IndyCar Series
Logo used since March 10, 2019
CategoryOpen-wheel racing
RegionUnited States United States
Canada Canada
Inaugural season1996[1]
Drivers33 (including part-time drivers running only in the Indianapolis 500 and other select races)
Teams12 (including part-time teams running only in the Indianapolis 500 and other select races)
Chassis suppliersDallara
Engine manufacturers
Tire suppliersFirestone
Drivers' championSpain Álex Palou
Makes' championJapan Honda
Official websiteindycar.com
Current season

The IndyCar Series, currently known as the NTT IndyCar Series under sponsorship, is the highest class of regional North American open-wheel single-seater formula racing cars in the United States.[2] Its parent company began in 1996 as the Indy Racing League (IRL), which was created by then Indianapolis Motor Speedway owner Tony George as a competitor to CART. CART operated under the "IndyCar" name from 1992 until 1996, when they agreed to change their name to Champ Car after a series of lawsuits, with the proviso that the IRL would not use "IndyCar" until after the 2002 season. In 2008, the IndyCar Series merged with CART's successor, the Champ Car World Series. The series is self-sanctioned by its parent company, INDYCAR, LLC.

The series' premier event is the Indianapolis 500 (Indy 500).

Overview

American open-wheel car racing (Indy car) sanctioning timeline
Sanctioning body 1905- 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s 2020s
AAA   unofficial   WWI   WWII                  
USAC               *                
CART                   * CART IndyCar CART Champ Car      
IRL                    
IRL IndyCar  
Golden bar indicates which body sanctioned the Indy 500 each year. White text indicates name of racing series (when applicable).

Series name

For 1996–1997, the series was simply referred to as the Indy Racing League. For 1998–1999, the series garnered its first title sponsor, and was advertised as the Pep Boys Indy Racing League. In 2000, the series sold its naming rights to Internet search engine Northern Light, and the series was named the Indy Racing Northern Light Series.[3]

The IndyCar Series name was officially adopted beginning in 2003, as the series was now legally entitled to use it due to the expiration of a 1996 legal settlement with CART. The series began to progressively downplay the former IRL name, changing its name to simply IndyCar for the 2008 season. Izod was announced as the series title sponsor beginning on November 5, 2009.[4] Izod ended its sponsorship after the 2013 season.[5]

In 2014, Verizon Communications became title sponsor of the series through 2018.[6] In January 2019, it was announced that Japanese communications company NTT would become title sponsor and official technology partner of the IndyCar Series.[7]

Cars and technology

Main article: IndyCar Series cars and technology

Modern IndyCar Series cars are mid-engined, open cockpit (including aeroscreen), open wheel single-seaters. The chassis is made largely of carbon-fibre composites, rendering it light but extremely stiff and strong. The whole car, including the driver, fuel, weighs only 1,650 lb (750 kg) on 1.5-mile speedways, superspeedways and Indianapolis 500; 1,680 lb (760 kg) on short ovals; 1,690 lb (770 kg) on road/street courses – the minimum weight set by the regulations. All IndyCar Series cars currently run on identical Dallara DW12 UAK18 (Mk. III) since 2018 season onwards.

Racetracks

Main article: List of IndyCar Series racetracks

Races in the IndyCar Series as of the 2020 season. Red dots represent ovals, blue dots represent road courses, black dots represent street circuits. Indianapolis hosts one oval race and two road course races.

After the split from IndyCar World Series, the Indy Racing League began as a pure oval race series. Alongside the prestigious Indy 500, the 1-mile oval tracks of Phoenix and Loudon were added to the schedule. In addition, the Hulman family oversaw the planning for the construction of a new track at Walt Disney World in Florida. On the new Walt Disney World Speedway the first IRL race took place in January 1996.

After the series was established, ovals used mainly by NASCAR were raced on. These included the newly built racetracks in Las Vegas and Fort Worth as well as the existing speedways of Charlotte and Atlanta. After a series of major accidents at Charlotte and Atlanta and a lack of spectator turnout, however, the ovals of Atlanta, Charlotte, and Las Vegas were removed from the calendar. For the 2001 season, the IRL also began to race on ovals that were being used by CART. The circuits of Homestead and Gateway changed from CART to the calendar of the IRL, with the race at Walt Disney World being dropped in favor of Homestead. In addition, the new 1.5-mile ovals of Kansas, Kentucky, and Chicagoland were added. These tracks were the backbone of the IRL until 2011. After Roger Penske sold his racetracks (Fontana, Michigan, and Nazareth) to the International Speedway Corporation, the IRL began racing at these tracks in the 2002 season. Nazareth Speedway only held three races before ISC closed the track in 2004. Michigan Speedway was raced until the 2007 season and the Auto Club Speedway, formerly California Speedway, until the 2015 season.

