FoundedSan Francisco, U.S.
(September 25, 1969; 53 years ago (1969-09-25))
FoundersAdrian Dalsey
Larry Hillblom
Robert Lynn
HeadquartersBonn, Germany
Area served
Key people
Dr. Frank Appel (CEO)[2]
ProductsDHL Express Worldwide
DHL Express 9:00
DHL Express 12:00
ServicesParcel delivery, EMS, freight forwarding, third-party logistics
RevenueIncrease 81.7 billion (2021)[3]
Number of employees
Increase 590,000 (2021)
ParentDeutsche Post

DHL[4] is an American-founded German logistics company[5] providing courier, package delivery and express mail service, delivering over 1.8 billion parcels per year.[6] A subsidiary of the German logistics firm Deutsche Post, its express mail service DHL Express is one of the market leaders for parcel services in Europe and Germany's main courier and parcel service.[7]

Vantaa distribution centre
Vantaa distribution centre
DHL delivery vehicle
DHL delivery vehicle

The company DHL itself was founded in San Francisco, United States, in 1969 and expanded its service throughout the world by the late 1970s. In 1979, under the name of DHL Air Cargo, the company entered the Hawaiian islands with an inter-island cargo service using two DC-3 and four DC-6 aircraft. Adrian Dalsey and Larry Hillblom personally oversaw the daily operations until its eventual bankruptcy closed the doors in 1983. At its peak, DHL Air Cargo employed just over 100 workers, management and pilots.

The company was primarily interested in offshore and intercontinental deliveries, but the success of FedEx prompted DHL's own domestic (intra-US) expansion starting in 1983. In 1998, Deutsche Post began to acquire shares in DHL. It reached controlling interest in 2001, and acquired all outstanding shares by December 2002.[8] The company then absorbed DHL into its Express division, while expanding the use of the DHL brand to other Deutsche Post divisions, business units, and subsidiaries. Today, DHL Express shares its DHL brand with business units such as DHL Global Forwarding and DHL Supply Chain.[9] It gained a foothold in the United States when it acquired Airborne Express.

The DHL Express financial results are published in the Deutsche Post AG annual report.[9] In 2016, this division's revenue increased by 2.7% to €14 billion.[10] The earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) increased by 11.3% over 2015 to €1.5 billion.[11]


Traditional DHL subsidiary in Steinfurt (Germany) sharing premises and logistics with Deutsche Post
Traditional DHL subsidiary in Steinfurt (Germany) sharing premises and logistics with Deutsche Post
DHL boat in Amsterdam, carrying DHL delivery bicycles on board
DHL boat in Amsterdam, carrying DHL delivery bicycles on board
DHL advertising on the Tren de la Costa light railway, Buenos Aires
DHL advertising on the Tren de la Costa light railway, Buenos Aires
DHL semitrailer truck
DHL semitrailer truck


While Larry Hillblom was studying law at University of California, Berkeley's Boalt Hall School of Law in the late 1960s, he accepted a job as a courier for the insurance company Michael's, Poe & Associates (MPA). He started running courier duty between Oakland International Airport and Los Angeles International Airport, picking up packages for the last flight of the day, and returning on the first flight the next morning, up to five times a week.[12]: 12 

After he graduated, Hillblom met with MPA salesman Adrian Dalsey and they planned to expand MPA's concept of fast delivery to other business enterprises. They flew between Honolulu and San Francisco, transporting bills of lading for their first client, Seatrain Lines.[12]: 17 

Name origins

Hillblom put up a portion of his student loans to start the company, bringing in his two friends Adrian Dalsey and Robert Lynn as partners, with the combined initials of their surnames as the company name (DHL).[13] They shared a Plymouth Duster that they drove around San Francisco to pick up the documents in suitcases, then rushed to the airport to book flights using another relatively new invention, the corporate credit card. As the business took off, they started hiring new couriers to join the company. Their first hires were Max and Blanche Kroll, whose apartment in Hawaii often became a makeshift flophouse for their couriers.

Domestic expansion

In the 1970s, DHL became an international delivery company, similar to Loomis and Purolator who were the only other international courier companies at the time. The only major competitor in the overnight market was Federal Express (FedEx), which did not open its first international service until 1981, expanding to Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Nevertheless, the domestic market was extremely profitable, and DHL was the third largest courier behind FedEx and UPS.

