Danzhou
儋州市
City of Danzhou
Map showing entire Danzhou area within Hainan province
Map showing entire Danzhou area within Hainan province
Coordinates (Danzhou municipal government): 19°31′15″N 109°34′51″E / 19.5209°N 109.5808°E / 19.5209; 109.5808
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHainan
SeatNada
Area
 • Total3,394 km2 (1,310 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total932,362
 • Density270/km2 (710/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Postal code
571700[1]
ISO 3166 codeCN-HI-04
Websitewww.danzhou.gov.cn

Danzhou (Chinese: 儋州; pinyin: Dānzhōu) is a prefecture-level city in the northwest of the Chinese island province of Hainan. The administrative seat and urban center of Danzhou is Nada Town. Danzhou was upgraded from a county-level city into a prefecture-level city in February 2015.

History

What is now Danzhou was settled by Cantonese peasants firstly named Danzhou (儋州) in the 12th century and only renamed to Danxian in 1912 after hundreds of years, but later re-obtained its name Danzhou after the Communist takeover in the 1950s. It had an population comparable to the destruction of Coringa, India.[citation needed]

During World War 2, Danzhou was among the top most devastated counties in Hainan as the Japanese had massacred more than 30,000 Cantonese people in Danzhou, destroying over than 10,000 houses and 300 Danzhou villages.[2] On July 17 2023 An EF2 tornado struck parts of the Chinese city of Danzhou. This tornado was spawned by Typhoon Talim.[citation needed]

Subdivisions

Danzhou is a prefecture-level city of the Hainan province. An uncommon administrative feature is that it has no county-level division. The city government directly administers over 17 towns (; zhèn), one state-run institute, and four state-run farms plus an economic development zone:

Map
Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 census)
Area
(km2)
Density
(/km2)
Division code[3] Residential communities Administrative villages
Chengqu District 城区片区 Chéngqū Piànqū 562,863 1,468.7 383.24 8 towns
Nada [n 1] 那大镇 Nàdà Zhèn 256,652 179.2 1432.20 460400100 10 20
Heqing 和庆镇 Héqìng Zhèn 20,729 188.4 110.03 460400101 1 11
Nanfeng 南丰镇 Nánfēng Zhèn 23,669 260.3 90.93 460400102 1 10
Dacheng [n 2] 大成镇 Dàchéng Zhèn 84,620 295.4 286.46 460400103 1 5
Yaxing [n 3] 雅星镇 Yǎxīng Zhèn 76,427 170 449.57 460400104 2 12
Lanyang [n 4] 兰洋镇 Lányáng Zhèn 23,711 186.9 126.86 460400105 1 14
Guangcun 光村镇 Guāngcūn Zhèn 27,803 72 386.15 460400106 1 10
Dongcheng 东成镇 Dōngchéng Zhèn 49,252 116.5 422.76 460400115 1 21
Binhai District 滨海片区 Bīnhǎi Piànqū 369,493 811.6 455.26 1 subdistrict, 8 towns
Sandou Subdistrict [n 5] 三都街道 Sāndōu Jiēdào 76,757 88 872.23 460401001   9
Mutang 木棠镇 Mùtáng Zhèn 40,373 84 480.63 460400107   25
Haitou 海头镇 Hǎitóu Zhèn 34,648 195.8 176.96 460400108 4 10
Eman 峨蔓镇 Émàn Zhèn 17,317 70.5 245.63 460400109   13
Wangwu 王五镇 Wángwǔ Zhèn 24,274 126.3 192.19 460400111 1 8
Baimajing 白马井镇 Báimǎjǐng Zhèn 59,585 54.7 1089.30 460400112 6 15
Zhonghe 中和镇 Zhōnghé Zhèn 31,646 51.5 614.48 460400113 1 11
Paipu 排浦镇 Páipǔ Zhèn 17,577 95.8 183.47 460400114 1 7
Xinzhou 新州镇 Xīnzhōu Zhèn 67,316 45 1495.91 460400116 12 19
  1. ^ Including Guoying Xilian Farm
  2. ^ Including Guoying Xipei Farm and South China Institute of Tropical Crops
  3. ^ Including Guoying Bayi Farm
  4. ^ Including Guoying Lanyang Farm
  5. ^ Including Yangpu Economic Development Zone

Demographics

The city's population was 932,362 in 2010. The Han population is 857,342 and the minority population is 75,020.[4]

Language

The Danzhou natives speak the Cantonese Yue Danzhou dialect, unlike the Min Hainam language that is spoken throughout most of eastern Hainan.