The first major change took place in the 2005 season. For the first time in the history of the IRL, races were held at road and street courses. A street course race in St. Petersburg has been added to the calendar. In addition, races at Sonoma and Watkins Glen, the two NASCAR road course circuits were added. In 2007, the Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course was added. After the Champ Car World Series was dissolved in 2008, some of their races were taken over by the IndyCar Series. These are the street races of Long Beach, Detroit, and Toronto, and starting in 2016, Road America. In addition, a road course race at Barber Motorsports Park in Birmingham and an oval race at Iowa Speedway were scheduled and held.

The second big change took place in the 2012 season. In 2011, the series returned for the first time since 2000 at the Las Vegas Motor Speedway. In the meantime, however, this circuit was rebuilt for NASCAR, increasing the banking of 12 degrees to progressive banking up to 20 degrees. This new configuration led to tight pack racing. To make matters worse, a $5 million bonus was offered if a driver from another series or racing discipline win the race, as it would be the last race for the current chassis, a record 34 cars entered this race (the Indy 500 field, by comparison, is capped at 33 cars). As a result of pack racing in combination with many cars and inexperienced drivers, a major crash occurred 13 laps in, injuring several drivers and killing the defending Indy 500 winner Dan Wheldon. This event led to massive media criticism of oval races for open-wheel vehicles. As a result, and also because of the gradual loss of spectators in the previous seasons, all oval races on 1.5-mile speedways, save for Texas Motor Speedway, were removed from the calendar. Only the oval races in Indianapolis, Milwaukee, Iowa, Texas, and Fontana remained for the next three seasons. Instead, more races were held in cities, including Houston, Baltimore, and São Paulo. In the following years, the calendar stabilized, with the return of races in Phoenix, Pocono, and Gateway, despite the races at Fontana, Pocono, Phoenix and Milwaukee being removed from the schedule after a short guest appearance due to insufficient crowd or bad promotion.

Since the 2012 season, the calendar consists of 1/3 of oval races, 1/3 of races on permanent natural road courses, and 1/3 of races on temporary street courses in larger cities. In 2019, an IndyCar race was held for the first time on a current Formula 1 racetrack, the "Indycar Classics" at the Circuit of the Americas in Austin, Texas.

Due to government restrictions on major events in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, many races that were scheduled for the 2020 season have been affected. For the first time since 1911, the Indianapolis 500 is not held on the traditional Sunday before Memorial Day. In addition, traditional street races in Long Beach, Detroit and Toronto were canceled. As compensation, double-header races take place in Road America, Iowa, Mid-Ohio and Gateway. A novelty for three of the four racetracks.

Teams

Team Manufacturer Base Founding year
A. J. Foyt Enterprises Chevrolet Speedway, Indiana 1965
Andretti Autosport Honda Indianapolis, Indiana 1993
Arrow McLaren SP Chevrolet Indianapolis, Indiana 2001
Carlin Motorsport Chevrolet Delray Beach, Florida 1996
Chip Ganassi Racing Honda Indianapolis, Indiana 1990
Dale Coyne Racing Honda Plainfield, Illinois 1988
Ed Carpenter Racing Chevrolet Indianapolis, Indiana 2008
Meyer Shank Racing Honda Pataskala, Ohio 2012
Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing Honda Brownsburg, Indiana 1991
Team Penske Chevrolet Mooresville, North Carolina 1968
Juncos Hollinger Racing Chevrolet Speedway, Indiana 1997

Championship point system

Further information: List of American Championship car racing point scoring systems § ICS Championships_2013–present

Like other governing bodies, IndyCar awards points based upon where a driver finishes in a race. The winner of a race gets 50 points. The top three drivers are separated by ten and five points respectively. The fourth through tenth-place finishers are separated by two points each. Eleventh through twenty-fifth are separated by one point each. All other drivers who start the race score five points. Bonus points are awarded as follows: one point to the driver that earns the pole each race (except at Indianapolis), one point to any driver that leads at least one lap in a race, and two additional bonus points to the driver that leads the most laps each race.

