Dulan County
ᠳᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ都兰县ཏུའུ་ལན་རྫོང་
Dulain, Dêrlam
Dulan County (light red) within Haixi Prefecture (yellow) and Qinghai
Dulan County (light red) within Haixi Prefecture (yellow) and Qinghai
Dulan is located in Qinghai
Dulan
Dulan
Location of the county seat in Qinghai
Coordinates: 36°18′N 98°05′E / 36.300°N 98.083°E / 36.300; 98.083
CountryChina
ProvinceQinghai
Autonomous prefectureHaixi
County seatQagan Us
Area
 • Total45,270 km2 (17,480 sq mi)
Elevation
3,194 m (10,479 ft)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total68,273
 • Density1.5/km2 (3.9/sq mi)
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
816100
Websitewww.dulan.gov.cn
Dulan County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese都兰县
Traditional Chinese都蘭縣
Tibetan name
Tibetanཏུའུ་ལན་རྫོང་ or གཏེར་ལམ་རྫོང་།
Mongolian name
Mongolian scriptᠳᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ

Dulan County (Mongolian: ᠳᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ; Tibetan: ཏུའུ་ལན་རྫོང་; Chinese: 都兰县) is a county of east-central Qinghai province, China. It is under the administration of Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture.

Climate

With an elevation of around 3,200 metres (10,000 ft), Dulan County has a subalpine semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with long, very cold and winters, and warm summers. Average low temperatures are below freezing from early/mid October to mid/late April; however, due to the wide diurnal temperature variation, only December and January have an average high that is below freezing. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 60% in July to 81% in November, the county seat is very sunny, receiving 3,092 hours of bright sunshine annually; relative humidity in all months is below 50% and is for seven months below 40%. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −9.6 °C (14.7 °F) in January to 15.2 °C (59.4 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 3.41 °C (38.1 °F). Over 70% of the annual precipitation of 218 mm (8.58 in) is delivered from May to August.

Climate data for Dulan County (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1971–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.7
(53.1)
15.9
(60.6)
20.0
(68.0)
27.1
(80.8)
28.0
(82.4)
28.9
(84.0)
31.8
(89.2)
32.2
(90.0)
30.3
(86.5)
23.3
(73.9)
16.1
(61.0)
11.5
(52.7)
32.2
(90.0)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −2.0
(28.4)
1.6
(34.9)
6.1
(43.0)
12.0
(53.6)
16.2
(61.2)
19.4
(66.9)
22.0
(71.6)
21.8
(71.2)
17.5
(63.5)
10.6
(51.1)
4.4
(39.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
10.8
(51.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −9.4
(15.1)
−5.5
(22.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
5.1
(41.2)
9.5
(49.1)
13.0
(55.4)
15.3
(59.5)
14.8
(58.6)
10.3
(50.5)
3.3
(37.9)
−3.1
(26.4)
−8.1
(17.4)
3.7
(38.7)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −14.7
(5.5)
−11
(12)
−6.1
(21.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
3.0
(37.4)
6.9
(44.4)
9.4
(48.9)
8.7
(47.7)
4.5
(40.1)
−2.0
(28.4)
−8.0
(17.6)
−13.2
(8.2)
−2.0
(28.4)
Record low °C (°F) −26.4
(−15.5)
−22.2
(−8.0)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−12.6
(9.3)
−6.7
(19.9)
−1.3
(29.7)
0.6
(33.1)
0.2
(32.4)
−4.8
(23.4)
−12.6
(9.3)
−18.8
(−1.8)
−25.7
(−14.3)
−26.4
(−15.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4.2
(0.17)
5.8
(0.23)
7.6
(0.30)
9.1
(0.36)
31.1
(1.22)
51.7
(2.04)
57.5
(2.26)
29.2
(1.15)
19.3
(0.76)
5.9
(0.23)
5.2
(0.20)
2.5
(0.10)
229.1
(9.02)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.3 3.8 4.5 3.9 7.4 10.6 11.4 8.6 6.1 2.8 2.6 3.2 69.2
Average snowy days 5.6 5.4 6.4 4.9 3.8 0.6 0.1 0 0.3 2.9 3.6 4.3 37.9
Average relative humidity (%) 41 36 33 30 37 48 51 47 45 37 37 38 40
Mean monthly sunshine hours 225.1 213.5 247.1 268.5 269.6 246.8 254.9 258.6 242.4 264.7 238.8 227.6 2,957.6
Percent possible sunshine 72 69 66 68 62 57 58 62 66 77 79 76 68
Source: China Meteorological Administration[2][3][4]
Climate data for Nuomuhong, Dulan (1991–2020 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
4.5
(40.1)
9.8
(49.6)
15.9
(60.6)
20.5
(68.9)
24.1
(75.4)
26.5
(79.7)
25.9
(78.6)
21.5
(70.7)
14.3
(57.7)
6.5
(43.7)
0.4
(32.7)
14.1
(57.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −8.9
(16.0)
−4.1
(24.6)
1.6
(34.9)
7.8
(46.0)
12.6
(54.7)
16.4
(61.5)
18.5
(65.3)
17.5
(63.5)
12.9
(55.2)
5.3
(41.5)
−2.4
(27.7)
−8.0
(17.6)
5.8
(42.4)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −15.4
(4.3)
−11.1
(12.0)
−5.6
(21.9)
0.3
(32.5)
5.2
(41.4)
9.5
(49.1)
11.8
(53.2)
10.9
(51.6)
6.4
(43.5)
−1.5
(29.3)
−8.9
(16.0)
−14.4
(6.1)
−1.1
(30.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.1
(0.04)
0.7
(0.03)
0.8
(0.03)
1.4
(0.06)
7.5
(0.30)
14.0
(0.55)
12.8
(0.50)
7.5
(0.30)
4.9
(0.19)
0.6
(0.02)
0.3
(0.01)
0.5
(0.02)
52.1
(2.05)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.9 0.8 1.2 0.9 2.9 5.3 6.3 4.5 3.2 0.7 0.7 0.8 29.2
Average snowy days 2.8 1.9 2.6 1.3 0.7 0 0 0 0 0.6 1.4 1.3 12.6
Average relative humidity (%) 39 30 26 24 29 39 44 41 39 33 34 38 35
Mean monthly sunshine hours 223.8 220.3 264.6 284.0 288.3 262.7 267.3 264.7 244.4 259.3 243.9 227.1 3,050.4
Percent possible sunshine 72 71 71 72 66 60 61 64 67 76 81 76 70
Source: China Meteorological Administration[5][6]

