Zhumadian
驻马店市
Chumatien
Zhumadian in Henan
Zhumadian
Zhumadian
Location on the North China Plain
Zhumadian
Zhumadian
Zhumadian (China)
Coordinates (Zhumadian municipal government): 33°00′50″N 114°01′19″E / 33.014°N 114.022°E / 33.014; 114.022Coordinates: 33°00′50″N 114°01′19″E / 33.014°N 114.022°E / 33.014; 114.022
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHenan
County-level divisions10
Municipal seatYicheng District
Area
 • Prefecture-level city15,083 km2 (5,824 sq mi)
 • Urban
778 km2 (300 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,849 km2 (714 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census for total, 2010 otherwise[2])
 • Prefecture-level city7,008,427
 • Density460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Urban
721,670
 • Urban density930/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,215,653
 • Metro density660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
463000
Area code(s)0396
ISO 3166 codeCN-HA-17
GDP¥4,184 per capita (2003)
Major NationalitiesHan
License plate prefixesQ
Websitezhumadian.gov.cn

Zhumadian (simplified Chinese: 驻马店; traditional Chinese: 駐馬店; pinyin: Zhùmǎdiàn; postal: Chumatien) is a prefecture-level city in southern Henan province, China. It borders Xinyang to the south, Nanyang to the west, Pingdingshan to the northwest, Luohe to the north, Zhoukou to the northeast, and the province of Anhui to the east.

Its total population was 7,008,427 as of the 2020 census. However, as of the 2010 census 1,215,653 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of Yicheng District and Suiping County now conurbated.[3]

It was once the center of the Cai state during the Eastern Zhou era. The state leaves its name in several of the subdivisions of including Shangcai County and Xincai County.

Administrative divisions

The prefecture-level city of Zhumadian administers 1 district and 9 counties.

Map

Geography

Zhumadian is situated at 32° 18'−33° 35' N latitude, and 113° 10'−115° 12' E longitude, with a maximum east–west width of 191.5 kilometres (119.0 mi), and at most 137.5 kilometres (85.4 mi) long from south to north. The area of the prefecture is 15,083 square kilometres (5,824 sq mi), occupying 8.9% of the total provincial area. Neighbouring prefectures are:

The terrain is dominated by mountains, hills, hillocks, and plains.

Climate

Zhumadian has a four-season, monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with cold, somewhat damp, winters, and hot, humid summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 1.5 °C (34.7 °F) in January to 27.3 °C (81.1 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 15.15 °C (59.3 °F). More than 60% of the annual precipitation of 990 mm (39 in) occurs from June to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 39% in March to 46% in four months, the city receives 1,927 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Zhumadian (1981−2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.3
(70.3)
25.7
(78.3)
30.8
(87.4)
35.8
(96.4)
37.7
(99.9)
41.0
(105.8)
41.9
(107.4)
41.5
(106.7)
38.8
(101.8)
34.7
(94.5)
30.1
(86.2)
21.7
(71.1)
41.9
(107.4)
Average high °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
9.4
(48.9)
14.5
(58.1)
21.5
(70.7)
27.0
(80.6)
31.1
(88.0)
31.8
(89.2)
30.5
(86.9)
26.9
(80.4)
21.9
(71.4)
15.0
(59.0)
8.6
(47.5)
20.4
(68.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
4.2
(39.6)
9.0
(48.2)
15.8
(60.4)
21.2
(70.2)
25.7
(78.3)
27.3
(81.1)
26.0
(78.8)
21.6
(70.9)
16.3
(61.3)
9.6
(49.3)
3.6
(38.5)
15.2
(59.3)
Average low °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
0.0
(32.0)
4.3
(39.7)
10.2
(50.4)
15.7
(60.3)
20.7
(69.3)
23.5
(74.3)
22.4
(72.3)
17.4
(63.3)
11.8
(53.2)
5.2
(41.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
10.7
(51.3)
Record low °C (°F) −18.0
(−0.4)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−10.0
(14.0)
−1.2
(29.8)
4.4
(39.9)
10.7
(51.3)
16.0
(60.8)
13.9
(57.0)
7.1
(44.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
−8.7
(16.3)
−14.8
(5.4)
−18.1
(−0.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 21.9
(0.86)
25.0
(0.98)
49.3
(1.94)
51.2
(2.02)
91.6
(3.61)
121.4
(4.78)
235.1
(9.26)
174.9
(6.89)
100.7
(3.96)
62.4
(2.46)
37.7
(1.48)
18.9
(0.74)
990.1
(38.98)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.3 5.9 8.6 7.9 9.8 9.2 12.7 11.3 9.5 8.7 6.2 4.9 100.0
Average relative humidity (%) 68 69 70 69 69 69 80 83 77 71 70 68 72
Mean monthly sunshine hours 129.8 122.6 144.0 178.9 192.9 194.9 183.8 176.4 159.4 157.8 144.4 141.8 1,926.7
Percent possible sunshine 41 40 39 46 45 46 42 43 43 45 46 46 44
Source: China Meteorological Administration (precipitation days and sunshine 1971–2000)[4][5]

Agriculture

Mainly wheat, maize, peanut, sesame, green beans and tobacco.

Culture

Zhumadian has a rich cultural history and the birthplace of many great people in ancient times[citation needed]. There is an old site of Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai who are the characters in the Butterfly Lovers, a famous Chinese story.

Dams

Zhumadian has 62 different dams including Banqiao Dam within its territory. The failure of the Banqiao and Shimantan Dams in 1975, which caused more than 150,000 casualties and made more than 10 million people homeless, is considered the biggest catastrophe of its kind.

Transportation

One of the Chinese main highways, China National Highway 107, runs through Zhumadian. Zhumadian also has its own transportation system.

References

  1. ^ 最新人口信息 www.hongheiku.com (in Chinese). hongheiku. Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  2. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/en/china/henan/admin/
  3. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/en/china/henan/admin/
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  5. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2010-05-25.