For the Indianapolis 500, qualifying points are awarded for all 33 cars at the Indianapolis 500. The point scale slides based on the teams that qualify for the top-nine shootout, then descending by speed and position.

As of 2014, the Indianapolis 500 now awards double points for the finishing place.

In the case of a tie, the IndyCar Series will determine the champion based on the most first-place finishes. If there is still a tie, IndyCar Series will determine the champion by the most second-place finishes, then the most third-place finishes, etc., until a champion is determined. IndyCar Series will apply the same system to other ties in the rankings at the close of the season and at any other time during the season.

Seasons

Further information: List of American open-wheel racing national champions and List of American Championship Car Rookie of the Year Winners

The following table is a list of championships going only as far back as the latest sanctioning body's existence. However, championships that took place before that period (under previously existed sanctioning bodies) are also counted as part of one continuous championship following the merger of CART/Champ Car into the Indy Racing League in 2008. That is when the IRL acquired all intellectual property and historic records, going as far back as 1909.

Season Drivers' Champion Engine
Manufacturers'
Champion
Rookie of the Year Most Popular Driver
Driver Age Car No. Team Chassis Engine
19961 United States Scott Sharp 28 11 A. J. Foyt Enterprises Lola Ford-Cosworth not awarded not awarded not awarded
United States Buzz Calkins 25 12 Bradley Motorsports Reynard Ford-Cosworth
1996–97 United States Tony Stewart 26 2 Team Menard G-Force Oldsmobile Oldsmobile United States Jim Guthrie Netherlands Arie Luyendyk
1998 Sweden Kenny Bräck 32 14 A. J. Foyt Enterprises Dallara Oldsmobile Oldsmobile United States Robby Unser Netherlands Arie Luyendyk
1999 United States Greg Ray 33 2 Team Menard Dallara Oldsmobile Oldsmobile United States Scott Harrington Canada Scott Goodyear
2000 United States Buddy Lazier 32 91 Hemelgarn Racing Dallara Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Brazil Airton Daré United States Al Unser, Jr.
2001 United States Sam Hornish, Jr. 22 4 Panther Racing Dallara Oldsmobile Oldsmobile Brazil Felipe Giaffone United States Sarah Fisher
2002 United States Sam Hornish, Jr. (2) 23 4 Panther Racing Dallara Chevrolet Chevrolet France Laurent Rédon United States Sarah Fisher
2003 New Zealand Scott Dixon 23 9 Chip Ganassi Racing G-Force Toyota Toyota United Kingdom Dan Wheldon2 United States Sarah Fisher
2004 Brazil Tony Kanaan 29 11 Andretti Green Racing Dallara Honda Honda Japan Kosuke Matsuura United States Sam Hornish, Jr.
2005 United Kingdom Dan Wheldon 27 26 Andretti Green Racing Dallara Honda Honda United States Danica Patrick United States Danica Patrick
20063 United States Sam Hornish, Jr. (3) 27 6 Penske Racing Dallara Honda not awarded4 United States Marco Andretti United States Danica Patrick
2007 United Kingdom Dario Franchitti 34 27 Andretti Green Racing Dallara Honda United States Ryan Hunter-Reay United States Danica Patrick
2008 New Zealand Scott Dixon (2) 28 9 Chip Ganassi Racing Dallara Honda Japan Hideki Mutoh United States Danica Patrick5
2009 United Kingdom Dario Franchitti (2) 36 10 Chip Ganassi Racing Dallara Honda Brazil Raphael Matos United States Danica Patrick
2010 United Kingdom Dario Franchitti (3) 37 10 Chip Ganassi Racing Dallara Honda United Kingdom Alex Lloyd United States Danica Patrick
20116 United Kingdom Dario Franchitti (4) 38 10 Chip Ganassi Racing Dallara Honda Canada James Hinchcliffe United Kingdom Dan Wheldon7
2012 United States Ryan Hunter-Reay 31 28 Andretti Autosport Dallara Chevrolet Chevrolet France Simon Pagenaud Canada James Hinchcliffe
2013 New Zealand Scott Dixon (3) 33 9 Chip Ganassi Racing Dallara Honda Chevrolet France Tristan Vautier Brazil Tony Kanaan