Administrative divisions

Dulan County is divided into 4 towns and 4 townships.

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie Mongolian (traditional script) Mongolian (Cyrillic) Administrative division code
Towns
Qagan Us Town
(Chahanwusu, Cahainwusu)
察汉乌苏镇 Cháhànwūsū Zhèn ཚ་ཧན་བུའུ་སུའུ་གྲོང་རྡལ། tsha han bu'u su'u grong rdal ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ᠋ᠤᠰᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Цагааносон балгас 632822100
Xangdê Town
(Xiangride, Dorboljin)
香日德镇 Xiāngrìdé Zhèn ཤངས་སྡེ་གྲོང་རྡལ། shangs sde grong rdal ᠳᠥᠷᠪᠡᠯᠵᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Дөрвөлжин балгас 632822101
Xarag Town
(Xaruha, Xarrika, Xiariha)
夏日哈镇 Xiàrìhā Zhèn ཤ་རུ་ཧ་གྲོང་རྡལ། sha ru ha grong rdal 632822102
Zongja Town
(Juun, Zongjia)
宗加镇 Zōngjiā Zhèn ཙོང་ཇ་གྲོང་རྡལ། tsong ja grong rdal ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Зүүн балгас 632822103
Townships
Qukoi Township
(Reshui)
热水乡 Rèshuǐ Xiāng ཆུ་ཁོལ་ཞང་། chu khol zhang 632822200
Xang Township
(Xiangjia)
香加乡 Xiāngjiā Xiāng ᠱᠠᠩ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ Шан сум 632822201
Guru Township
(Guri, Gugri, Gouli)
沟里乡 Gōulǐ Xiāng རྒུ་རུ་ཞང་། rgu ru zhang 632822202
Barun Township
(Balung, Balong)
巴隆乡 Bālóng Xiāng པ་ལུང་ཞང་། pa lung zhang ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ Баруун сум 632822203

Transport

References

  1. ^ "海西州第七次全国人口普查公报(第二号)——各市县、行委常住人口情况" (in Chinese). Government of Haixi Prefecture. 2021-07-02.
  2. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 27 August 2023.
  3. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 27 August 2023.
  4. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
  5. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 27 September 2023.
  6. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 27 September 2023.