Meihekou
梅河口市
Meihekou in Tonghua
Meihekou in Tonghua
Meihekou is located in Jilin
Meihekou
Meihekou
Location in Jilin
Coordinates (Meihekou government): 42°32′27″N 125°42′39″E / 42.5407°N 125.7107°E / 42.5407; 125.7107
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceJilin
Prefecture-level cityTonghua
SeatXinhua Subdistrict (新华街道)
Area
 • County-level & Sub-prefectural city2,174.6 km2 (839.6 sq mi)
 • Urban
80.00 km2 (30.89 sq mi)
Elevation
180 m (590 ft)
Population
 (2009)[2]
617,262
 • Estimate 
(2017)
709,000
 • Urban285,100
 • Hukou permits
183,565
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
135000

Meihekou (Chinese: 梅河口; pinyin: Méihékǒu; lit. 'Plum River Mouth') is a city of 600,000 in Jilin province, People's Republic of China. It is a regional transport hub, connecting three railway lines, all of which are single track, and 2 national highways. The city is also a major lorry transshipment point in the region as it is also the junction of two trunk roads, connected to Liaoyuan in the northwest. The city is administratively a county-level city of the prefecture-level city of Tonghua, and is its northernmost county-level division.

Geography

Meihekou is located in southwestern Jilin province at latitudes 42° 08' to 43° 02' N and longitudes 125° 15' to 126° 03' E, stretching 97 kilometres (60 mi) north−south and 35 kilometres (22 mi) west−east. It is situated in the western foothills of the Changbai Mountains and on the upper reaches of the Huifa River (辉发河). Bordering county-level divisions are Huinan County to the east, Liuhe County to the south and southeast, Qingyuan Manchu Autonomous County (Liaoning) to the southwest, Dongfeng County to the west and northwest.

Climate

Climate data for Meihekou (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1971–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.2
(43.2)
13.9
(57.0)
18.8
(65.8)
29.9
(85.8)
33.5
(92.3)
35.2
(95.4)
36.1
(97.0)
34.4
(93.9)
30.4
(86.7)
28.9
(84.0)
20.0
(68.0)
10.8
(51.4)
36.1
(97.0)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −7.7
(18.1)
−2.7
(27.1)
4.8
(40.6)
14.7
(58.5)
21.7
(71.1)
25.9
(78.6)
28.0
(82.4)
26.9
(80.4)
22.2
(72.0)
14.2
(57.6)
3.1
(37.6)
−5.5
(22.1)
12.1
(53.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −14.6
(5.7)
−9.5
(14.9)
−1.1
(30.0)
8.1
(46.6)
15.4
(59.7)
20.4
(68.7)
23.1
(73.6)
21.7
(71.1)
15.4
(59.7)
7.3
(45.1)
−2.5
(27.5)
−11.6
(11.1)
6.0
(42.8)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −20.3
(−4.5)
−15.4
(4.3)
−6.4
(20.5)
2.1
(35.8)
9.4
(48.9)
15.4
(59.7)
18.9
(66.0)
17.3
(63.1)
9.8
(49.6)
1.7
(35.1)
−7.3
(18.9)
−16.8
(1.8)
0.7
(33.3)
Record low °C (°F) −37.7
(−35.9)
−34.7
(−30.5)
−27.6
(−17.7)
−12.2
(10.0)
−5.4
(22.3)
5.4
(41.7)
9.9
(49.8)
4.5
(40.1)
−3.4
(25.9)
−12.0
(10.4)
−25.5
(−13.9)
−34.7
(−30.5)
−37.7
(−35.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5.8
(0.23)
8.6
(0.34)
18.0
(0.71)
36.2
(1.43)
64.4
(2.54)
95.9
(3.78)
163.2
(6.43)
172.5
(6.79)
63.2
(2.49)
41.0
(1.61)
23.1
(0.91)
10.1
(0.40)
702
(27.66)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.6 4.9 6.7 8.2 11.9 14.3 14.8 13.8 8.7 8.6 7.4 6.6 111.5
Average snowy days 9.2 7.4 8.7 3.2 0 0 0 0 0 2.0 7.7 9.9 48.1
Average relative humidity (%) 68 63 59 53 57 68 78 81 75 67 68 69 67
Mean monthly sunshine hours 173.6 186.8 216.4 213.9 236.8 223.6 205.2 205.7 217.0 197.3 157.7 154.1 2,388.1
Percent possible sunshine 59 62 58 53 52 49 45 48 59 58 54 55 54
Source 1: China Meteorological Administration[3][4]
Source 2: Weather China[5]

Administrative divisions

Subdistricts:[6]

Towns:

Townships:

Population

During the 2010s, the city experienced a population drop of over the 30%.[7] Nevertheless, by the 2020s, Meihekou experienced a 60% population growth rate,[7] with the inhabitants going from 300,000 by mid-2010s to 420,000 in 2023.[8]

Economy

Meihekou was known as a center of agriculture and heavy industry.[7] In recent years, the city has developed an alimentation industry, and also has promoted tourism.[8]

Transportation

Meihekou is a regional transport hub, connecting the Shenji (Shenyang−Jilin City; 沈吉铁路), the Simei (Siping−Meihekou; 四梅铁路), and the Meiji (Meihekou−Ji'an 梅集铁路) Railways. The highways that pass through the area are the Heida (Heihe−Dalian) Highway and the Jixi (Ji'an−Xilinhot) Highway.

References

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 50. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. ^ 梅河口市人口民族 (in Chinese (China)). Meihekou People's Government. 15 December 2009. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 2011-04-28.
  3. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 July 2023.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 July 2023.
  5. ^ 梅河口 - 气象数据 -中国天气网 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 28 November 2022.
  6. ^ 通化市-行政区划网. xzqh.org.
  7. ^ a b c "Chinese city of Meihekou sees population growth, bucking national trend", South China Morning Post, retrieved 2023-08-20
  8. ^ a b "走进县城看发展丨吉林梅河口:打造宜居宜业的活力之城-新华网". www.news.cn. Retrieved 2023-08-20.