2014 Australia Will Power 33 12 Team Penske Dallara Chevrolet Chevrolet Colombia Carlos Muñoz Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya
2015 New Zealand Scott Dixon8 (4) 35 9 Chip Ganassi Racing Dallara Chevrolet Chevrolet Colombia Gabby Chaves United Kingdom Justin Wilson9
2016 France Simon Pagenaud 32 22 Team Penske Dallara Chevrolet Chevrolet United States Alexander Rossi United States Bryan Clauson10
2017 United States Josef Newgarden 26 2 Team Penske Dallara Chevrolet Chevrolet United Arab Emirates Ed Jones United States Conor Daly
2018 New Zealand Scott Dixon (5) 38 9 Chip Ganassi Racing Dallara Honda Honda Canada Robert Wickens Canada James Hinchcliffe
2019 United States Josef Newgarden (2) 28 2 Team Penske Dallara Chevrolet Honda Sweden Felix Rosenqvist not awarded
2020 New Zealand Scott Dixon (6) 40 9 Chip Ganassi Racing Dallara Honda Honda Netherlands Rinus VeeKay United States Alexander Rossi
2021 Spain Álex Palou 24 10 Chip Ganassi Racing Dallara Honda Honda New Zealand Scott McLaughlin
  1. ^ In 1996, Scott Sharp and Buzz Calkins were tied in the final standings and were declared co-champions. Calkins had one win, as opposed to Sharp being winless, but no tiebreakers were in place.
  2. ^ Although it was Scott Dixon's first year in the IRL IndyCar Series and he won the championship, he was not considered a rookie because of earlier CART experience.
  3. ^ In 2006, Sam Hornish, Jr. and Dan Wheldon were tied in the final standings for first place. This time, IndyCar had tiebreakers, and Hornish clinched the championship by having more victories than Wheldon during the season.
  4. ^ Between 2006 and 2011, Honda was the sole engine manufacturer of the series and thus no engine manufacturers' championships were awarded during this period.
  5. ^ Although no report was officially released about it in 2008, IndyCar.com confirmed in 2009 that Danica Patrick being named Most Popular Driver was her "fifth consecutive" win of the award.[8]
  6. ^ The 2011 season was originally supposed to end at Las Vegas, but the death of Dan Wheldon in an early crash caused IndyCar to abandon the race. The points reset to the standings as of the scheduled penultimate race at Kentucky, with Franchitti winning the championship.
  7. ^ Posthumously awarded to Dan Wheldon by a vote of members on the official IndyCar Nation website. This marked the first time a part-time driver won the award.
  8. ^ Dixon and Juan Pablo Montoya finished tied in points, Dixon winning the title based on wins (3 to 2).
  9. ^ Posthumously awarded to Justin Wilson by a vote of members on the official IndyCar Nation website. This marked the second time a part-time driver won the award.
  10. ^ Posthumously awarded to Bryan Clauson by a vote of members on the official IndyCar Nation website. This marked the third time a part-time driver won the award.

Individual discipline trophies

Starting in 2010, the series began recognizing two sub-set championship trophies alongside the season championship. The two primary disciplines of IndyCar (ovals and road courses) were named after respective legends of the sport: A. J. Foyt and Mario Andretti, respectively. The discipline trophies were created as the series moved closer to a 50/50 split of oval and road races, and to encourage incentive for part-time entries – specifically, those that might prefer to compete in one discipline over the other.

This arrangement also creates a reasonable opportunity for a team to employ the services of two drivers for one season entry. A team could hire a specialist for ovals and a specialist for road/street courses, who combined would maintain the entry's total owner points but individually work towards their own separate disciplines.

Note that street courses are included as part of the road racing discipline. Since 2013, the individual discipline trophies have received markedly less fanfare.

