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Khrabrovo Kaliningrad Airport

Аэропорт Храброво
Khrab logo.png
Kaliningrad 05-2017 img76 Khrabrovo Airport.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic/Military
OwnerRoman Trotsenko through Novaport
OperatorKhrabrovo airport (JSC)
ServesKaliningrad
LocationKaliningrad, Russia
Elevation AMSL42 ft / 13 m
Coordinates54°53′24″N 20°35′33″E / 54.89000°N 20.59250°E / 54.89000; 20.59250Coordinates: 54°53′24″N 20°35′33″E / 54.89000°N 20.59250°E / 54.89000; 20.59250
Websitekgd.aero
Map
KGD is located in Kaliningrad Oblast
KGD
KGD
Location of the airport in Kaliningrad
KGD is located in European Russia
KGD
KGD
Location in Russia
KGD is located in Europe
KGD
KGD
Location in Europe
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
06/24 10,990 3,350 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passengers2,149,413
Passenger change 17-18Increase20.13%
Source: Kaliningrad International Airport[1]

Khrabrovo Airport (Russian Аэропорт Храброво) (IATA: KGD, ICAO: UMKK), also appearing in historical documents as Powunden Airfield,[2] is the airport of Kaliningrad, located 24 kilometers (15 mi) north of the city near the village of Khrabrovo. While it mostly serves scheduled domestic destinations, part of it is still a military base of the Russian Air Force.

History

In 1922, the joint Russian–German joint venture Deruluft started flights on the first scheduled international route, from Königsberg (Devau airport) to Moscow. During World War II the airfield was taken over for military use. After the war, the airport was transferred to the Civil Air Fleet of the USSR in 1945, but military aircraft continued to be based at the airfield.

In the 1950s, Khrabrovo was a major operating location for Ilyushin Il-28 (Beagle) tactical bombers, and at least one MiG-15 (Fagot) was observed at the airfield.[2] At this time it was known as Kaliningrad/Powunden Airfield.

By the 1960s, the airfield was regaining its use for civil air transport, and a Joint Air Squadron was formed in 1961. The use of "Kaliningrad/Powunden" by Western intelligence ceased after July 1962 and the airfield became known as "Khrabrovo". At that time, the runway was listed as having a length of 1,920 m (6,290 ft) with alert aprons and 20 hardstands, but no aircraft were observed.[3]

In 1977, the first Tupolev Tu-134 operations began, followed by the construction of a passenger terminal in 1979. Tupolev Tu-154 service began in 1988.

In 1992, the enterprise separated from Vnukovo Production association and became an independent entity. The following year, the first scheduled international flights began. The air enterprise was renamed "Kaliningrad Avia" in 1997, but fell into receivership in 2001. The airport changed ownership the following year and became a joint stock company. In 2004, the runway, apron, and navigation facilities were rebuilt. The new air enterprise was renamed KD Avia in 2005, with the new terminal opened in 2007. In 2009, KD Avia airlines ceased operation.

FIFA-2018 re-construction

Airport's terminal entrance being partially demolished and reconstructed
Airport's terminal entrance being partially demolished and reconstructed

In July 2016, Novaport bought the Khrabrovo Airport from Aeroinvest.[4] As part of Russia's preparations to host the 2018 FIFA World Cup, in July 2017, a new terminal was put into operation. In addition, the airport infrastructure was modernized and this included the lengthening and reinforcement of the runway, the installation of new radiotechnical, lighting, and weather forecast equipment and construction of new aircraft parking spaces and a high-speed taxiway.[5]

The reconstruction of the passenger terminal and the runway enlargement were officially finished on 27 April 2018.[6][7]

