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alt=National Highway 109 shield
National Highway 109
Route information
Part of AH42
Length3,901 km (2,424 mi)
Major junctions
Highway system
G108 G110

China National Highway 109 connects Beijing with Lhasa. It runs westwards from Beijing via Datong, Yinchuan and Xining to Golmud before turning southwest to Lhasa. The portion of the highway from Xining to Lhasa is known as the Qinghai-Tibet Highway.[1] The total length of the route is 3,901 km.

Fushi Road or Jinglan Road forms the stretch of G109 in Beijing, as it begins from Fuchengmen and traverses through Shijingshan. The majority of the Beijing section is in Mentougou District.

The section of the highway within western Qinghai and Tibet, from Golmud to Lhasa, is paralleled by the Qinghai-Tibet Railway. The highway reaches its highest elevation of 5,231 meters (17,162 ft) at Tanggula Pass. Construction of this section started on 11 May 1954.[2]

"Tasked with carrying upwards of 85 per cent of goods in and out of Tibet, the Qinghai-Tibet Highway has been dubbed the "Lifeline of Tibet." ... Since it was opened to traffic in 1954, the central government has spent nearly 3 billion yuan (US$362 million) on three major overhauls. It was asphalted in 1985."[3]

The route also holds importance as one of the main coal transport routes in southern Inner Mongolia.[4]

Route and distance

The Dongfanghong Tunnel in Mentougou District, Beijing
G109 in Qinghai
G109 to the north of Lhasa.
Route and distance
City Distance (km) Elevation(m)
Beijing 0 100
Yangyuan, Hebei 292 900
Datong, Shanxi 375 1100
Zuoyun, Shanxi 432 1200
Youyu, Shanxi 456 1300
Qingshuihe, Inner Mongolia 567 1100
Dongsheng, Inner Mongolia 794 1300
Shizuishan, Ningxia 1142 1100
Huinong, Ningxia 1157 1100
Pingluo, Ningxia 1187 1100
Helan County, Ningxia 1235 1100
Yinchuan, Ningxia 1249 1100
Yongning County, Ningxia 1269 1100
Qingtongxia, Ningxia 1303 1100
Zhongning, Ningxia 1382 1100
Jingyuan County, Gansu 1597 1300
Baiyin, Gansu 1663 1700
Gaolan, Gansu 1706 1600
Lanzhou, Gansu 1753 1500
Xigu District, Gansu 1782 1500
Minhe, Qinghai 1873 1700
Ledu District, Haidong, Qinghai 1920 1900
Ping'an District, Haidong, Qinghai 1948 2100
Xining, Qinghai 1984 2200
Huangyuan, Qinghai 2033 2600
Dulan, Qinghai 2407 3100
Golmud, Qinghai 2739 2600
Tanggula Pass, Tibet 5231
Amdo, Tibet 3435 4600
Nagqu, Tibet 3575 4400
Damxung, Tibet 3739 4200
Doilungdêqên District, Lhasa, Tibet 3889 3600
Chengguan District, Lhasa, Tibet 3901 3600

See also


  1. ^ Caidan, Ann; Jun, Liu; Jinhui, Li; Tao, Xie (2003). Tibet China: travel guide. China Intercontinental Press. pp. 160–161. ISBN 9787508503745.
  2. ^ 王宗仁 (2001-10-01). 苍茫青藏 (in Chinese). Beijing Book Co. Inc. ISBN 978-7-5065-4113-8.
  3. ^ Gyaco, Former director of the Communications Commission of the Tibet Autonomous Region (2005-01-05). "Roads of change revitalize Tibet". Asia Africa Intelligence Wire, Business Daily Update. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  4. ^ "保证司乘安全 国道109线4座大型桥梁定期检测-内蒙古新闻-中国新闻网". Retrieved 2021-06-04.