Fuxin
阜新市
解放广场 Jie Fang square - panoramio.jpg
Location of Fuxin City jurisdiction in Liaoning
Location of Fuxin City jurisdiction in Liaoning
Fuxin is located in Liaoning
Fuxin
Fuxin
Location of the city centre in Liaoning
Coordinates (Fuxin municipal government): 42°01′19″N 121°40′12″E / 42.022°N 121.670°E / 42.022; 121.670Coordinates: 42°01′19″N 121°40′12″E / 42.022°N 121.670°E / 42.022; 121.670
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceLiaoning
Municipal seatXihe District
Districts and Counties
List
  • Haizhou District
  • Xinqiu District
  • Taiping District
  • Qinghemen District
  • Xihe District
  • Zhangwu County
  • Fuxin Mongol Autonomous County
Government
 • CPC FuxinCommittee Secretary
 • MayorQi Jihui (齐继慧)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city10,316.85 km2 (3,983.36 sq mi)
 • Urban
388.3 km2 (149.9 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city1,647,280
 • Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
 • Urban
767,888
 • Urban density2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)
 • Metro
716,494
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
123000
Area code(s)0418
ISO 3166 codeCN-LN-09
Licence plates辽J
Administrative division code210900
Websitewww.fuxin.gov.cn

Fuxin (Chinese: ; pinyin: Fùxīn) is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Liaoning province, People's Republic of China, bordering the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region to the north. As of the 2020 census, its decreasing total population was 1,647,280 inhabitants (1,819,339 in 2010), of whom 716,494 lived in the built-up (or metro) area, encompassing the four urban districts, collectively known as 'Fuxin City'.

Administration

Fuxin has direct administration over 7 county-level divisions: 5 districts, 1 county and 1 autonomous county:

Map
# Name Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2003 est.)
Area (km2) Density
(/km2)
1 Haizhou District 海州区 Hǎizhōu Qū 280,000 97 2,887
2 Xinqiu District 新邱区 Xīnqiū Qū 90,000 128 703
3 Taiping District 太平区 Tàipíng Qū 180,000 108 1,667
4 Qinghemen District 清河门区 Qīnghémén Qū 70,000 105 667
5 Xihe District 细河区 Xìhé Qū 160,000 126 1,270
6 Zhangwu County 彰武县 Zhāngwǔ Xiàn 420,000 3,635 116
7 Fuxin Mongol Autonomous County 阜新蒙古族自治县 Fùxīn Měnggǔzú Zìzhìxiàn 730,000 6,246 117

Geography and climate

Fuxin has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), with long, cold but dry winters and hot, humid summers. A majority of the annual precipitation falls in July and August alone.


Climate data for Fuxin (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 9.3
(48.7)
17.6
(63.7)
22.8
(73.0)
33.2
(91.8)
37.5
(99.5)
40.6
(105.1)
40.9
(105.6)
37.1
(98.8)
34.7
(94.5)
29.6
(85.3)
19.8
(67.6)
14.0
(57.2)
40.9
(105.6)
Average high °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
7.2
(45.0)
16.9
(62.4)
23.7
(74.7)
27.9
(82.2)
29.5
(85.1)
28.6
(83.5)
24.1
(75.4)
16.2
(61.2)
5.9
(42.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
14.5
(58.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −10.6
(12.9)
−6.9
(19.6)
0.6
(33.1)
9.9
(49.8)
17.0
(62.6)
21.8
(71.2)
24.3
(75.7)
23.0
(73.4)
17.1
(62.8)
9.0
(48.2)
−0.5
(31.1)
−7.9
(17.8)
8.1
(46.5)
Average low °C (°F) −15.9
(3.4)
−12.4
(9.7)
−5.4
(22.3)
3.3
(37.9)
10.5
(50.9)
16.2
(61.2)
19.9
(67.8)
18.2
(64.8)
11.0
(51.8)
3.1
(37.6)
−5.6
(21.9)
−12.8
(9.0)
2.5
(36.5)
Record low °C (°F) −26.5
(−15.7)
−25.4
(−13.7)
−21.0
(−5.8)
−8.8
(16.2)
−0.1
(31.8)
5.0
(41.0)
12.8
(55.0)
5.0
(41.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
−9.3
(15.3)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−27.1
(−16.8)
−27.1
(−16.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.5
(0.10)
2.6
(0.10)
10.0
(0.39)
23.8
(0.94)
38.9
(1.53)
77.4
(3.05)
142.9
(5.63)
110.4
(4.35)
55.3
(2.18)
27.1
(1.07)
8.5
(0.33)
3.3
(0.13)
502.7
(19.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.1 2.4 3.6 5.7 7.3 11.8 12.5 11.0 6.9 4.7 3.1 1.9 73.0
Source: Weather China
Map including Fuxin (labeled as FOU-HSIN (walled) 阜新) (AMS, 1956)
Map including Fuxin (labeled as FOU-HSIN (walled) 阜新) (AMS, 1956)

Economy

Fuxin is a mining center in an agricultural region, producing mostly coal and agate. Fuxin is known as China's 'Agate City', with 50% of the nation's known deposits of the mineral being located there.[2] The city also accounts for more than 90% of the country's agate products.

The city suffers from the over-mining of coal, which is low in supply while fundamental to Fuxin's economy. As the coal mines run dry, Fuxin is trying to find other industries to keep its economy going. Measures taken have included the development of a part of the city as a 'Special Economic Zone', by which the city hopes to attract international investment.

Foreign Investment in 2009

In 2009, Fuxin approved 25 foreign funded enterprises and 2 joint-venture projects. The total value of the contracted funds in these investments exceeded US$143 million. and the foreign direct investment for that year reached US$64.12 million, up 24% over the previous year. This sum exceeded the Liaoning provincial target for foreign investment by 17%. In addition, in 7 of the projects, contracted funds were in excess of ten million dollars.

Foreign Direct Investment has enabled the development of new key industries to replace mining. The key industries have made new breakthroughs in foreign direct investment. The Wind Power Industry, which accounted for more than 70% of the total amount of FDI in 2009, has become the main focus of the whole city's FDI.[3]

Education

Transportation

Fuxin is served by the China National Highway 101, which connects Beijing to Shenyang. G25 Changchun–Shenzhen Expressway makes Fuxin into NTHS system. The G2512 Fuxin–Jinzhou Expressway connects Jinzhou and Fuxin.

As regards rail transport, Fuxin is well-connected to the major cities in North and Northeastern China, such as Beijing, Tianjin and Shenyang by a number of trains.

The city is also now connected to Shanghai and the booming Chinese East coast region by a train that runs directly between Shanghai and Fuxin.

Sister city

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "China: Liáoníng (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. ^ "阜新打造中国玛瑙之都". GMW. 2006-07-20. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  3. ^ "Foreign Investment in 2009". Fuxin, China. 26 May 2012. Archived from the original on 14 July 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  4. ^ "Mayor Clay's Statement on Gary's 1st Trade Mission to China: Press Statement" (PDF). May 22, 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 9, 2009. Retrieved January 14, 2010.