海南州 · མཚོ་ལྷོ་ཁུལ།
海南藏族自治州 · མཚོ་ལྷོ་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Named for||South of Qinghai Lake|
|Prefecture seat||Gonghe County (Qabqa)|
|• Autonomous prefecture||44,546.21 km2 (17,199.39 sq mi)|
|• Water||2,981.55 km2 (1,151.18 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||5,305 m (17,405 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||2,168 m (7,113 ft)|
|• Autonomous prefecture||478,000|
|• Density||11/km2 (28/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-QH-25|
|Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture|
Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, formerly known as Tsolho Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (Chinese: 海南藏族自治州; Tibetan: མཚོ་ལྷོ་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་), is an autonomous prefecture of Northeastern Qinghai Province in Western China. The prefecture has an area of 45,895 square kilometres (17,720 sq mi) and its seat is located in Gonghe County. Its name literally means "south of (Qinghai) Lake."
The land of Hainan prefecture was originally inhabited by the Qiang and Rong people. During the Western Han it was incorporated in the Chinese dynasties. In 60 BC, Guide County was established, then called Guan County. It was governed under Jincheng (present day Lanzhou).
In 2019, the prefecture had 478,000 inhabitants, with 331,995 belonging to ethnic minorities. The following is a list of ethnic groups in the prefecture, as of 2019.
Hainan Prefecture was established in 1953. The prefecture is subdivided into 5 county-level divisions (5 counties):
|Gonghe County||共和县||Gònghé Xiàn||གསེར་ཆེན་རྫོང་||gser chen rdzong
|Tongde County||同德县||Tóngdé Xiàn||འབའ་རྫོང་||'ba' rdzong
|Guide County||贵德县||Guìdé Xiàn||ཁྲི་ཀ་རྫོང་||thri ka rdzong
|Xinghai County||兴海县||Xīnghǎi Xiàn||བྲག་དཀར་རྫོང་||brag dkar rdzong
|Guinan County||贵南县||Guìnán Xiàn||མང་རྫོང་||mang rdzong
Hainan is rather mountainous, with the Gonghe basin in the middle of the area. The elevation ranges from 5305 m to 2168 m, averaging 3000 m. The largest lake is Qinghai Lake, and the prefecture is traversed by the Yellow River.
Most of the land, 78.67%, is natural grassland used for grazing. 2.19% is cultivated for agriculture, 4.14% is forest, 6.69% is covered by water and rivers, 0.53% by residential area and industry and the remaining 7.7% consists of barren areas such as glaciers, swamps and desert.
Hainan's economy is specialized in animal husbandry, hydropower and tourism.
((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)