Airlines and destinations

The old terminal under reconstruction and merging with new terminal
The old terminal under reconstruction and merging with new terminal
Interior of the old terminal
Interior of the old terminal
AirlinesDestinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Azimuth Kaluga,[8] Krasnodar,[9][10] Mineralnye Vody,[11] Rostov-on-Don
Belavia Minsk
Izhavia Izhevsk
Nordwind Airlines Almaty,[12] Antalya, Chelyabinsk, Kazan,[13] Minsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Nur-Sultan[12]
Pegas Fly Nizhny Novgorod,[14] Perm, Tyumen, Volgograd
Pobeda Moscow–Vnukovo, Saint Petersburg, Sochi
Red Wings Airlines Pskov
Rossiya Airlines Saint Petersburg
RusLineBelgorod, Moscow–Vnukovo, Petrozavodsk, Pskov, Syktyvkar[15]
S7 Airlines[16]Moscow–Domodedovo
Seasonal: Novosibirsk[16]
Severstal Air Company Cherepovets
Smartavia Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Saint Petersburg
Ural Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo,[17] Saint Petersburg, Yekaterinburg
Seasonal: Anapa,[18] Arkhangelsk,[18] Sochi[18]
Utair Moscow–Vnukovo
UVT Aero Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod, Perm, Volgograd
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent

Statistics

Annual traffic

Annual passenger traffic at KGD airport. See source Wikidata query.
Annual Passenger Traffic[19][20]
Year Passengers % Change
2010 1,024,000 Steady
2011 1,229,017 Increase 20%
2012 1,188,422 Decrease 3.3%
2013 1,314,046 Increase 10.6%
2014 1,460,054 Increase 11.1%
2015 1,542,360 Increase 5.6%
2016 1,570,854 Increase 1.8%
2017 1,780,000 Increase 13.9%
2018 2,149,413 Increase 20.13%

Ground transportation

The bus line No. 244э connects the airport with the Kaliningrad Main Bus/Railway Station.[21]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Report on 2018 passenger traffic data from Kaliningrad International Airport website". Khrabrovo International Airport. 18 January 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  2. ^ a b AIRFIELD ACTIVITY IN THE USSR AND SATELLITES (BASED ON(Sanitized)PHOTOGRAPHY), October 1957, CREST: CIA-RDP78T04753A000300040010-6, Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC.
  3. ^ MCI MISSION 9040 28-31 JULY 1962, April 1963, CREST: CIA-RDP78B04560A000700010048-9, Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC.
  4. ^ "Businessman Roman Trotsenko bought two Russian airport". Sevendaynews.com. 6 July 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
  5. ^ "Kaliningrad airport's new terminal put in operation". Russian Aviation Insider. 26 July 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  6. ^ "Калининградский аэропорт Храброво открылся после реконструкции". aif.ru. 27 April 2018.
  7. ^ "В Калининграде торжественно открыли аэропорт "Храброво"". 5-tv.ru. 27 April 2018.
  8. ^ Liu, Jim (23 April 2019). "AZIMUTH schedules domestic new routes in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  9. ^ Liu, Jim (22 August 2019). "AZIMUTH schedules new routes from late-Sep 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  10. ^ Плохотниченко, Юрий (22 July 2019). ""Азимут" будет летать из Краснодара в Калининград". Travel.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  11. ^ Liu, Jim. "Azimuth schedules additional domestic routes from mid-Sep 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  12. ^ a b Casey, David. "Routes In Brief: Korean Air, Air Nostrum, Singapore Airlines And More". Routesonline. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  13. ^ Liu, Jim. "Nordwind adds new routes to Kaliningrad from mid-July 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
  14. ^ Liu, Jim. "PegasFly schedules new domestic routes in W20". Routesonline. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  15. ^ Liu, Jim (20 December 2019). "RusLine adds new domestic sectors in 1Q20". Routesonline. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  16. ^ a b "S7 Airlines flight schedule". www.s7.ru. S7 Airlines.
  17. ^ Liu, Jim (5 August 2019). "Ural Airlines outlines A320neo service from mid-Aug 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  18. ^ a b c Liu, Jim. "Ural Airlines plans to expand Kaliningrad service in S20". Routesonline. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  19. ^ Названо число туристов. "приехавших в Калининград на новогодние каникулы". РБК.
  20. ^ UMKK. "News". eng.kgd.aero.
  21. ^ "Расписание автобусов Калининград - Аэропорт «Храброво»".

Media related to Khrabrovo Airport at Wikimedia Commons