Bijie
毕节市
Pikieh, Pichieh
Location of Bijie City jurisdiction in Guizhou
Location of Bijie City jurisdiction in Guizhou
Bijie is located in Guizhou
Bijie
Bijie
Location of the city center in Guizhou
Bijie is located in Southwest China
Bijie
Bijie
Bijie (Southwest China)
Coordinates (Bijie municipal government): 27°17′02″N 105°17′31″E / 27.284°N 105.292°E / 27.284; 105.292Coordinates: 27°17′02″N 105°17′31″E / 27.284°N 105.292°E / 27.284; 105.292
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuizhou
Municipal seatQixingguan District
Area
 • Total26,853 km2 (10,368 sq mi)
Elevation
1,723 m (5,653 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total6,536,370
 • Density240/km2 (630/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
551700
Area code(s)0857
ISO 3166 codeCN-GZ-05
Licence plate prefixes贵F
Websitebijie.gov.cn

Bijie (simplified Chinese: 毕节; traditional Chinese: 畢節; pinyin: Bìjíe) is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Guizhou Province, China, bordering Sichuan to the north and Yunnan to the west.

The Daotianhe Reservoir, located to the north of the town was commissioned in 1965 with a rated annual capacity of 6.5 million cubic meters.

On 10 November 2011, the former Bijie Prefecture (毕节地区) was converted to a prefecture-level city, and the former county-level city of Bijie was rechristened Qixingguan District.[1]

Geography and climate

Map including Bijie (labeled as PI-CHIEH (Walled) 畢節) (AMS, 1954)
Map including Bijie (labeled as PI-CHIEH (Walled) 畢節) (AMS, 1954)

Bijie borders Zunyi to the east, Anshun and Liupanshui to the south, Zhaotong and Qujing (Yunnan) to the west, and Luzhou (Sichuan) to the north. It spans latitude 26°21′−27°46′ N and longitude 105°36′−106°43′ E, and is marked heavily by the presence of the Wumeng Mountains (乌蒙山) as well as karst topography. The Wu, Beipan, and Chishui Rivers are the most important rivers that originate here. The highest elevation is Jiucaiping (韭菜坪), at 2,900.6 m (9,516 ft), on the border of Hezhang and Weining counties.

Due to its low latitude and elevation above 1,700 m (5,600 ft), Bijie has a monsoon-influenced subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb), bordering on a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) with very warm, rainy summers and cool, damp winters. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 2.9 °C (37.2 °F) in January to 21.7 °C (71.1 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 13.01 °C (55.4 °F). Rainfall is very common year-round, occurring on 206 days of the year, but over half of the annual total (866 mm or 34.1 in) occurs from June to August. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 15% in January to 44% in August, the city receives 1,218 hours of bright sunshine annually; spring is sunnier and features warmer daytime temperatures than autumn.

Climate data for Bijie (1981−2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 24.4
(75.9)
28.9
(84.0)
33.8
(92.8)
33.1
(91.6)
36.2
(97.2)
34.2
(93.6)
33.8
(92.8)
33.9
(93.0)
35.1
(95.2)
30.5
(86.9)
27.0
(80.6)
23.3
(73.9)
36.2
(97.2)
Average high °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
9.2
(48.6)
14.4
(57.9)
19.1
(66.4)
22.6
(72.7)
24.4
(75.9)
26.9
(80.4)
26.8
(80.2)
23.4
(74.1)
17.8
(64.0)
14.0
(57.2)
8.9
(48.0)
17.8
(64.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.9
(37.2)
4.9
(40.8)
9.0
(48.2)
13.6
(56.5)
17.2
(63.0)
19.6
(67.3)
21.7
(71.1)
21.2
(70.2)
18.2
(64.8)
13.6
(56.5)
9.5
(49.1)
4.7
(40.5)
13.0
(55.4)
Average low °C (°F) 0.8
(33.4)
2.4
(36.3)
5.7
(42.3)
10.0
(50.0)
13.5
(56.3)
16.3
(61.3)
18.1
(64.6)
17.4
(63.3)
14.7
(58.5)
11.0
(51.8)
6.7
(44.1)
2.2
(36.0)
9.9
(49.8)
Record low °C (°F) −7.0
(19.4)
−6.0
(21.2)
−4.4
(24.1)
0.4
(32.7)
3.7
(38.7)
9.9
(49.8)
8.9
(48.0)
10.9
(51.6)
6.3
(43.3)
1.1
(34.0)
−2.6
(27.3)
−6.6
(20.1)
−7.0
(19.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 16.3
(0.64)
17.2
(0.68)
28.0
(1.10)
54.5
(2.15)
94.9
(3.74)
148.6
(5.85)
173.5
(6.83)
140.9
(5.55)
90.7
(3.57)
61.7
(2.43)
27.7
(1.09)
12.1
(0.48)
866.1
(34.11)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 18.8 18.3 16.8 17.4 19.5 19.0 16.4 15.4 16.0 18.0 14.8 15.6 206.0
Average relative humidity (%) 86 84 80 78 77 80 80 79 80 85 84 84 81
Mean monthly sunshine hours 49.1 51.6 95.9 116.5 116.1 106.3 171.5 176.7 117.8 81.7 70.7 63.7 1,217.6
Percent possible sunshine 15 16 26 31 28 26 41 44 32 23 22 20 27
Source: China Meteorological Administration (precipitation days and sunshine 1971–2000)[2][3]

