L-100 Hercules
A Saudia L-100-30 during RIAT 2011
Role Transport aircraft
National origin United States
Manufacturer Lockheed
Lockheed Martin (LM-100J)
First flight April 20, 1964 (L-100)
May 25, 2017 (LM-100J)[1]
Introduction September 30, 1965
Status In limited service for cargo transport (L-100)
Flight testing (LM-100J)
Primary users Indonesian Air Force
Lynden Air Cargo
Transafrik International
Produced 1964–1992, 2018– (LM-100J planned)
Number built 114
Developed from Lockheed C-130 Hercules
Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules

The Lockheed L-100 Hercules is the civilian variant of the prolific C-130 Hercules military transport aircraft made by the Lockheed Corporation. Its first flight occurred in 1964. Longer L-100-20 and L-100-30 versions were developed. L-100 production ended in 1992 with 114 aircraft delivered.[2][3] An updated variant of the model, LM-100J, has completed its first flight in Marietta, Georgia on 25 May 2017, and was set to start production in 2018–19.[needs update][4]


In 1959, Pan American World Airways ordered 12 of Lockheed's GL-207 Super Hercules to be delivered by 1962, to be powered by four 6,000 eshp Allison T56 turboprops.[5] Slick Airways was to receive 6 such aircraft later in 1962. The Super Hercules was to be 23 ft 4 in (7.11 m) longer than the C-130B; a variant powered by 6,445 eshp Rolls-Royce Tynes and a jet-powered variant with four Pratt & Whitney JT3D-11 turbofans were also under development. Both Pan American and Slick Airways (which had ordered six) canceled their orders and the other variants did not evolve past design studies.

Lockheed decided to produce a commercial variant based on a de-militarised version of the C-130E Hercules.[citation needed] The prototype L-100 (registered N1130E) first flew on April 20, 1964, when it carried out a 25-hour, 1 minute flight, the longest first flight of a commercial aircraft at the time.[6] The type certificate was awarded on 16 February 1965. Twenty-one production aircraft were then built with the first delivery to Continental Air Services on September 30, 1965.

A Tepper Aviation L-100-30 taking off from Mojave Spaceport, California
A Safair Lockheed L-100-30

Slow sales led to the development of two new, longer versions, the L-100-20 and L-100-30, both of which were larger and more economical than the original model.[citation needed] Deliveries totaled 114 aircraft, with production ending in 1992. Several L-100-20 aircraft were operated on scheduled freight flights by Delta Air Lines between 1968 and 1973.

An updated civilian version of the Lockheed Martin C-130J-30 Super Hercules was under development, but the program was placed on hold indefinitely in 2000 to focus on military development and production.[2][3] On February 3, 2014, Lockheed Martin formally relaunched the LM-100J program, saying it expects to sell 75 aircraft. Lockheed sees the new LM-100J as an ideal replacement for the existing civil L-100 fleets.[7]

The launch operator for the LM-100J will be Pallas Aviation, from 2019 they will operate two aircraft from Fort Worth Alliance Airport in the United States.[8] By early March 2022 the three LM-100J aircraft (tail numbers N96MG, N71KM and N67AU) then owned by Pallas had begun flying dozens of flights between Ramstein AB and secondary military air facilities at Nowe Miasto nad Pilicą, Poland; Boboc, Romania; Sliač, Slovakia; Lielvārde, Latvia and Aalborg, Denmark.[9][10]


A Lockheed L-100-20 of Delta Air Lines operating a freight flight from Atlanta Hartsfield Airport, Georgia
A SFair L-100

Civilian variants are equivalent to the C-130E model without pylon tanks or military equipment.

