This article includes a list of references, related reading, or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (December 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Gangca County
刚察县རྐང་ཚ་རྫོང
Gangca County (light red) within Haibei Prefecture (yellow) and Qinghai
Gangca County (light red) within Haibei Prefecture (yellow) and Qinghai
Gangca is located in Qinghai
Gangca
Gangca
Location in Qinghai
Coordinates: 37°19′N 100°09′E / 37.317°N 100.150°E / 37.317; 100.150
CountryChina
ProvinceQinghai
Autonomous prefectureHaibei
Township-level divisions
  • 2 towns
  • 3 townships
County seatShaliuhe
Area
 • Total9,575.91 km2 (3,697.28 sq mi)
Elevation
3,309 m (10,856 ft)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total40,720
 • Density4.3/km2 (11/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
812300
Area code0970
Websitewww.gangcha.gov.cn
Gangca County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese刚察县
Traditional Chinese剛察縣
Tibetan name
Tibetanརྐང་ཚ་རྫོང

Gangca County (Tibetan: རྐང་ཚ་རྫོང; Chinese: 刚察县) is a county of northeastern Qinghai province, China, on the northern shore of Qinghai Lake. It is under the administration of Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture.

Administrative divisions

Gangca County is made up of 2 towns and 3 townships:

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie Administrative division code
Towns
Shaliuhe Town
(Omqu Town)
沙柳河镇 Shāliǔhé Zhèn འོམ་ཆུ་གྲོང་རྡལ། 'om chu grong rdal 632224100
Hairgi Town
(Baigê Town, Ha'ergai Town)
哈尔盖镇 Hā'ěrgài Zhèn དཔལ་དགེ་གྲོང་རྡལ། dpal dge grong rdal 632224101
Townships
Ih Ulan Township
(Yugar'omlung Township, Yikewulan Township)
伊克乌兰乡 Yīkèwūlán Xiāng གཡུ་དཀར་འོམ་ལུང་ཞང་། g.yu dkar ʼom lung zhang 632224200
Qonj Township
(Kyoinkyi Township, Quanji Township)
泉吉乡 Quánjí Xiāng ཁྱོན་འཁྱིལ་ཞང་། khyon 'khyil zhang 632224201
Jirmeng Township
(Gyimoin Township, Ji'ermeng Township)
吉尔孟乡 Jí'ěrmèng Xiāng སྐྱིད་སྨོན་ཞང་། skyid smon zhang 632224202

Geography and climate

With an elevation of around 3,300 metres (10,800 ft), Gangca County has an alpine subarctic climate (Köppen Dwc), with long, very cold, dry, and sunny winters, and short, rainy, mild summers. Average low temperatures are below freezing from late September to mid May; however, due to the wide diurnal temperature variation, the average high is above freezing from March to November inclusive. Despite frequent rain during summer, when a majority of days sees rain, no month has less than 55% of possible sunshine; with monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 56% in June to 83% in November, the county seat receives 3,012 hours of bright sunshine annually. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −13.5 °C (7.7 °F) in January to 10.9 °C (51.6 °F) in July, while the annual mean is −0.32 °C (31.4 °F). Over 80% of the annual precipitation of 379 mm (14.9 in) is delivered from June to September.

Climate data for Gangca (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1971–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
7.9
(46.2)
13.2
(55.8)
23.4
(74.1)
21.5
(70.7)
22.1
(71.8)
27.5
(81.5)
25.1
(77.2)
21.6
(70.9)
17.9
(64.2)
9.4
(48.9)
6.6
(43.9)
27.5
(81.5)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −4.5
(23.9)
−1.0
(30.2)
3.7
(38.7)
8.9
(48.0)
12.3
(54.1)
15.0
(59.0)
17.4
(63.3)
17.1
(62.8)
13.4
(56.1)
8.3
(46.9)
2.7
(36.9)
−2.1
(28.2)
7.6
(45.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −12.8
(9.0)
−9.3
(15.3)
−4.2
(24.4)
1.8
(35.2)
5.8
(42.4)
9.2
(48.6)
11.7
(53.1)
11.1
(52.0)
7.0
(44.6)
0.8
(33.4)
−5.6
(21.9)
−10.6
(12.9)
0.4
(32.7)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −19.1
(−2.4)
−15.9
(3.4)
−10.6
(12.9)
−4.5
(23.9)
0.1
(32.2)
4.0
(39.2)
6.7
(44.1)
6.2
(43.2)
2.4
(36.3)
−4.4
(24.1)
−11.5
(11.3)
−16.7
(1.9)
−5.3
(22.5)
Record low °C (°F) −30.4
(−22.7)
−29.5
(−21.1)
−23.3
(−9.9)
−15.4
(4.3)
−11.1
(12.0)
−6.6
(20.1)
−1.6
(29.1)
−3.2
(26.2)
−7.1
(19.2)
−17.4
(0.7)
−23.6
(−10.5)
−29.3
(−20.7)
−30.4
(−22.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.4
(0.06)
2.3
(0.09)
6.0
(0.24)
13.1
(0.52)
39.8
(1.57)
74.7
(2.94)
95.0
(3.74)
105.0
(4.13)
55.8
(2.20)
13.4
(0.53)
2.2
(0.09)
0.6
(0.02)
409.3
(16.13)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.5 2.8 4.5 6.9 11.6 17.5 18.0 17.4 14.3 6.1 1.6 1.1 104.3
Average snowy days 3.7 3.7 6.9 9.4 8.3 1.4 0.3 0.5 2.6 7.1 2.7 2.2 48.8
Average relative humidity (%) 46 43 43 47 55 63 67 69 69 57 45 44 54
Mean monthly sunshine hours 238.4 230.3 259.2 256.6 256.5 227.1 240.3 238.3 218.3 255.7 247.4 240.7 2,908.8
Percent possible sunshine 77 75 69 65 58 52 54 57 59 75 82 81 67
Source 1: China Meteorological Administration[2][3]
Source 2: Weather China[4]

Transport

See also

References

  1. ^ "海北州第七次全国人口普查公报(第一、二、三、四、五、六号)" (in Chinese). Government of Haibei Prefecture. 2022-12-02.
  2. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 27 September 2023.
  3. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 27 September 2023.
  4. ^ 刚察 - 气象数据 -中国天气网 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 27 September 2023.