Qiaojia County
巧家县
Location of Qiaojia County (pink) and Zhaotong Prefecture (yellow) within Yunnan province of China
Location of Qiaojia County (pink) and Zhaotong Prefecture (yellow) within Yunnan province of China
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
Prefecture-level cityZhaotong
Area
 • County3,245 km2 (1,253 sq mi)
Elevation
900 m (3,000 ft)
Highest elevation
(Dianyaoshan)
4,041.6 m (13,259.8 ft)
Lowest elevation
(Xiluodu reservoir)
600 m (2,000 ft)
Population
 (2019)
 • County625,000
 • Density190/km2 (500/sq mi)
 • Urban
175,700
Time zoneUTC+8 (CST)
Postal code
654600
Area code(s)0870
Websitewww.qiaojia.gov.cn
Yunnan e-Portal

Qiaojia County (Chinese: 巧家县; pinyin: Qiǎojiā Xiàn) is a county in the northeast of Yunnan province, China, bordering Sichuan province to the north and west. The population was 625,000 in 2019, 33,200 of whom belonged to ethnic minorities.[1] It is both the southernmost and westernmost county-level division of Zhaotong City and located entirely on the right bank of the Jinsha River. The river valleys of Qiaojia are some of the lowest points in Yunnan province, at around 900 meters. The name of the county literally means 'City of industrious artisans'.[2]

The county is noted for being the site of the Baihetan Dam, located 40 km from the county seat. Construction of the dam required resettlement of 44,919 Qiaojia residents.[1]

Qiaojia is located at the junction of several geological faults.[3][4] It was hit by a magnitude 5.0 earthquake in 2020,[5] and also affected by the 2014 Ludian earthquake.[6]

Administrative divisions

The county government is seated in Baihetan town. Qiaojia is subdivided into the town and township level divisions:[1]

12 towns
  • Baihetan (白鹤滩镇)
  • Yaoshan (药山镇)
  • Dazhai (大寨镇)
  • Maozu (茂租镇)
  • Dongping (东坪镇)
  • Xiaohe (小河镇)
  • Xindian (新店镇)
  • Laodian (老店镇)
  • Mashu (马树镇)
  • Chongxi (崇溪镇)
  • Menggu (蒙姑镇)
  • Jintang (金塘镇)
4 townships
  • Hongshan (红山乡)
  • Baogunao (包谷垴乡)
  • Zhongzhai (中寨乡)
  • Lufang (巧家县)

Climate

Climate data for Qiaojia (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.4
(86.7)
33.7
(92.7)
38.6
(101.5)
40.8
(105.4)
42.7
(108.9)
42.5
(108.5)
40.7
(105.3)
39.4
(102.9)
39.1
(102.4)
36.1
(97.0)
34.6
(94.3)
31.3
(88.3)
42.7
(108.9)
Average high °C (°F) 19.1
(66.4)
22.7
(72.9)
27.9
(82.2)
31.8
(89.2)
32.4
(90.3)
31.5
(88.7)
31.8
(89.2)
32.1
(89.8)
28.4
(83.1)
25.0
(77.0)
22.9
(73.2)
19.0
(66.2)
27.1
(80.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.4
(54.3)
15.6
(60.1)
20.3
(68.5)
24.4
(75.9)
25.7
(78.3)
25.9
(78.6)
26.4
(79.5)
26.2
(79.2)
23.1
(73.6)
19.8
(67.6)
16.7
(62.1)
12.7
(54.9)
20.8
(69.4)
Average low °C (°F) 7.8
(46.0)
10.4
(50.7)
14.6
(58.3)
18.8
(65.8)
20.8
(69.4)
21.9
(71.4)
22.7
(72.9)
22.3
(72.1)
19.8
(67.6)
16.5
(61.7)
12.6
(54.7)
8.5
(47.3)
16.4
(61.5)
Record low °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
0.1
(32.2)
4.2
(39.6)
7.8
(46.0)
9.4
(48.9)
14.5
(58.1)
17.3
(63.1)
16.6
(61.9)
11.9
(53.4)
8.3
(46.9)
3.4
(38.1)
0.1
(32.2)
−0.3
(31.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12.8
(0.50)
10.0
(0.39)
17.5
(0.69)
23.1
(0.91)
74.1
(2.92)
179.9
(7.08)
167.1
(6.58)
112.3
(4.42)
126.2
(4.97)
87.3
(3.44)
20.3
(0.80)
7.6
(0.30)
838.2
(33)
Average relative humidity (%) 53 45 40 41 53 69 75 73 76 73 65 60 60
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "巧家政府网-巧家县人民政府门户网站". www.qiaojia.gov.cn. Retrieved 2020-12-17.
  2. ^ Heyndrickx, Jerome (1994). Historiography of the Chinese Catholic Church: Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Ferdinand Verbiest Foundation, K.U. Leuven. ISBN 978-90-801833-2-2.
  3. ^ Xing, Huilin; Xu, Xiwei (2010-11-22). M8.0 Wenchuan Earthquake. Springer. ISBN 978-3-642-01901-2.
  4. ^ Li, Y.; Yang, H.; Zhou, S.; Yan, C. (2016-12-01). "Microearthquake detection at 2012 M4.9 Qiaojia earthquake source area , the north of the Xiaojiang Fault in Yunnan, China". AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts. 23: S23B–2778. Bibcode:2016AGUFM.S23B2778L.
  5. ^ "At least four dead after earthquake strikes southwest China". The Japan Times. 2020-05-19. Archived from the original on 2020-05-18. Retrieved 2020-12-17.
  6. ^ "Yunnan Zhaotong Earthquake 3-year On Work Report - China". ReliefWeb. Retrieved 2020-12-17.

Coordinates: 26°55′12″N 102°55′48″E / 26.92000°N 102.93000°E / 26.92000; 102.93000