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Weifang
潍坊市
Top to bottom, left to right: Panorama view of Zhucheng area, Arch of Dongfengjie Bridge area, Weifang Kite Museum, Stature of Lu Ban, nearby Weifang People
Top to bottom, left to right: Panorama view of Zhucheng area, Arch of Dongfengjie Bridge area, Weifang Kite Museum, Stature of Lu Ban, nearby Weifang People's Park, Fangci historical heritage area
Location of Weifang City jurisdiction in Shandong
Location of Weifang City jurisdiction in Shandong
Weifang is located in China
Weifang
Weifang
Location in China
Coordinates (Weifang municipal government): 36°42′29″N 119°09′43″E / 36.708°N 119.162°E / 36.708; 119.162Coordinates: 36°42′29″N 119°09′43″E / 36.708°N 119.162°E / 36.708; 119.162
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceShandong
Municipal seatKuiwen District
Subdivisions
Government
 • Party SecretaryDu Changwen
 • MayorLiu Shuguang
Area
 • Prefecture-level city16,143.14 km2 (6,232.90 sq mi)
 • Urban
2,646.1 km2 (1,021.7 sq mi)
 • Metro
3,746.6 km2 (1,446.6 sq mi)
Elevation
32 m (106 ft)
Population
 (2020 census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city9,386,705
 • Density580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Urban
2,511,721
 • Urban density950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Metro
3,095,520
 • Metro density830/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
 • Major nationalities
Han Chinese
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
261000
(Urban center)
261300, 261500, 262100, 262200, 262400-262700
(Other areas)
Area code(s)536
ISO 3166 codeCN-SD-07
License plate prefixesG & 鲁V
GDPCNY 478.67 billion (2014)
Coastline113 kilometres (70 mi)
Websitehttp://www.weifang.gov.cn/

Weifang (simplified Chinese: 潍坊; traditional Chinese: 濰坊; pinyin: Wéifāng) is a prefecture-level city in central Shandong province, People's Republic of China. The city borders Dongying to the northwest, Zibo to the west, Linyi to the southwest, Rizhao to the south, Qingdao to the east, and looks out to the Laizhou Bay to the north. Its population was 9,386,705 at the 2020 census, of whom 3,095,520 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of four urban districts (Kuiwen, Weicheng, Hanting and Fangzi) and Changle County largely being urbanized.

Weifang has numerous natural and historic sites, such as Shihu Garden (from the Late Ming and early Qing Dynasty), Fangong Pavilion (from the Song Dynasty), fossil sites (including dinosaur fossils, in Shanwang, Linqu), Mount Yi National Forest Park, Mount Qingyun and the Old Dragon Spring. Painted New Year woodcuts from Yangjiabu are also well known. The city is served by Weifang Nanyuan Airport to various cities across China.

History

In 750 BC King Weijazhung declared Weifang as his capital. His son Liefangxa grew Weifang to 600 people. In 100 BC Weifang grew to 10,000. By 1950 Weifang's population was 1,000,000 and by 2019 its population had skyrocketed to 10,000,000.

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Weifang administers 12 county-level divisions, including four districts, six county-level cities and two counties.

Map
Subdivision Chinese Pinyin
Weicheng District 潍城区 Wéichéng Qū
Hanting District 寒亭区 Hántíng Qū
Fangzi District 坊子区 Fāngzǐ Qū
Kuiwen District 奎文区 Kuǐwén Qū
Linqu County 临朐县 Línqú Xiàn
Changle County 昌乐县 Chānglè Xiàn
Qingzhou 青州市 Qīngzhōu Shì
Zhucheng 诸城市 Zhūchéng Shì
Shouguang 寿光市 Shòuguāng Shì
Anqiu 安丘市 Ānqiū Shì
Gaomi 高密市 Gāomì Shì
Changyi 昌邑市 Chāngyì Shì

Geography

Nearby major cities include Jinan and Zibo to the west, Yantai to the northeast and Qingdao to the southeast.

Weifang has a monsoon-influenced, four-season humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), with hot, humid summers, and cold but dry winters. Monthly daily average temperatures range from −2.8 °C (27.0 °F) in January to 26.3 °C (79.3 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 12.71 °C (54.9 °F). More than 70% of the annual precipitation occurs from June to September, and sunshine is generally abundant year-round. A majority of the annual precipitation occurs in July and August alone. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 47% in July to 62% in April, the city receives 2,536 hours of bright sunshine annually, sunshine is abundant except during the summer months.

