Gengma
耿马县
ᥛᥫᥒᥰ ᥐᥪᥒ ᥛᥣᥳ
gaeng mīex sin
耿马傣族佤族自治县
Gengma Dai and Va Autonomous County
Location of Gengma County (pink) and Lincang City (yellow) within Yunnan province
Location of Gengma County (pink) and Lincang City (yellow) within Yunnan province
Gengma is located in Yunnan
Gengma
Gengma
Location of the seat in Yunnan
Coordinates: 23°32′17″N 99°23′49″E / 23.538°N 99.397°E / 23.538; 99.397
CountryChina
ProvinceYunnan
Prefecture-level cityLincang
County seatGengma
Area
 • Total3,837 km2 (1,481 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census)[1]
 • Total285,683
 • Density74/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (CST)
Postal code
677500
Area code0883
Websitewww.yngm.gov.cn

Gengma Dai and Va Autonomous County (simplified Chinese: 耿马傣族佤族自治县; traditional Chinese: 耿馬傣族佤族自治縣; pinyin: Gěngmǎ Dǎizú Wǎzú Zìzhìxiàn; Tai Nuea: ᥛᥫᥒᥰ ᥐᥪᥒ ᥛᥣᥳ; Awa: gaeng mīex) is located in Lincang City, in the west of Yunnan province, China.

History

The name of the Gengma come from the Pali word "Sinthunath" meaning a place where people follow white horses. People call this city's name was named after the Ming Dynasty's Hongwu period. and was written on the front cover "History of Burma" said Kung Ma

The main ethnic groups in the Gengma chieftains are Tai and Wa. The Tai people here moved from Mao Luang (Mong Mao) in the 14th century. They brought Mao Luang traditions with them. The original Wa people live in mountainous areas and do not have their own dialect.

In 1988, the county was affected by two strong earthquakes. It killed a total of 939 people and caused major destruction.[2]

Saophas

Gengma has 24 generation's soaphas

Administrative divisions

Gengma Dai and Va Autonomous County has 4 towns, 4 townships and 1 ethnic township.[3]

4 towns
  • Gengma (耿马镇)
  • Mengyong (勐永镇)
  • Mengsa (勐撒镇)
  • Mengding (孟定镇)
4 townships
  • Daxing (大兴乡)
  • Sipaishan (四排山乡)
  • Hepai (贺派乡)
  • Mengjian (勐简乡)
1 ethnic township

Climate

Climate data for Gengma (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
31.0
(87.8)
33.1
(91.6)
35.3
(95.5)
35.5
(95.9)
36.5
(97.7)
33.5
(92.3)
33.4
(92.1)
32.8
(91.0)
32.2
(90.0)
29.2
(84.6)
27.1
(80.8)
36.5
(97.7)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
24.9
(76.8)
28.0
(82.4)
29.7
(85.5)
29.8
(85.6)
29.0
(84.2)
28.2
(82.8)
29.0
(84.2)
28.9
(84.0)
27.2
(81.0)
25.0
(77.0)
22.6
(72.7)
27.1
(80.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.8
(55.0)
15.4
(59.7)
19.1
(66.4)
21.7
(71.1)
23.3
(73.9)
24.0
(75.2)
23.5
(74.3)
23.6
(74.5)
22.9
(73.2)
20.7
(69.3)
16.6
(61.9)
13.2
(55.8)
19.7
(67.5)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 5.8
(42.4)
7.9
(46.2)
11.7
(53.1)
15.3
(59.5)
18.6
(65.5)
20.7
(69.3)
20.9
(69.6)
20.6
(69.1)
19.4
(66.9)
16.8
(62.2)
11.3
(52.3)
7.1
(44.8)
14.7
(58.4)
Record low °C (°F) −1.6
(29.1)
0.7
(33.3)
1.7
(35.1)
8.6
(47.5)
11.5
(52.7)
15.4
(59.7)
15.6
(60.1)
16.1
(61.0)
12.4
(54.3)
7.2
(45.0)
3.0
(37.4)
−2.0
(28.4)
−2.0
(28.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 25.3
(1.00)
14.5
(0.57)
20.8
(0.82)
58.4
(2.30)
132.9
(5.23)
180.5
(7.11)
277.9
(10.94)
220.8
(8.69)
158.8
(6.25)
127.1
(5.00)
48.6
(1.91)
14.5
(0.57)
1,280.1
(50.39)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3.3 3.2 5.2 11.1 16.4 23.2 26.2 22.7 17.9 15.1 6.2 3.6 154.1
Average relative humidity (%) 72 63 56 59 68 79 84 83 81 81 78 77 73
Mean monthly sunshine hours 222.9 222.3 234.1 225.4 209.6 146.1 115.3 142.5 160.7 169.3 194.2 207.7 2,250.1
Percent possible sunshine 66 69 63 59 51 36 28 36 44 48 59 63 52
Source: China Meteorological Administration[4][5]

Ethnic groups

There are 1,004 Jingpo people located in the following five villages of Gengma County.[6]

References

  1. ^ "临沧市第七次全国人口普查主要数据公报" (in Chinese). Government of Lincang. 2021-07-14.
  2. ^ Ramirez, Marizen; Peek-Asa, Corinne (2005). "Epidemiology of Traumatic Injuries from Earthquakes". Epidemiologic Reviews. 21 (1): 47–55. doi:10.1093/epirev/mxi005. PMID 15958426.
  3. ^ "国家统计局" (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2021-12-07.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 20 September 2023.
  5. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 20 September 2023.
  6. ^ Dai Qingxia [戴庆厦]. 2010. The Status Quo and Evolution of Language Use of The Jingpo Nationality in Gengma [耿马县景颇族语言使用现状及其演变]. Beijing: Commercial Press [商务印书馆]. ISBN 9787100071529
  7. ^ "耿马傣族佤族自治县贺派乡芒抗村民委员会景颇自然村". Archived from the original on 2015-09-25. Retrieved 2018-06-17.
  8. ^ "耿马傣族佤族自治县耿马镇弄巴村委会弄巴大寨(那拢)自然村". Archived from the original on 2015-09-25. Retrieved 2018-06-17.
  9. ^ "耿马傣族佤族自治县孟定镇景信村委会贺稳自然村". Archived from the original on 2015-09-25. Retrieved 2018-06-17.
  10. ^ "耿马傣族佤族自治县孟定镇邱山村委会河边寨自然村". Archived from the original on 2015-09-25. Retrieved 2018-06-17.
  11. ^ "耿马傣族佤族自治县孟定镇芒艾村委会". Archived from the original on 2015-09-25. Retrieved 2018-06-17.