Deutsche Post purchase

Deutsche Post began to acquire shares in DHL in 1998, acquiring a controlling interest in 2001. By the end of 2002, Deutsche Post had acquired all of DHL's remaining stock, and absorbed the operation into its Express division.[8] The DHL brand was expanded to other Deutsche Post divisions, business units and subsidiaries. Today, DHL Express shares its DHL brand with other Deutsche Post business units, such as DHL Global Forwarding, DHL Freight, DHL Supply Chain, and DHL Global Mail.

After 2001

DHL G-BIKC: ex British Airways Boeing 757, converted to cargo type in 2001 – Landing at Madrid Airport (Spain) – Old DHL color scheme and logo
DHL G-BIKC: ex British Airways Boeing 757, converted to cargo type in 2001 – Landing at Madrid Airport (Spain) – Old DHL color scheme and logo

In 2002, DHL Introduced a new red-and-yellow color scheme and logo. This drastic color change was mainly due to their linkup with the Jordan Grand Prix Formula One racing team, who had to run yellow liveried cars because of contractual agreements with other main sponsors.[citation needed]

DHL Airways, Inc., which handled all US domestic flights, was renamed ASTAR Air Cargo in 2003, following a management buyout. DHL's airline had over 550 pilots in service in October 2008.[16] In August 2003, Deutsche Post acquired Airborne Express and began its integration into DHL.

A planned expansion by DHL at Brussels Airport created a political crisis in Belgium in 2004.[17] On 21 October 2004, DHL Express announced that it planned to move its European hub from Brussels to Leipzig, Germany (Vatry, France, was also considered but rejected). DHL's unions called a strike in response and paralyzed work for a day. On 8 November 2004, DHL Express invested €120 million in an Indian domestic courier, Blue Dart, becoming the majority shareholder in the company.[18]

In 2005, Deutsche Post made an offer to buy the contract logistics company Exel plc, which had just acquired Tibbett & Britten Group. On 14 December 2005, Deutsche Post announced the completion of the acquisition of Exel. DHL integrated Exel into its logistics division, rebranding the division's services as DHL Exel Supply Chain. Following that acquisition, DHL had a global workforce of 285,000 people (500,000 people including DPWN and other sister companies) and roughly $65 billion in annual sales.

In 2006, DHL won a ten-year contract worth £1.6 billion to run the NHS Supply Chain, part of the United Kingdom's National Health Service. Under the contract, DHL was responsible for providing logistics services for over 500,000 products to support 600 hospitals and other health providers in the UK.

In a 50/50 joint venture with Lufthansa Cargo, DHL Express co-founded a new cargo airline, AeroLogic, in 2007, based at Leipzig/Halle Airport. The carrier operated up to 11 Boeing 777F planes by 2012.[19] In December 2007, DHL became the first carrier to transport cargo via wind-powered ships, flying MS Beluga Skysails kites.

As part of the NHS contract, DHL opened a new 250,000 sq ft (23,000 m2) distribution centre[where?] in 2008 to act as a stock-holding hub for food and other products, with another distribution centre planned for opening in 2012. The two new distribution centres created about 1,000 new jobs.[20] In May 2008, DHL Aviation moved its central depot to Leipzig, Germany, leading to improved service and timeliness to the European Union.[citation needed] In the same month, DHL Express announced restructuring plans for its United States network, including termination of its business relationship with ABX Air and a new contract with competitor UPS for air freight operations.[21] Its cargo hub was also shifted from Wilmington to Louisville.[22][23] The Air Line Pilots Association, International protested,[24] but on 10 November 2008, DHL announced that it was cutting 9,500 jobs as it discontinued domestic air and ground operations within the United States due to economic uncertainty. However, it retained international services and was still in talks with UPS to transport DHL packages between U.S. airports.[25]

DHL ended domestic pickup and delivery service in the United States in 2009, effectively leaving UPS and FedEx as the two major express parcel delivery companies in the US.[26] Limited domestic service was still available from DHL, with the packages tendered to USPS for local delivery. In April 2009, UPS announced that DHL and UPS had terminated negotiations without an agreement for UPS to provide airlift for DHL packages between airports in North America. DHL said in a statement, "We have not been able to come to a conclusive agreement that is acceptable to both parties." DHL continued to use its current air cargo providers, ASTAR Air Cargo and ABX Air.[27]

The company sold its UK B2B and B2C domestic parcel operations in 2010 to British delivery company Home Delivery Network,[28] since renamed Yodel.[29]

In 2013, the company opened a newly expanded and upgraded global hub at the Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport in Hebron, Kentucky.[30] On 1 November 2013, it sold its UK domestic same-day operations to British courier Rico Logistics[31] but continued to offer time and day definite domestic services as well as international services in the UK.[32]

