Gengma
耿马县
耿马傣族佤族自治县
Gengma Dai and Va Autonomous County
Location of Gengma County (pink) and Lincang City (yellow) within Yunnan province
Location of Gengma County (pink) and Lincang City (yellow) within Yunnan province
Gengma is located in Yunnan
Gengma
Gengma
Location of the seat in Yunnan
Coordinates: 23°32′17″N 99°23′49″E / 23.538°N 99.397°E / 23.538; 99.397Coordinates: 23°32′17″N 99°23′49″E / 23.538°N 99.397°E / 23.538; 99.397
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
Prefecture-level cityLincang
Area
 • Total3,837 km2 (1,481 sq mi)
Population
 • Total245,251
Time zoneUTC+8 (CST)
Postal code
677500
Area code(s)0883
Websitewww.yngm.gov.cn

Gengma Dai and Va Autonomous County (simplified Chinese: 耿马傣族佤族自治县; traditional Chinese: 耿馬傣族佤族自治縣; pinyin: Gěngmǎ Dǎizú Wǎzú Zìzhìxiàn) is located in Lincang City, in the west of Yunnan province, China.

History

In 1988, the county was affected by two strong earthquakes. It killed a total of 939 people and caused major destruction.[1]

Administrative divisions

Gengma Dai and Va Autonomous County has 4 towns, 4 townships and 1 ethnic township.[2]

4 towns
  • Gengma (耿马镇)
  • Mengyong (勐永镇)
  • Mengsa (勐撒镇)
  • Mengding (孟定镇)
4 townships
  • Daxing (大兴乡)
  • Sipaishan (四排山乡)
  • Hepai (贺派乡)
  • Mengjian (勐简乡)
1 ethnic township

Climate

Climate data for Gengma (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
31.0
(87.8)
33.1
(91.6)
35.3
(95.5)
35.5
(95.9)
36.5
(97.7)
33.5
(92.3)
33.4
(92.1)
32.8
(91.0)
32.2
(90.0)
29.2
(84.6)
27.1
(80.8)
36.5
(97.7)
Average high °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
24.6
(76.3)
27.7
(81.9)
29.5
(85.1)
29.5
(85.1)
28.7
(83.7)
27.9
(82.2)
28.8
(83.8)
28.6
(83.5)
27.0
(80.6)
24.3
(75.7)
22.1
(71.8)
26.8
(80.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.3
(54.1)
14.8
(58.6)
18.6
(65.5)
21.4
(70.5)
23.0
(73.4)
23.7
(74.7)
23.4
(74.1)
23.5
(74.3)
22.5
(72.5)
20.4
(68.7)
16.2
(61.2)
12.6
(54.7)
19.4
(66.9)
Average low °C (°F) 4.9
(40.8)
7.2
(45.0)
10.9
(51.6)
14.8
(58.6)
18.1
(64.6)
20.5
(68.9)
20.6
(69.1)
20.4
(68.7)
19.0
(66.2)
16.4
(61.5)
11.1
(52.0)
6.5
(43.7)
14.2
(57.6)
Record low °C (°F) −1.6
(29.1)
0.7
(33.3)
1.7
(35.1)
8.6
(47.5)
11.5
(52.7)
15.4
(59.7)
15.6
(60.1)
16.1
(61.0)
12.4
(54.3)
7.2
(45.0)
3.0
(37.4)
−2.0
(28.4)
−2.0
(28.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 9.1
(0.36)
16.4
(0.65)
19.6
(0.77)
54.6
(2.15)
145.3
(5.72)
200.4
(7.89)
251.8
(9.91)
214.4
(8.44)
179.9
(7.08)
137.5
(5.41)
71.2
(2.80)
15.4
(0.61)
1,315.6
(51.79)
Average relative humidity (%) 73 66 58 61 71 81 85 84 83 83 81 79 75
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

Ethnic groups

There are 1,004 Jingpo people located in the following five villages of Gengma County.[3]

References

  1. ^ Ramirez, Marizen; Peek-Asa, Corinne (2005). "Epidemiology of Traumatic Injuries from Earthquakes". Epidemiologic Reviews. 21 (1): 47–55. doi:10.1093/epirev/mxi005.
  2. ^ "国家统计局" (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2021-12-07.
  3. ^ Dai Qingxia [戴庆厦]. 2010. The Status Quo and Evolution of Language Use of The Jingpo Nationality in Gengma [耿马县景颇族语言使用现状及其演变]. Beijing: Commercial Press [商务印书馆]. ISBN 9787100071529
  4. ^ 耿马傣族佤族自治县贺派乡芒抗村民委员会景颇自然村
  5. ^ 耿马傣族佤族自治县耿马镇弄巴村委会弄巴大寨(那拢)自然村
  6. ^ 耿马傣族佤族自治县孟定镇景信村委会贺稳自然村
  7. ^ 耿马傣族佤族自治县孟定镇邱山村委会河边寨自然村
  8. ^ 耿马傣族佤族自治县孟定镇芒艾村委会