Season A. J. Foyt
Oval Trophy
Mario Andretti
Road Course Trophy
2010 United Kingdom Dario Franchitti Australia Will Power
2011 New Zealand Scott Dixon Australia Will Power
2012 United States Ryan Hunter-Reay Australia Will Power
Season A. J. Foyt
Former Oval Trophy
Mario Andretti
Former Road Course Trophy
2013 Brazil Hélio Castroneves New Zealand Scott Dixon
2014 Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya Australia Will Power
2015 Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya Australia Will Power
2016 United States Josef Newgarden France Simon Pagenaud
2017 Brazil Hélio Castroneves United States Josef Newgarden
2018 Australia Will Power New Zealand Scott Dixon
2019 France Simon Pagenaud New Zealand Scott Dixon
2020 New Zealand Scott Dixon United States Josef Newgarden
2021 Mexico Pato O'Ward Spain Álex Palou

Statistics

Championships by driver

Main article: List of American Championship Car winners § National Championships chart

Driver Total Seasons
New Zealand Scott Dixon 6 2003, 2008, 2013, 2015, 2018, 2020
United Kingdom Dario Franchitti 4 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011
United States Sam Hornish Jr. 3 2001, 2002, 2006
United States Josef Newgarden 2 2017, 2019
United States Scott Sharp 1 1996
United States Buzz Calkins 1996
United States Tony Stewart 1997
Sweden Kenny Bräck 1998
United States Greg Ray 1999
United States Buddy Lazier 2000
Brazil Tony Kanaan 2004
United Kingdom Dan Wheldon 2005
United States Ryan Hunter-Reay 2012
Australia Will Power 2014
France Simon Pagenaud 2016
Spain Álex Palou 2021

Championships by team

Main article: List of American Championship Car winners § National Championships chart

Team Total Seasons
Chip Ganassi Racing 10 2003, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2018, 2020, 2021
Team Penske 5 2006, 2014, 2016, 2017, 2019
Andretti Autosport 4 2004, 2005, 2007, 2012
A. J. Foyt Enterprises 2 1996, 1998
Team Menard 1997, 1999
Panther Racing 2001, 2002
Bradley Motorsports 1 1996
Hemelgarn Racing 2000

Championships by engine manufacturer

Manufacturer Total Drivers' titles Manufacturers' titles
Honda 18 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2018, 2020, 2021 2004, 2005, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021
Chevrolet 14 2002, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2019 2002, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017
Oldsmobile 10 1996–97, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001 1996–97, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001
Toyota 2 2003 2003
Ford-Cosworth 1 1996 none

Television

The three-race inaugural season was televised on ABC. The 1996–97 season was broadcast by ABC, CBS and ESPN. In 1998, TNN was added to the rotation.[9][10] In 1999, Fox Sports Net aired the majority of the races, and the remaining ones aired on Fox, ABC and ESPN2.[11] From 2000 to 2008, ABC and ESPN were the exclusive television partners of the Indy Racing League.[12]

In 2009, Versus (later NBCSN) began a 10-year deal to broadcast 13 IndyCar races per season, whereas the remaining races, including the Indianapolis 500, would remain on ABC through 2018.[13] As of the 2018 season, ABC aired 5 races per-season (plus two days of qualifying for the Indianapolis 500), with NBCSN or other NBCUniversal networks (in the event of scheduling conflicts) airing the remainder of the schedule.[14] On March 21, 2018, it was announced that NBC Sports would become the sole U.S. rightsholder of the IndyCar Series beginning in 2019, under a new three-year contract. NBCSN will continue as the primary broadcast outlet for most races, and overflow content will be available through its subscription service NBC Sports Gold. Eight races per-season will be televised by NBC—including the Indianapolis 500, marking the first time in 54 years that the race was not televised by ABC.[15][16][17][18]

In the United Kingdom, since the launch of BT Sport in August 2013 races are shown on one of the BT branded channels or ESPN. Previous to August 2013, the IndyCar Series races were broadcasts on the Sky Sports family of networks, with the viewing figures of the IndyCar races in the UK outnumbering those of NASCAR races. The IndyCar Series also had highlights of all the races on the channel Five British terrestrial channel and Five USA, but has since been discontinued since the 2009 season.[19] For the 2019 season broadcasts returned to Sky Sports, with the series being shown on their F1 channel.

In Portugal, all of the IndyCar Series are broadcast on Sport TV.

