Gonghe County
共和县 · གསེར་ཆེན་རྫོང་།
Kungho
Gonghe County (light red) within Hainan Prefecture (yellow) and Qinghai
Gonghe County (light red) within Hainan Prefecture (yellow) and Qinghai
Gonghe is located in Qinghai
Gonghe
Gonghe
Location of the seat in Qinghai
Coordinates (Gonghe County government): 36°17′03″N 100°37′10″E / 36.2842°N 100.6194°E / 36.2842; 100.6194
CountryChina
ProvinceQinghai
Autonomous prefectureHainan
County seatQabqa
Area
 • Total16,364 km2 (6,318 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[2]
 • Total133,409
 • Density8.2/km2 (21/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Websitewww.gonghe.gov.cn
Gonghe County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese共和县
Traditional Chinese共和縣
Tibetan name
Tibetanགསེར་ཆེན་རྫོང་།

Gonghe County (Chinese: 共和县; Tibetan: གསེར་ཆེན་རྫོང་།), also known as Kungho, is a county of Qinghai Province, China under the administration of Hainan Prefecture. The seat of Gonghe County is in the town of Qabqa.

Administrative divisions

Gonghe County is made up of 7 towns and 4 townships:

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie Administrative division code
Towns
Qabqa Town
(Qiabuqia)
恰卜恰镇 Qiàbǔqià Zhèn ཆབ་ཆ་གྲོང་བརྡལ། chab cha grong brdal 632521100
Rigmoin Town
(Daotanghe)
倒淌河镇 Dàotǎnghé Zhèn རིག་སྨོན་གྲོང་རྡལ། rig smon grong rdal 632521101
Cai'ngagag Town
(Longyangxia)
龙羊峡镇 Lóngyángxiá Zhèn ཚལ་རྔ་འགག་གྲོང་རྡལ། tshal rnga 'gag grong rdal 632521102
Tanggarma Town
(Tanggemu)
塘格木镇 Tánggémù Zhèn ཐང་དཀར་མ་གྲོང་བརྡལ། thang dkar ma grong brdal 632521103
Danagma Town
(Heimahe)
黑马河镇 Hēimǎhé Zhèn རྟ་ནག་མ་གྲོང་རྡལ། rta nag ma grong rdal 632521104
Sênag Town
(Zhênag, Zhiunag, Shinaihai)
石乃亥镇 Shínǎihài Zhèn སྤྲེའུ་ནག་གྲོང་རྡལ། spre'u nag grong rdal 632521105
Jangxê Town
(Jangsi, Jiangxigou, Jings)
江西沟镇 Jiāngxīgōu Zhèn ཅང་ཤེས་གྲོང་རྡལ། cang shes grong rdal 632521106
Townships
Sazhubxi Township 沙珠玉乡 Shāzhūyù Xiāng ས་གྲུ་བཞི་ཞང་། sa gru bzhi zhang 632521202
Têgê Township
(Tiegai, Deegee)
铁盖乡 Tiěgài Xiāng ཐེ་གེ་ཞང་། the ge zhang 632521203
Êrdi Township
(Niandi, Irt)
廿地乡 Niàndì Xiāng ཨེར་སྟི་ཞང་། er sti zhang 632521204
Qoijê Township
(Qieji)
切吉乡 Qièjí Xiāng ཆོས་རྗེ་ཞང་། chos rje zhang 632521205

Others:

Demographics

In 2006, 55% of the population were Tibetans, with Han, Hui, Mongolian and Salar minorities.[3]

Economy

Gonghe is rich in grassland, used for animal husbandry. Crops such as wheat, barley, peas, potatoes, beans, oilseed and oats are also grown.[3]

Geography

The county is located along Qinghai Lake. Local grasslands have been at risk of desertification, combated by newly planted grassland and forests.[3]

Climate

Climate data for Gonghe County (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.8
(53.2)
16.3
(61.3)
23.2
(73.8)
29.8
(85.6)
27.9
(82.2)
28.4
(83.1)
33.7
(92.7)
32.2
(90.0)
29.4
(84.9)
21.5
(70.7)
15.4
(59.7)
10.2
(50.4)
33.7
(92.7)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
4.3
(39.7)
9.3
(48.7)
14.7
(58.5)
17.9
(64.2)
20.7
(69.3)
22.8
(73.0)
22.5
(72.5)
18.2
(64.8)
12.9
(55.2)
6.9
(44.4)
1.5
(34.7)
12.7
(54.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −8.4
(16.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
1.3
(34.3)
7.0
(44.6)
11.0
(51.8)
14.3
(57.7)
16.4
(61.5)
15.7
(60.3)
11.4
(52.5)
5.2
(41.4)
−1.9
(28.6)
−7.3
(18.9)
5.0
(41.1)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −14.9
(5.2)
−10.9
(12.4)
−5.3
(22.5)
0.3
(32.5)
4.7
(40.5)
8.5
(47.3)
10.7
(51.3)
10.2
(50.4)
6.3
(43.3)
−0.7
(30.7)
−8.2
(17.2)
−13.6
(7.5)
−1.1
(30.1)
Record low °C (°F) −25.9
(−14.6)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−18.9
(−2.0)
−12.6
(9.3)
−5.4
(22.3)
−0.7
(30.7)
3.1
(37.6)
1.2
(34.2)
−3.4
(25.9)
−13.0
(8.6)
−23.8
(−10.8)
−24.8
(−12.6)
−25.9
(−14.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.7
(0.07)
1.8
(0.07)
5.6
(0.22)
15.0
(0.59)
41.2
(1.62)
57.5
(2.26)
76.8
(3.02)
71.3
(2.81)
48.2
(1.90)
12.8
(0.50)
2.3
(0.09)
1.0
(0.04)
335.2
(13.19)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.4 1.8 3.3 5.0 11.0 14.4 15.5 14.5 13.0 5.3 1.4 1.2 88.8
Average snowy days 3.8 3.3 4.5 4.1 1.3 0 0 0 0.1 2.2 1.9 2.3 23.5
Average relative humidity (%) 43 37 35 38 47 55 60 61 64 55 44 43 49
Mean monthly sunshine hours 229.9 224.4 255.4 261.3 259.4 236.4 246.1 250.2 216.8 243.7 240.8 234.8 2,899.2
Percent possible sunshine 74 72 68 66 59 54 56 61 59 71 79 78 66
Source: China Meteorological Administration[4][5]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Gònghé Xiàn (County, China) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location".
  2. ^ "海南州第七次全国人口普查公报(第二号)——县级常住人口情况" (in Chinese). Government of Hainan Prefecture. 2021-06-25.
  3. ^ a b c Wang, Xuehong (2008-04-30). Environmental protection in China. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 978-1-78100-763-1.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 27 August 2023.
  5. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 27 August 2023.