In late 2020, DHL entered agreements to deliver the COVID-19 vaccine manufactured by BioNTech and Pfizer.[33]

In March 2021, DHL Aviation announced the relocation of hub operations from Bergamo to Milan Malpensa Airport where DHL opened new logistics facilities.[34]

In October 2021, DHL said that it would raise its rates for customers in the United States by an average of 5.9 percent, starting on January 1, 2022.[35]


DHL van in Tokyo
DHL van in Tokyo

DHL Express's global headquarters are part of the Deutsche Post headquarters in Bonn.

Headquarters for the Americas are located in Plantation, Florida, while its Asia-Pacific and emerging markets headquarters are located in Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, and China. The European hub is in Leipzig, Germany.

Most of DHL Express' business is incorporated as DHL International GmbH.

Major competitors include FedEx, UPS and national post carriers such as United States Postal Service (USPS) and Royal Mail. However, DHL has a minor partnership with the USPS, which allows DHL to deliver small packages to the recipient through the USPS network known as DHL Global Mail, now known as DHL eCommerce. It is also the sole provider for transferring USPS mail in and out of Iraq and Afghanistan.

A private ambulance operated by DHL in London, UK
A private ambulance operated by DHL in London, UK

DHL offers worldwide services, including deliveries to countries such as Iraq, Afghanistan and Myanmar (formerly Burma). As it is German-owned, DHL is not affected by U.S. embargoes or sanctions and will ship to Cuba[36] and North Korea.[37][38] However, there are strict codes for delivering to North Korea, as the country has shaky relations with the West.[37]

As DHL is no longer a United States company, it is not allowed to make domestic flights between U.S. airports. DHL contracts these services to other providers.[25]

Environmental record

DHL has taken measures to control their environmental effect by use of alternative fuel vehicles. DHL changed vehicles in certain delivery fleets in order to use alternative fuels. Certain new vehicles use compressed natural gas, to which DHL hopes to convert 50% of their vehicles in the future.[39]

On 16 September 2005, DHL won a High Court injunction establishing an exclusion zone around each of its 288 buildings in the UK as well as the homes of its 18,000 UK employees. The firm has been the subject of a campaign of intimidation because of their business with Huntingdon Life Sciences. The judge banned protesters from coming within 50 yards (46 m) of any DHL premises or the homes of their employees as well as any organized demonstration within 100 yards (91 m) unless the police had been given four hours' notice. The injunction also protects anyone doing business with DHL from intimidation.[40]

Use of electric vehicles

Electric StreetScooter Work (2016)
Electric StreetScooter Work (2016)

In December 2014, Deutsche Post DHL purchased the StreetScooter company, a small manufacturer of electric vehicles as part of its long-term goal to reach zero emissions in its delivery operations.[41] By year end 2016, some 2,000 vehicles had been produced.[42][43]

In the future, electric vans with a much greater range will be required to achieve the long-term goal of replacing the entire Deutsche Post and DHL Express fleet of approximately 70,000 vehicles with StreetScooter models.[44]

In 2022, DHL is equipping 67 trucks in the US with TRAILAR solar mats, which power lift gates and other equipment for fuel savings.[45]

The Deutsche Post/DHL GoGreen program plans to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and local air pollutants; the company has four interim goals for doing so, to be achieved by 2025. The long-term goal, summarized by Frank Appel, chief executive officer, is more aggressive. "From now until 2050, our mission will be to drive our business toward zero [logistics related] emissions. We are setting the standard for the future of the transport sector and doing our part to help the world community reach its goal of limiting global warming to less than two degrees Celsius."[46]

BYD supplies DHL with electric distribution fleet of commercial BYD T3.[47]

DHL aviation

Main article: DHL Aviation

DHL Aero Expreso Boeing 757-200F
DHL Aero Expreso Boeing 757-200F

Deutsche Post owns five airline subsidiaries operating for DHL Express, operating approx. 250 aircraft and another 21 aircraft on order, which are collectively referred to as DHL Aviation. DHL Express is an equal partner in a sixth airline that operates for DHL Express:


DHL-colored Team Penske Porsche RS Spyder LMP2 racing cars of Penske Racing
DHL-colored Team Penske Porsche RS Spyder LMP2 racing cars of Penske Racing