In February 2013, Sportsnet announced that it would become the official Canadian broadcaster of the IndyCar Series beginning in the 2013 season in a five-year deal with the series. The new contract will include broadcasts on the Sportsnet regional networks, Sportsnet One, and City, along with mobile coverage and French rights sub-licensed to TVA Sports. Additionally, Sportsnet would also originate coverage from the Firestone Grand Prix of St. Petersburg, Indianapolis 500, and Honda Indy Toronto with Bill Adam, Todd Lewis, and Rob Faulds. Canadian driver Paul Tracy also joined Sportsnet as an analyst.[20]

In Brazil, DAZN is IndyCar's broadcast partner in that country since 2019, with all races, qualifying and practice sessions live. Previously, SBT broadcast the first two races of IRL, but following complaints by Tony George because of the schedule of the transmission (VTs at 1:30AM), and because they also aired the CART series, he took the transmission rights from Emerson Fittipaldi gave them to Rede Bandeirantes to broadcast that year's season from the Indy 500 onwards. Band aired the series from 1996 to 2001 and from 2004 until 2020 (the latter period together with BandSports). SporTV also broadcast races from 2001 until 2004. Since the 2021 season, the event is being broadcast by TV Cultura.[21]

ESPN was the international broadcast partner of IndyCar Series in the rest of Latin America until 2018.

Eurosport has been the international broadcast partner of IndyCar in most of Europe (except in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Russia, and the United Kingdom).

In the late 2000s, the official website streamed online all races, qualifying and practice sessions unrestricted. That service is now limited in the United States to television subscribers of the respective television network broadcasters.

Logo history

See also

References

  1. ^ The first American championship car season took place in 1905.
  2. ^ "IndyCar lands title sponsor". IndyStar.com. 2009-11-03. Archived from the original on November 6, 2009. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
  3. ^ "Indy Racing and Northern Light end partnership". Motorsport.com. 2002-01-07. Archived from the original on 2008-05-03. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
  4. ^ "Izod is IndyCar Series title sponsor". autoweek.com. 2009-11-06. Archived from the original on December 12, 2009. Retrieved 2010-10-29.
  5. ^ "Izod dropping IndyCar Series sponsorship". Indianapolis Business Journal. September 27, 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-10-24. Retrieved December 1, 2013.
  6. ^ "NBC Sports is riding co-pilot in IndyCar's title sponsor search". Advertising Age. Archived from the original on 2018-08-30. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  7. ^ "IndyCar Names NTT as IndyCar Series Title Sponsor, Official Technology Partner". Sports Video Group. Retrieved 2019-01-19.
  8. ^ indycar.com Staff (2009-10-19). "Night for the fans". IndyCar.com. Retrieved 2010-08-23.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "IRL Adds TNN to its family as all '98 races on broadcast TV". Sports Business Daily. 1997-12-04. Archived from the original on 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
  10. ^ 1998 IRL Races To Be Covered On Four Major Television Networks - The Auto Channel, 4 December 1997
  11. ^ ABC, ESPN2 to Televise Final Two Races of '99 Pep Boys IRL Season - The Auto Channel, 16 July 1999
  12. ^ ABC, ESPN stay on Indy circuit - Broadcasting Cable, 1 September 2001
  13. ^ "IndyCar Announces New TV Deal". insideindianabusiness.com. 2008-08-07. Archived from the original on 2013-05-07. Retrieved 2010-10-29.
  14. ^ "2016 Schedule" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-07-01. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  15. ^ "INDYCAR SIGNS MULTIYEAR MEDIA RIGHTS PACKAGE WITH NBC SPORTS GROUP". IndyCar Series. March 21, 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-03-22. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  16. ^ "NBC SPORTS GROUP AND INDYCAR PARTNER ON COMPREHENSIVE, MULTI-YEAR MEDIA RIGHTS AGREEMENT" (Press release). NBC Sports Group. March 21, 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-03-24. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  17. ^ Ayello, Jim (March 21, 2018). "The Indy 500 will soon have a new TV network". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on 2018-03-22. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  18. ^ Steinberg, Brian (March 21, 2018). "NBC Sports Grabs Indianapolis 500 Rights From ABC After 54 Years". Variety. Archived from the original on 2018-03-22. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  19. ^ "TV Feed". About Five. Archived from the original on 2009-08-17. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
  20. ^ "Blanketing Canada with in-depth series coverage". IndyCar.com. Archived from the original on 2 March 2013. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  21. ^ "Depois de fechar com Fórmula E, TV Cultura anuncia Fórmula Indy". NaTelinha (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2021-05-30.