L-100 (Model 382)
One prototype powered by four Allison 501-D22s and first flown in 1964
L-100 (Model 382B)
Production variant
L-100-20 (Model 382E and Model 382F)
Stretched variant certified in 1968 with a new 5 ft (1.5 m) section forward of the wing and 3 ft 4 in (1.02 m) section aft of the wing.
L-100-30 (Model 382G)
A further stretched variant with an additional 6 ft 8 in (2.03 m) fuselage section.
LM-100J (Model 382J)
An updated civilian version of the military C-130J-30 model.[11]
L-400 Twin Hercules
A twin-engine variant of the C-130. It was advertised in at least one publication that it would have "more than 90% parts commonality" with the standard C-130. The aircraft was shelved in the mid-1980s without any being built.[12][13]


Civilian operators

In March 2011, a total of 36 Lockheed L-100 Hercules aircraft were in commercial service. Operators include Lynden Air Cargo (10), Transafrik (5), Libyan Arab Air Cargo (3), and other operators with fewer aircraft.[14]

Military operators

In May 2011, 35 Lockheed L-100s were in use with military operators, including:

Other users with fewer aircraft.[15]

Specifications (L-100-30)

Data from International Directory of Civil Aircraft,[2] Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft[17]

General characteristics


Accidents and incidents

See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era


  1. ^ Now defunct UK company, not to be confused with the current Australian company
  1. ^ https://news.lockheedmartin.com/2017-05-25-Lockheed-Martins-LM-100J-Commercial-Freighter-Makes-Successful-First-Flight
  2. ^ a b c Frawley, Gerald. The International Directory of Civil Aircraft, 2003/2004. Fishwick, Act: Aerospace Publications, 2003. ISBN 1-875671-58-7.
  3. ^ a b Lockheed L-100 Hercules. airliners.net
  4. ^ Grady, Mary (May 30, 2017). "First Flight For Lockheed Freighter". AVweb. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
  5. ^ René J. Francillon: Lockheed Aircraft since 1913. Putnam Aeronautical Books, London 1987, ISBN 0-85177-805-4, p. 372.
  6. ^ "Service news" (PDF). lockheedmartin.com. Retrieved June 29, 2023.
  7. ^ "Lockheed launches civil version of C-130J military transport plane". Reuters. February 3, 2014.
  8. ^ John Hemmerdinger (October 12, 2018). "Lockheed lands low-profile launch customer for LM-130J". FlightGlobal.
  9. ^ OSINTtechnical [@Osinttechnical] (April 2, 2022). "In March, N67AU and N71KM, run by Pallas Aviation made 39 trips between Ramstein Air Base in Germany and Nowe Miasto Nad Pilica Airport in Poland. t.co/HDGiqfLhl5 t.co/LCHAqwOzCt" (Tweet). Archived from the original on November 8, 2022. Retrieved December 4, 2022 – via Twitter.
  10. ^ Gerjon | חריון | غريون | ኼርዮን [@Gerjon_] (July 26, 2022). "They are the following two aircraft, both hidden on @flightradar24: 🇺🇸N71KM #A97AA1 🇺🇸N67AU #A8D972 *I counted these by hand so there might be a slight difference between my numbers and reality" (Tweet). Archived from the original on July 26, 2022. Retrieved December 4, 2022 – via Twitter.
  11. ^ "Lockheed-Martin to Update Civilian Version of the Hercules". February 5, 2014. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
  12. ^ "| Code One Magazine". www.codeonemagazine.com. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  13. ^ "L400-half-Hercules.jpg". C-130 Hercules.net – The internet's No. 1 C-130 resource. April 15, 2016. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  14. ^ "World Airliner Census". Flight International, 18–24 August 2009.
  15. ^ "World Military Aircraft Inventory". 2009 Aerospace Source Book. Aviation Week and Space Technology, January 2009.
  16. ^ US notifies Congress of potential Libyan C-130J saleFlightGlobal, 11 June 2013
  17. ^ Donald, David, ed. "Lockheed C-130 Hercules". The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Barnes & Nobel Books, 1997. ISBN 0-7607-0592-5.
  18. ^ NTSB report of the crash of L-382G N-517SJ, at Travis AFB, California
  19. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Lockheed L-100-20 Hercules N521SJ Wau Airport (WUU)".
  20. ^ ASN Aircraft accident Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules PK-PLV Hong Kong-Kai Tak International Airport (HKG)
  21. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Lockheed L-100-20 Hercules 4593 Barangay Bukana, San Pedro Extension, Davao City".
  22. ^ Olausson, Lars, "Lockheed Hercules Production List – 1954–2005, 22nd ed.", self-published, page 104.