Baisha County
白沙县
Paksa
白沙黎族自治县
Baisha Li Autonomous County
白沙黎族自治县 08.jpg
Baisha is located in Hainan
Baisha
Baisha
Location in Hainan
Coordinates: 19°13′37″N 109°27′47″E / 19.22694°N 109.46306°E / 19.22694; 109.46306Coordinates: 19°13′37″N 109°27′47″E / 19.22694°N 109.46306°E / 19.22694; 109.46306
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHainan
County seatYacha
Area
 • Total2,177 km2 (841 sq mi)
Population
 (1999)[1]
176,377
Time zoneUTC+8 (China standard time)
Postal code
572800
Websitebaisha.hainan.gov.cn

Baisha Li Autonomous County (Chineses 白沙黎族自治县), p Báishā Lízú Zìzhìxiàn) is one of 6 autonomous counties of Hainan, China. In 1999 its population was 176,377 people, largely made up of the Li people.

Baisha County was established in 1935, alongside Baoting County and Ledong County. In 1958, this county was briefly merged into Dongfang County before reestablished three years later. On 20 November 1987, the State Council retify this county as an autonomous county for Li people, and on 30 December the official establishment ceremony was held.[2][3]

Administrative division

Baisha County is divided into:[4][5]

Demography

Ethnic composition of Baisha County (2020)[6]
Ethnic group Percentage
Hlai 60.1%
Han 36.7%
Zhuang 1.5%
Miao 1%
others 0.7%

The main spoken languages in this county are Hlai language, Hainanese, and Putonghua.

Geography

Baisha County are mostly mountainous forests which covered 83.47% of the county. The mountainous areas occupy around 73.1% of the county area, seconded by hilly areas with 19.1%, and the rest is plains with 7.7%. The highest mountain in the county is Yinggeling Mountain (1812 m above sea level), which also Hainan's second highest mountain after Wuzhi Mountain. The source of rivers like Nandu River, Changhua River, Zhubo River, and Shilu River, are found in this county.[2][3]

Climate

Climate data for Baisha (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.2
(93.6)
37.4
(99.3)
38.1
(100.6)
39.0
(102.2)
37.8
(100.0)
36.6
(97.9)
37.2
(99.0)
36.5
(97.7)
34.0
(93.2)
34.4
(93.9)
34.4
(93.9)
32.3
(90.1)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) 23.8
(74.8)
25.4
(77.7)
29.3
(84.7)
32.2
(90.0)
32.3
(90.1)
33.2
(91.8)
33.1
(91.6)
32.3
(90.1)
30.3
(86.5)
29.0
(84.2)
26.1
(79.0)
22.6
(72.7)
29.1
(84.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.8
(64.0)
19.3
(66.7)
22.6
(72.7)
25.6
(78.1)
26.4
(79.5)
27.7
(81.9)
27.4
(81.3)
26.6
(79.9)
25.1
(77.2)
23.8
(74.8)
21.0
(69.8)
18.1
(64.6)
23.5
(74.2)
Average low °C (°F) 14.0
(57.2)
15.4
(59.7)
18.4
(65.1)
21.3
(70.3)
22.9
(73.2)
24.0
(75.2)
23.8
(74.8)
23.3
(73.9)
22.3
(72.1)
20.6
(69.1)
17.8
(64.0)
15.3
(59.5)
19.9
(67.8)
Record low °C (°F) 1.8
(35.2)
6.9
(44.4)
10.9
(51.6)
14.2
(57.6)
17.7
(63.9)
19.6
(67.3)
21.1
(70.0)
19.2
(66.6)
16.5
(61.7)
10.8
(51.4)
9.3
(48.7)
0.4
(32.7)
0.4
(32.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 14.9
(0.59)
18.3
(0.72)
41.6
(1.64)
129.1
(5.08)
262.4
(10.33)
197.8
(7.79)
228.2
(8.98)
322.0
(12.68)
288.2
(11.35)
286.3
(11.27)
83.0
(3.27)
38.1
(1.50)
1,909.9
(75.2)
Average relative humidity (%) 85 84 80 80 84 81 82 86 89 87 87 88 84
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

Transportation

Railway

Highway

Gallery

Map including Baisha (labelled as PAI-SHA (PAK-SHA)) (AMS, 1962)
Map including Baisha (labelled as PAI-SHA (PAK-SHA)) (AMS, 1962)
Baisha Natural Tea Garden Town
Baisha Natural Tea Garden Town
Baisha County Government Building
Baisha County Government Building
Nancha River (南叉江) that divides the Yacha town
Nancha River (南叉江) that divides the Yacha town

See also

References

  1. ^ Lex, Berman (2017). "China Population by County (1999)". Harvard Dataverse. 1 (CHGIS Dataverse). doi:10.7910/DVN/EOH3FV. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  2. ^ a b "白沙黎族自治县简介". 白沙黎族自治县人民政府网 (in Chinese). Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  3. ^ a b "历史沿革". 白沙黎族自治县人民政府网 (in Chinese). Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  4. ^ "2020年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:白沙黎族自治县". 中华人民共和国国家统计局 (in Chinese). Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  5. ^ a b "白沙县概况". 行政区划网 (in Chinese). 6 August 2009. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  6. ^ "行政区划和人口民族". 白沙黎族自治县人民政府网 (in Chinese). Retrieved 5 August 2021.