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Huainan
淮南市
Hwainan
Tongfei Gate, Shou County.jpg
Location of Huainan City jurisdiction in Anhui
Location of Huainan City jurisdiction in Anhui
Coordinates (Huainan railway station plaza): 32°37′53″N 117°01′10″E / 32.6314°N 117.0194°E / 32.6314; 117.0194Coordinates: 32°37′53″N 117°01′10″E / 32.6314°N 117.0194°E / 32.6314; 117.0194
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceAnhui
County-level divisions7
Township-level divisions66
Municipal seatTianjia'an District
Government
 • CPC SecretaryShen Qiang (沈强)
 • MayorWang Hong (王宏)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city5,530 km2 (2,140 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,500.2 km2 (579.2 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,989.7 km2 (768.2 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city3,033,528
 • Density550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,561,636
 • Urban density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,868,944
 • Metro density940/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (CST)
Area code554
ISO 3166 codeCN-AH-04
License plate Prefix皖D
Huainan
淮南市洞山中路景色-新锦江大酒店 - panoramio - luchangjiang~鲁昌江.jpg
Chinese淮南
Literal meaning[Land(s)] South of the Huai River

Huainan (Chinese: 淮南; pinyin: Huáinán) is a prefecture-level city with 3,033,528 inhabitants as of the 2020 census in north-central Anhui province, China. It is named for the Han-era Principality of Huainan. It borders the provincial capital of Hefei to the south, Lu'an to the southwest, Fuyang to the west, Bozhou to the northwest, Bengbu to the northeast and Chuzhou to the east. Huainan is one of the core cities of Hefei Metropolitan Circle[2] and is known for its coal industry and thermal power plants. Its built-up area made of 4 urban districts (all but Panji not yet conurbated) and Fengtai County largely being urbanized, was home to 1,868,944 inhabitants as of 2020. Its city flower is the Chinese rose (Rosa chinensis) and its city tree is the Old-World Plane Tree (Platanus orientalis). It is also considered to be the hometown and birthplace of tofu.[3]

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Huainan administers seven county-level divisions, including five districts and two counties.

These are further divided into 66 township-level divisions, including 24 towns, 23 townships and 19 subdistricts.

Map

High-tech development zone

Geography

The urban centre is located on a plain on the south bank of the Huai River, bordering Gaotang Lake on the east and forested hill area on the south. To the west are Bagongshan District and Shou County.

Climate

Climate data for Huainan (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
9.2
(48.6)
14.3
(57.7)
21.3
(70.3)
26.9
(80.4)
30.2
(86.4)
32.1
(89.8)
31.3
(88.3)
27.4
(81.3)
22.4
(72.3)
15.7
(60.3)
9.2
(48.6)
20.6
(69.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
5.0
(41.0)
9.7
(49.5)
16.3
(61.3)
21.9
(71.4)
25.7
(78.3)
28.2
(82.8)
27.4
(81.3)
23.1
(73.6)
17.7
(63.9)
10.9
(51.6)
4.8
(40.6)
16.1
(61.0)
Average low °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
1.6
(34.9)
5.8
(42.4)
11.9
(53.4)
17.3
(63.1)
21.7
(71.1)
25.0
(77.0)
24.2
(75.6)
19.6
(67.3)
13.8
(56.8)
7.1
(44.8)
1.4
(34.5)
12.4
(54.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 32.0
(1.26)
41.0
(1.61)
62.1
(2.44)
56.4
(2.22)
75.5
(2.97)
127.4
(5.02)
228.0
(8.98)
130.3
(5.13)
84.3
(3.32)
53.6
(2.11)
51.3
(2.02)
22.5
(0.89)
964.4
(37.97)
Average relative humidity (%) 70 70 67 67 68 72 79 80 77 70 68 68 71
Source: China Meteorological Administration[4]

Economy

High rise apartments, 2010
High rise apartments, 2010

Huainan is a major production center for coal, with an output of 43.28 million tons in 2006.

The city hosted the 17th China Tofu Cultural Festival on September 15–17, 2010, including the National Bean Products Exhibition.[5]

Education

The key high schools:

Transportation

East of the city a bridge crosses the Huai River, shared by the Fuyang-Huainan Railway and highway S225. Near the city center, a ferry provides connection to the (rural) north bank of the Huai River.

Rail

Highway

Expressways

National Highways

See also

References

  1. ^ "China: Ānhuī (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. ^ "安徽省人民政府网——安徽省人民政府办公厅关于印发长江三角洲 城市群发展规划安徽实施方案的通知". Archived from the original on 2018-07-02. Retrieved 2018-04-10.
  3. ^ William Shurtleff; Akiko Aoyagi (May 2013). History of Tofu and Tofu Products (965 CE to 2013). Soyinfo Center. p. 55. ISBN 978-1-928914-55-6.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  5. ^ "The 17th Huainan Tofu Festival Draws Curtain-Tofu,Festival,-Öа²ÔÚÏß-english". Archived from the original on 2010-12-05. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
  6. ^ 淮南一中官网. Huainan No. 1 High School.
  7. ^ 淮南二中官网. Huainan No. 2 High School.