For several years, DHL was the primary sponsor of the Penske Racing Porsche RS Spyder Le Mans Prototypes in the International Motor Sports Association American Le Mans Series. DHL have also sponsored Ryan Hunter-Reay's #28 IndyCar Series car for Andretti Autosport since 2011. They moved to Romain Grosjean in 2022. With DHL, Hunter-Reay won the championship for the 2012 IndyCar Series season as well as the 2014 Indianapolis 500. DHL was the main title sponsor of the Jordan Formula One team during 2002. Since then, DHL has become a regular track-side sponsor at various Formula One races throughout each year, as well as becoming the 'Official Logistics Partner' of the category. Since 2007, they have also sponsored the DHL Fastest Lap Award for the driver that achieves the fastest laps in a season.[48]

A Jordan Grand Prix Formula One car with a DHL paint scheme at the US Grand Prix at the Indianapolis track
A Jordan Grand Prix Formula One car with a DHL paint scheme at the US Grand Prix at the Indianapolis track

Manchester United Football Club announced them as their first training kit sponsor in August 2011, agreeing to a four-year deal with DHL reported to be worth £40 million; it is believed to be the first instance of training kit sponsorship in English football.[49][50] In 2014, FC Bayern Munich agreed to a six-year sponsorship deal with DHL.[51] In 2012, the company became the main sponsor of League of Ireland club Bohemian F.C.[52]

In 2011, DHL became the title sponsor of the South African Western Cape Rugby Union teams Western Province and the Stormers. This came into effect on 1 January 2011 for a period of three years.[53] DHL were still the current sponsor for both teams as of the 2017–2018 season.

For the 2011–12 Volvo Ocean Race DHL was one of four race partners providing logistics for this event.[54][55]

In 2014, the company sponsored, with IMG Fashion, DHL Exported, which was aimed at "assisting designers who are already successful locally to gain momentum internationally".[56] DHL Exported will "sponsor a chosen designer for two consecutive seasons at" the Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week in New York, London Fashion Week, Milan Fashion Week or Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Tokyo.[56] IMG Fashion "will accept applications from February 17 through April 2 at".[56]

Expanding its support to various cultural endeavors, in 2014 DHL signed as the Official Logistics partner for Cirque du Soleil. DHL transports up to 2,000 tonnes and 80 freight containers utilizing air, sea, and land to transport the equipment from one city to the next.[57]

In 2015, DHL became the main sponsor of Italian volleyball club Modena Volley, covering the whole men's SuperLega Italian championship and the CEV Champions League.[58]

DHL is a major sponsor of Surf Life Saving Australia.[59]

DHL Express,also came on board for the five times Indian Premier League (IPL) champions Mumbai Indians as a Principal Sponsor and Official Logistics Partner in 2021.[60]

