics

Annual traffic

Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.
Annual passenger traffic at AER airport. See Wikidata query.
Annual Passenger Traffic[72]
Year Passengers % Change
2010 1,920,000 Steady
2011 2,086,000 Increase 8.6%
2012 2,120,400 Increase 1.6%
2013 2,427,676 Increase 14.5%
2014 3,106,100 Increase 28%
2015 4,100,000 Increase 32%
2016 5,263,275 Increase 28%
2017 5,700,000 Increase 8%
2018 6,343,000 Increase 11.3%
2019 6,772,062 Increase 6.8%
2020 6,519,554 Decrease 4%

Incidents and accidents

See also

References

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  3. ^ "Ekaterinburg Koltsovo Russia's Best Airport". Koltsovo airport. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
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  5. ^ Аэропорт Сочи продан с аукциона// RIA Novosti
  6. ^ Behind the scenes as Sochi Airport warms up for the 2014 Winter Olympic Games//airport-technology.com
  7. ^ Deripaska, Sberbank, Changi Set $820 Mln Airport JV // RIA Novosti
  8. ^ До конца лета в аэропорту Сочи будут работать все 10 телетрапов// Vesti
  9. ^ В аэропорту Сочи открыт VIP-терминал // Russia 24 TV
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