Administration

Ethnic townships in Bijie. Light green -Yi. Blue - miao. Dark green- Bouyei
Ethnic townships in Bijie. Light green -Yi. Blue - miao. Dark green- Bouyei

Bijie City consists of one district, one county-level city, five counties and one autonomous county. These are:

Map

Demographics

Demographics of Bijie City
Division name



Permanent residents[4](Nov. 2010) Hukou population[5]
(Late 2010)
Total Percentage Population density (/km2)
Bijie City 6,536,370 100 243.41 8,338,858
Qixingguan District 1,136,905 17.39 333.21 1,483,697
Dafang County 776,246 11.88 221.66 1,080,406
Qianxi County 695,735 10.64 272.41 914,025
Jinsha County 560,651 8.58 221.78 669,661
Zhijin County 783,951 11.99 273.44 1,086,150
Nayong County 669,781 10.25 273.60 938,435
Weining Yi Hui and Miao Autonomous County 1,263,816 19.34 200.73 1,392,117
Hezhang County 649,285 9.93 200.09 774,367

According to the 2010 Sixth National Census, Bijie City had a permanent resident population of 6,536,370, an increase of 208,899 (3.3% or 0.33% annually), 3,400,195 (52.02%) of which were male, producing a male-female ratio of 108.42:100. Children aged 0−14 numbered 2,029,934人 (31.06%), persons aged 15−64 numbered 4,018,583 (61.48), and seniors 65+ numbered 487,853 (7.46%). The urban population stood at 1,711,222 (26.18%). Persons of Han ethnicity numbered 4,824,015 (73.80%), while minorities formed the other 26.20%.

Transport

At present the backbone of the transport network in Bijie City is formed by China National Highways 321 and 326. As of 2013, Bijie is the only prefecture-level city of Guizhou to lack rail service;[6] this changed with the 2020 opening of the Leshan (Sichuan)−Guiyang Railway (成贵客运专线).[7] Other projected rail lines are Bijie−ShuichengXingyi (毕水兴铁路) and Zhaotong (Yunnan)−Weining−Bijie−JinshaZunyi.[8] The city is served by the Bijie Airport (IATA: BFJ).

Historical sites

Notable historical sites in Bijie include the following:[9]

Historical inscriptions

References

  1. ^ 国务院批准毕节撤地设市 (in Simplified Chinese). 12 November 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
  2. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  3. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
  4. ^ 《毕节地区2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报》[full citation needed]
  5. ^ 《中华人民共和国全国分县市人口统计资料2010》[full citation needed]
  6. ^ 毕节铁路建设迎来发展春天. Archived from the original on 24 April 2013. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  7. ^ 成贵高铁全线开通 毕节正式进入高铁时代. Archived from the original on 10 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  8. ^ "三纵三横"铁路规划使毕节通江达海. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  9. ^ 毕节地区志: 文物名胜志 [Almanac of Bijie Prefecture: Directory of cultural and historical sites]. Guizhou People's Press. 1994.