Location of downtown Huanggang in Hubei
|Coordinates (Huanggang municipal government): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Huangzhou District|
|• Prefecture-level city||17,446.63 km2 (6,736.18 sq mi)|
| • Urban|
|363.23 km2 (140.24 sq mi)|
|• Metro||963.44 km2 (371.99 sq mi)|
(2020 census for total and 2010 otherwise)
|• Prefecture-level city||5,882,719|
|• Density||340/km2 (870/sq mi)|
| • Urban|
|• Urban density||1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-HB-11|
|Local Dialect||Lower Yangtze Mandarin|
|Website||黄冈市政府门户网站 (Huanggang City Government Web Portal) (in Chinese)|
Huanggang is a prefecture-level city in easternmost Hubei Province, China. It is situated to the north of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and is bounded in the north by the Dabie Mountains and is named after Mount Huanggang. It borders Henan in the north, Anhui in the east and Jiangxi in the south.
The city's administrative area covers 17,453 square kilometers (6,739 sq mi) and the total population was 5,882,719 million as of the 2020 census. As of the 2010 census, 366,769 resided in the Huangzhou urban district, making it the second most populous city in the province by administrative population, after Wuhan, the provincial capital. As of 2010 census, the Ezhou – Huanggang built-up (or metro) area was home to 1,035,496 inhabitants comprising (Echeng district and Huangzhou district of Huanggang), and many of its residents work in Wuhan. In 2007, the city is named China's top ten livable cities by Chinese Cities Brand Value Report, which was released at the 2007 Beijing Summit of China Cities Forum.
In 845 BC Marquis Wen (文侯) Huang Meng (黃孟; also known as Huang Zhang / 黃璋) moved the capital of the State of Huang from Yicheng to Huangchuan (present-day Huangchuan, Henan). Huang Xi's descendants ruled State of Huang until 648 BC when it was destroyed by the State of Chu. The Marquis of Huang, Marquis Mu (穆侯) Huang Qisheng (黃企生), fled to the state of Qi. The people of Huang were forced to relocate to Chu. They settled in the region of present-day Hubei province, in a region known as the Jiangxia Prefecture (江夏郡) during the Han dynasty (206 BC-AD 220). There are many places in this region today that were named after Huang e.g. Huanggang, Huangpi, Huangmei, Huangshi, Huangan, Huangzhou etc. Many of the people of Huang were also relocated to regions south of the Yangtze River. During the reign of Emperor Cheng of Jin, Later Zhao forces inflicted great damage on many Jin cities and bases north of the Yangtze and captured Zhucheng (邾城, in modern Huanggang, Hubei). Huanggang has a history of at least 2,000 years.
Huanggang administers 12 county-level divisions, including one district, two county-level cities and seven counties:
|4||Xishui County Xi River||浠水县|
|6||Huangmei County Yellow Plum||黄梅县|
|11||Longganhu Administrative District||龙感湖管理区|
|12||Huanggang Economonic Development Area||黄冈经济开发区|
|Climate data for Huanggang (1981–2010 normals)|
|Average high °C (°F)||8.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||4.4
|Average low °C (°F)||1.8
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||53.6
|Average relative humidity (%)||79||78||79||78||77||80||79||78||76||76||76||74||78|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
Huanggang Normal University is a full-time institution of higher education located in the city of Huanggang.
Huanggang enjoys an excellent transportation infrastructure. Wuhan airport is 90 kilometers (56 mi) to the west, while Jiujiang Airport in Jiangxi to the east is 160 kilometers (99 mi) away. Being on the Yangtze River, Wuhan main port is located 80 kilometers (50 mi) away, and Huangzhou District has a small bulk-handling port. There is an extensive road network, with three north–south and seven east–west major roads within the main city area. The city also is served by several new expressways, including the north–south "Jingzhu" (Beijing to Zhuhai, Guangdong) expressway and the east–west Wuhan to Shanghai expressway. Huanggang also is on the main north–south "Jingjiu" (Beijing to Hong Kong) and "Jingguang" (Beijing to Guangzhou, Guangdong) railway lines.
Two bridges connect Huanggang across the Yangtze to the Ezhou on the south bank of the river:
Other river crossings near Huanggang include:
Huanggang is served by the Beijing–Kowloon Railway, which has several stations within the prefecture-level city. The Huangzhou Station, located within Huangzhou District some 20 km (12 mi) northeast from downtown Huanggang, has the best service of all, with several trains a day to Beijing, Nanchang, and Shenzhen. Huanggang travelers can also use the Huangshi station on the Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway, across the river.
Huanggang prefecture is the birthplace of numerous famous Chinese inventors, scientists, and scholars, including:
As well, Huanggang is famous for producing military and political leaders. Hong'an County is known as the "County of Generals" in that more than 400 Chinese army generals have been born there, a total far greater than for any other county in all of China. In addition, former military leader and President of China, Li Xiannian (1909–1992), was born in Hong'an. The family of Taiwanese author Kuo Cheng came from Huanggang.
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