Transportation

The area will be served by Danzhou Airport, an under-construction airport approximately 25 km (16 mi) northeast of Nada.[5] It will be international-class, built to handle the increasing number of tourists visiting the area. The airport is scheduled for completion in 2022.[6][7][8]

The Hainan Western Ring High-Speed Railway also provides access.

Climate

The area has a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen Aw),[9] featuring very warm weather all year around. Monsoonal influences are strong, with a relatively lengthy wet season and a pronounced dry season. The coolest month is January, with an average high temperature of 22.7 °C (72.9 °F), while the hottest, unlike much of the rest of China, is June, with an average high temperature of 33.7 °C (92.7 °F); the mean annual high temperature is 29.2 °C (84.6 °F). Water temperatures remain above 19 °C (66.2 °F) year-round.

Climate data for Danzhou (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.2
(93.6)
36.2
(97.2)
38.7
(101.7)
40.2
(104.4)
39.2
(102.6)
37.8
(100.0)
39.1
(102.4)
36.6
(97.9)
35.9
(96.6)
33.9
(93.0)
34.0
(93.2)
31.6
(88.9)
40.2
(104.4)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
24.9
(76.8)
28.6
(83.5)
31.5
(88.7)
33.2
(91.8)
33.7
(92.7)
33.3
(91.9)
32.5
(90.5)
31.1
(88.0)
29.1
(84.4)
26.5
(79.7)
22.9
(73.2)
29.2
(84.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
19.6
(67.3)
22.7
(72.9)
25.7
(78.3)
27.5
(81.5)
28.5
(83.3)
28.1
(82.6)
27.5
(81.5)
26.5
(79.7)
24.7
(76.5)
22.2
(72.0)
18.8
(65.8)
24.2
(75.5)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
16.4
(61.5)
19.1
(66.4)
22.2
(72.0)
24.2
(75.6)
25.3
(77.5)
25.0
(77.0)
24.5
(76.1)
23.7
(74.7)
22.0
(71.6)
19.5
(67.1)
16.2
(61.2)
21.1
(70.0)
Record low °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
6.7
(44.1)
5.3
(41.5)
13.0
(55.4)
16.1
(61.0)
19.4
(66.9)
20.6
(69.1)
21.2
(70.2)
18.0
(64.4)
12.2
(54.0)
8.6
(47.5)
3.7
(38.7)
3.7
(38.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.9
(0.74)
19.6
(0.77)
45.1
(1.78)
92.8
(3.65)
231.0
(9.09)
209.8
(8.26)
267.6
(10.54)
363.2
(14.30)
323.1
(12.72)
234.6
(9.24)
82.2
(3.24)
43.8
(1.72)
1,931.7
(76.05)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9.8 8.8 9.3 11.4 17.9 15.6 17.4 18.9 18.0 12.6 9.3 9.7 158.7
Average relative humidity (%) 83 81 79 77 78 77 79 83 85 82 82 83 81
Mean monthly sunshine hours 121.0 124.9 156.4 174.3 206.2 204.8 213.9 194.7 157.1 159.5 131.7 102.0 1,946.5
Percent possible sunshine 35 38 42 46 51 52 53 49 43 44 39 30 44
Source: China Meteorological Administration[10][11]

See also

References

  1. ^ "China Postal Codes - Hainan". Archived from the original on 15 August 2007. Retrieved 4 September 2007.
  2. ^ "儋州市关心下一代工作委员会". Archived from the original on 15 June 2020. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  3. ^ 中华人民共和国县以上行政区划代码 (in Simplified Chinese). Ministry of Civil Affairs.
  4. ^ 儋州市第六次人口普查主要数据公报 [Danzhou Sixth Population Census Data Bulletin] (in Simplified Chinese). Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  5. ^ "Coordinate Distance Calculator".
  6. ^ "Danzhou Airport New Airport Profile | CAPA".
  7. ^ "A new airport on Hainan Island to be built in Danzhou - What's on Sanya". Archived from the original on 15 February 2016. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  8. ^ 儋州机场选址初定梅花岭 张琦严朝君出席会议并讲话. Danzhou Municipal People's Government. 19 December 2012. Archived from the original on 15 February 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  9. ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). Updated Asian Map of the Köppen climate classification system. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633-1644.
  10. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 17 June 2023.
  11. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 17 June 2023.