Climate data for Weifang (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.3
(37.9)
6.6
(43.9)
12.7
(54.9)
20.4
(68.7)
25.9
(78.6)
30.2
(86.4)
31.3
(88.3)
30.2
(86.4)
26.8
(80.2)
21.1
(70.0)
12.7
(54.9)
5.6
(42.1)
18.9
(66.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.8
(27.0)
0.1
(32.2)
5.8
(42.4)
13.3
(55.9)
19.2
(66.6)
23.9
(75.0)
26.3
(79.3)
25.3
(77.5)
20.8
(69.4)
14.5
(58.1)
6.4
(43.5)
−0.3
(31.5)
12.7
(54.9)
Average low °C (°F) −7.2
(19.0)
−4.8
(23.4)
0.3
(32.5)
7.0
(44.6)
12.8
(55.0)
18.2
(64.8)
22.1
(71.8)
21.2
(70.2)
15.6
(60.1)
9.2
(48.6)
1.5
(34.7)
−4.7
(23.5)
7.6
(45.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 6.5
(0.26)
9.9
(0.39)
15.7
(0.62)
22.1
(0.87)
46.6
(1.83)
75.9
(2.99)
137.2
(5.40)
133.7
(5.26)
57.9
(2.28)
31.0
(1.22)
19.8
(0.78)
8.9
(0.35)
565.2
(22.25)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3.4 3.9 4.0 5.6 6.4 8.4 12.5 10.2 6.8 5.9 4.8 3.7 75.6
Average relative humidity (%) 63 60 58 58 64 66 78 81 74 68 67 64 67
Mean monthly sunshine hours 176.4 176.1 215.6 241.9 267.7 241.8 208.8 221.1 222.9 211.5 179.6 172.9 2,536.3
Percent possible sunshine 58 58 58 62 61 55 47 53 60 61 59 58 57
Source: China Meteorological Administration (precipitation days and sunshine 1971–2000)[2][3]

Economy

The city is home to the large diesel engine company and factory Weichai. The village of Yangjiabu in Hanting District is famous for folk wood-block print (nianhua) and kite production.

In the 1980s, many sapphire deposits were discovered in Changle County. According to released information, billions of carats of sapphire are estimated to lie under an area of 450 km2 (170 sq mi). Mining here has become one of the top four sapphire producers in the world. The main feature of this sapphire is the dark blue or close to black color because of the high iron content.

Established in August 1995, the Weifang Binhai Economic & Technological Development Area (BEDA) is a national economic and technological development area approved by the State Council. Covering an area of 677 km2 (261 sq mi), BEDA has a population of 100,000. BEDA possesses a large state-owned industrial land for use with an area of 400 km2 (150 sq mi). BEDA has been accredited as a National Demonstration Zone invigorating the Sea by Science and Technology, National Innovation Base for Rejuvenating Trade through Science and Technology and National Demonstration Eco-Industry Park.

Military

Weifang is the headquarters of the 26th Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the three group armies that comprise the Jinan Military Region responsible for defense of the Yellow River Plain.

A historic German train station in Euro Town, Weifang
A historic German train station in Euro Town, Weifang

Culture

Kite flying

Kite Museum in Weifang
Kite Museum in Weifang

Kite flying is a traditional custom among the people in Weifang in spring time. In 1984, the first international kite festival was held in Weifang. More than ten thousand kite fans attended the opening ceremony. People from eleven different countries and regions, including the United States and Canada, took part in the festival, flying kites. Since then, Weifang holds the Weifang International Kite Festival each year. It is held each April.[4]

Painting

Annual Board of Yangjiabu (楊家埠木版年畫), one of the three most famous Chinese folk paintings in history, began from the end of the Ming Dynasty. It reached the peak of its development during the Qing Dynasty. People usually replace the old Annual Broads with the new ones on the eve of Spring Festival, which is the most important festival in China, in order to give blessings to the family and friends for the following year. The subjects of Annual Board of Yangjiabu are various, which include flowers, beauties, landscapes, characters from myths and legends. The architecture skills such as concise lines and bright colors reflect the distinctive characteristics of people in Weifang.

Papercutting

Chinese papercutting, in a style that is practically identical to the original 6th century form
Chinese papercutting, in a style that is practically identical to the original 6th century form

Papercutting, the art of cutting paper designs, has a long history in the city of Gaomi. This widespread handicraft has unique styles, such as strong contrast in color, straight and simple line and exaggerated outline. The characters mostly come from the dramatic stories, flowers and birds, as well as some fantastic symbols.

Cuisine

There are three dishes representative of Weifang:

Education

Weifang University and Weifang Medical University are universities in the city.

Notable people

See also: Category:People from Weifang

In addition, Kong Rong, Fan Zhongyan, Ouyang Xiu, Su Dongpo, Zheng Banqiao, et al. have worked in Weifang historically. Examples of notable individuals from the city in more recent years include Wang Jinmei, Chen Shaomin, Wang Yuanjian, Wang Tongzhao and Zang Kejia.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ "China: Shāndōng (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  3. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
  4. ^ Pictures of the 22nd Weifang Kite Festival Archived May 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine