Location in Yunnan
|Coordinates (Chuxiong City government): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||4,482 km2 (1,731 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,779 m (5,837 ft)|
|• Density||110/km2 (280/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Chuxiong City (Chinese: 楚雄市; pinyin: Chǔxióng Shì; Chuxiong Yi Script:
Chuxiong is about 127 kilometres (79 mi) west of Yunnan's capital of Kunming on highway GZ65. Chuxiong City is nestled between mountain ranges on all sides in a plateau region at 5,800 feet (1,800 m). Chuxiong City has a population of 130,000 inhabitants and the entire Chuxiong Prefecture has an estimated 2,542,530 inhabitants.
Chuxiong is located between Kunming and Dali, with Dali about 140 kilometres (87 mi) west of Chuxiong and Kunming about 120 km to the east. Lijiang is about a six-hour drive from Chuxiong, and Lugu Lake is about 11 hours north, on the Sichuan border.
Chuxiong City has 12 towns and 3 townships.
Chuxiong experiences a mild dry-winter humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cwa), bordering on a dry-winter subtropical highland climate (Köppen climate classification: Cwb). Winters are mild, dry and sunny, although average lows in January reach barely above freezing. Spring begins early and remains dry and sunny until late May, when there is a dramatic uptick in the frequency and amount of rainfall lasting until late September. Summers are warm, rainy and generally overcast, with June, the warmest month, averaging 21.4 °C (70.5 °F). Autumn sees an abrupt reduction in rainfall and a return to clear skies.
The annual mean temperature is 16.00 °C (60.8 °F), while precipitation averages at 863 mm (34.0 in) a year, more than 70% of which occurs from June to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 28% in July to 70% in February, the city receives 2,177 hours of bright sunshine annually. December and January both have an all around average temperature of 8.7 °C (47.7 °F).
|Climate data for Chuxiong (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||16.8
|Average low °C (°F)||1.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||12.8
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||3.5||3.9||5.1||6.2||9.9||14.8||18.8||19.8||15.2||11.9||7.7||4.6||121.4|
|Average relative humidity (%)||66||59||53||53||61||73||79||81||81||79||77||75||70|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||229.1||222.0||249.0||231.4||213.9||147.9||117.3||130.2||123.6||151.9||168.5||192.3||2,177.1|
|Percent possible sunshine||69||70||67||61||52||36||28||32||34||43||52||59||49|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
Although the Yi People, Chuxiong's largest minority group, has the most historical presence in the area, the large majority of the population is now Han Chinese. The Yi people are still highly celebrated and maintain a large influence on the city's art and customs.
Chuxiong has two main Yi subgroups, namely Luoluopo 罗罗泼 (who speak Central Yi language) and Luowu 罗武 (who speak Eastern Yi language) (Chuxiong City Gazetteer 1993:145). The two main Miao subgroups are White Miao 白苗 and Flowery Miao 花苗.
The city also has a large presence of Bai and Hui people.
Chuxiong Economic Development Zone is an important zone in Yunnan. Now the zone has attracted a number of investment projects. It is an important industry for the development of new-type industry platform. The zone covers an area of 12 square kilometres (4.6 sq mi), composed of four parks.
Chuxiong is served by the Guangtong-Dali Railway between Kunming and Dali.