Hunchun

Hunchun (Chinese: 珲春, Korean: 훈춘시 Hunchun-si) is a county-level city in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, Jilin, northeast China. It borders North Korea (North Hamgyong province) and Russia (Primorsky Krai), has over 250,000 inhabitants, and streching on a 5,145 square-kilometer[1]. It was capital of Bohai Kingdom between 785-793 as "Dongyang".

Economy

Since the early 90s, the Chinese government invested a lot in transforming Hunchun into a regional economic center. On 9 March 1992 the Chinese parliament approved approved to set up Hunchun Border Economic Cooperation Zone. The national government and Jilin provincial government have invested in succession over four billion yuan in Hunchun through the 1990s.[2]

Transport

In the early 1990s, Jilin province government constructed a railway and improved the highway to Hunchun. A bridge connects between Hunchun and the North Korean town of Wonjeong (Korean: 원정). The bridge was built during the Japanese occupation in 1938. In 2010 the bridge was renovated as part of an agreement between North Korea and China to modernize the Rason port in North Korea.[3] In addition, a new railway line was constructed which links Hunchun and Makhalino (a station on the Ussuriysk-Khasan line, 41 km before Khasan) in Russia and began operating in February 2000.[4] Hunchun port is 42 km from Posyet and 63 km from Zarubino port towns of Russia.

References

  1. ^ http://www.nkeconwatch.com/2009/11/17/china-approves-tumen-border-development-zone/
  2. ^ "A survey of Hunchun". Office of the TCDC/ECDC Network in China. Retrieved 2008-02-09.
  3. ^ [http://www.nkeconwatch.com/2010/04/13/bridge-on-china-north-korea-border-being-renovated Bridge on China-North Korea border being renovated
  4. ^ Kawamura, Kazumi. "Nine Transportation Corridors in Northeast Asia and Their Discontinuous Points". The Economic Research Institute for Northeast Asia. Retrieved 2008-02-09.

27°42′N 110°38′E / 27.700°N 110.633°E / 27.700; 110.633