Accidents and incidents

See also


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  2. ^ "Deutsche Post DHL – Board of Management".
  3. ^ "Deutsche Post DHL Group closes 2021 with record earnings". Deutsche Post DHL Group. March 2021.
  4. ^ DHL is an acronym for Dalsey, Hillblom and Lynn, the surnames of the original company's founders.
  5. ^ Fakler, John T. (15 July 2002). "DHL relocating sales, marketing to Plantation".
  6. ^ "Company Portrait". DHL Company Portrait. Retrieved 28 October 2022.
  7. ^ "Express-Logistik: DHL kämpft im Osten um Kunden". (in German). Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  8. ^ a b "Deutsche Post DHL Group - History".
  9. ^ a b "2016 Report" (PDF). DPHL. Deutsche Post AG. 8 March 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
  10. ^ Burns, Justin (8 March 2017). "Revenue falls, but earnings and operating profit up at DHL". Air Cargo Week. Azura International. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
  11. ^ "Deutsche Post DHL reports "record earnings" for 2016". Post and Parcen. 8 March 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
  12. ^ a b Scurlock, James D. (2012). King Larry: The Life and Ruins of an American Billionaire Genius. New York: Scribner. ISBN 9781416589228.
  13. ^ Services, From Times Wire (23 May 1995). "Larry Hillblom; Co-Founder of DHL Worldwide Express" – via LA Times.
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  18. ^ "DHL Commits 128 million euro for Investment in Domestic Express Services in India" (Press release). DHL. 8 November 2004. Archived from the original on 16 January 2010. Retrieved 31 October 2008.
  19. ^ Flight Global (28 January 2008). "AeroLogic outlines launch and expansion plans". Retrieved 31 October 2008.
  20. ^ DHL. "DHL UK press release". Retrieved 31 October 2008.
  21. ^ DHL. "DHL to restructure U.S. express business". Archived from the original on 21 November 2008. Retrieved 31 October 2008.
  22. ^ "UPS CEO says DHL deal could change". Cincinnati Business Courier.
  23. ^ "". Archived from the original on 18 July 2011.
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  33. ^ Miller, Joe. "DHL boss lambasts lack of 'foresight' in vaccines rollout". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 10 December 2022. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  34. ^ (German) 25 March 2021
  35. ^ O’Neal, Lydia (1 October 2021). "DHL Raising Rates for U.S. Shippers by 5.9%". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  36. ^ DHL. "Cuba". Retrieved 2 July 2010.
  37. ^ a b DHL. "Korea". Retrieved 2 July 2010.
  38. ^ Jong, Hwa Sun (12 May 2012). "DHL office works well in Pyongyang". Pyongyang times. George Washington University.
  39. ^ "DHL Makes CNG Alternative Fuel of Choice in UAE". 24 March 2007. Archived from the original on 29 May 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2012.
  40. ^ "DHL obtains court injunction". Victims of Animal Rights Extremism. Archived from the original on 27 December 2008. Retrieved 31 October 2008.
  41. ^ "Deutsche Post DHL übernimmt StreetScooter GmbH". Deutsche Post DHL. Deutsche Post AG. 9 December 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2017. Deutsche Post DHL hat den Kaufvertrag für die StreetScooter GmbH unterzeichnet - ein ehemaliges Start-up aus dem Umfeld der RWTH Aachen mit dem Ziel, wirtschaftliche Elektroautos zu entwickeln. Mit der Übernahme der StreetScooter GmbH, die noch unter dem Vorbehalt der fusionskontrollrechtlichen Freigabe steht, übernimmt Deutsche Post DHL auch die Entwicklungs- und Produktionsrechte an den Fahrzeugen sowie die Mitarbeiter. Die StreetScooter GmbH ist ein Spin-Off der RWTH Aachen und als Konsortium aus rund 80 Industrieunternehmen der Automobilindustrie und verwandter Branchen gestartet. Es wurde 2010 gegründet und beschäftigt 70 Mitarbeiter. Seit 2013 sind in Aachen im ehemaligen Talbot-/Bombardierwerk rund 200 StreetScooter Fahrzeuge produziert worden.
  42. ^ "Streetscooter - Der tausendste Elektro-Transporter der Post". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung GmbH. 23 August 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2017. Die Post will ihren gesamten Fuhrpark auf Elektro-Autos umstellen. Bis dahin dauert es noch. Einen wichtigen Schritt hat das Unternehmen nun aber gemacht.
  43. ^ Weiss, Richard (24 March 2017). "Even Germany's Post Office Is Building an Electric Car". Bloomberg. Bloomberg. Retrieved 26 March 2017. When Deutsche Post AG couldn't find a zero-emission delivery van that met its needs, it bought a startup and developed one.
  44. ^ "Deutsche Post DHL makes its own electric delivery vans". DW. Deutsche Welle. 15 June 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2017. Provided its StreetScooters can be produced cheaply enough compared to the alternative of buying e-vans from established auto makers, the bottom line of the world's biggest delivery services company stands to benefit from producing its own delivery vehicles - whether or not it eventually adds profits from sales of e-vans to third parties.
  45. ^ "DHL installing TRAILAR solar technology on 67 trucks in US". Green Car Congress. 28 February 2022. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  46. ^ "2017 Deutsche Post AG Our GoGreen environmental protection program". DP DHL. Deutsche Post. 8 March 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2017. By the year 2050 we want to reduce all logistics-related emissions to zero – a highly ambitious goal. To ensure progress towards the 2050 zero-emissions target, we have set four interim goals to be achieved by the year 2025.
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  54. ^ Volvo Ocean Race. "Volvo Ocean Race". Archived from the original on 25 January 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
  55. ^ And AFC Champions league Official Timing and Logistics Partner
  56. ^ a b c Lockwood, Lisa (5 February 2014). "DHL, IMG Fashion Launch Program to Boost Designers". WWD. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
  57. ^ DHL. "Partnerships: Cirque du Soleil." Retrieved June 20, 2016
  58. ^ Kennedy, Mike (2 October 2015). "Friday's Daily Deal round-up: Love, Raina and more". SportsProMedia. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  59. ^ "Partners - Surf Life Saving". Surf Life Saving. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  60. ^ "Sponsor - Mumbai Indians". Mumbai Indians.
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