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Revolutions per minute
Unit ofRotational speed
Symbolrpm or r/min
1 rpm in ...... is equal to ...
   SI angular speed   /60 rad/s ≈ 0.1047198 rad/s
   SI frequency   1/60 Hz ≈ 0.01666667 Hz
   SI derived rotational frequency   1/60 s−1, 1/60/s
   SI derived rotational speed   1 min−1, 1/min

Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, rev/min, r/min, or with the notation min−1) is the number of turns in one minute. It is a unit of rotational speed or the frequency of rotation around a fixed axis.

International System of Units

According to the International System of Units (SI), rpm is not a unit. This is because the word revolution is a semantic annotation rather than a unit. The annotation is instead done as a subscript of the formula sign if needed. Because of the measured physical quantity, the formula sign has to be f for (rotational) frequency and ω or Ω for angular velocity. The corresponding basic SI derived unit is s−1 or Hz. When measuring angular speed, the unit radians per second is used.

Although they have the same dimensions (s−1), hertz (Hz) and radian per second (rad/s) are two different units, representing two different but proportional ISQ quantities: frequency and angular frequency (angular speed, magnitude of angular velocity). The conversions between a frequency f (measured in hertz) and an angular velocity ω (measured in radians per second) are:

Thus a disc rotating at 60 rpm is said to be rotating at either 2π rad/s or 1 Hz, where the former measures the angular velocity and the latter reflects the number of revolutions per second.

If the non-SI unit rpm is considered a unit of frequency, then 1 rpm = 1/60 Hz. If it instead is considered a unit of angular velocity and the word "revolution" is considered to mean 2π radians, then 1 rpm = 2π/60 rad/s.


Main article: Orders of magnitude (angular velocity)

See also


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