Tumen
图们市 · 도문시
Tumen is located in Jilin
Tumen
Tumen
Location in Jilin province
Tumen is located in China
Tumen
Tumen
Tumen (China)
Coordinates: 42°58′N 129°51′E / 42.967°N 129.850°E / 42.967; 129.850
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceJilin
PrefectureYanbian
SeatXiangshang Subdistrict
Area
 • County-level city1,142.7 km2 (441.2 sq mi)
 • Urban
15.00 km2 (5.79 sq mi)
Elevation
97 m (318 ft)
Population
 (2017)[1]
 • County-level city121,000
 • Density110/km2 (270/sq mi)
 • Urban
84,700
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code133100
Website[2]
Tumen, Jilin
Simplified Chinese图们市
Traditional Chinese圖們市
Chinese Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl도문시
South Korean name
Hangul투먼 시

Tumen (simplified Chinese: 图们; traditional Chinese: 圖們; pinyin: Túmén; Chosŏn'gŭl: 도문; Hangul: 투먼) is a county-level city in Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, eastern Jilin province, Northeast China. Of its 136,000 inhabitants, approximately 78,000 (or 57%) are of Korean descent.[citation needed] The two official languages are Chinese and Korean. Tumen is separated from Namyang of North Hamgyong province of North Korea by the Tumen River. Due to this proximity, many North Koreans escaping North Korea pass through Tumen. Tumen is also the location of a large detention center for captured North Koreans awaiting deportation. Tumen has two major food markets, the South Market and the North Market, where most of the residents purchase their food. Packaged foods and meats are usually sold inside the building, and vegetables are sold outside. There are six elementary schools, with three Korean schools, and three Chinese schools.

A riverfront promenade in the city has restaurants where patrons can gaze across the river into North Korea.[2]

Administrative divisions

Tumen railway station

Tumen has three subdistricts and four towns.[3]

Subdistricts:

Towns:

Climate

Climate data for Tumen (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
11.3
(52.3)
20.8
(69.4)
33.3
(91.9)
33.7
(92.7)
37.4
(99.3)
37.7
(99.9)
36.5
(97.7)
32.2
(90.0)
27.4
(81.3)
19.3
(66.7)
10.1
(50.2)
37.7
(99.9)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −5.9
(21.4)
−1.2
(29.8)
5.8
(42.4)
14.7
(58.5)
20.4
(68.7)
23.6
(74.5)
26.2
(79.2)
26.6
(79.9)
22.6
(72.7)
15.1
(59.2)
4.1
(39.4)
−4.2
(24.4)
12.3
(54.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −11.7
(10.9)
−7.4
(18.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
7.9
(46.2)
13.5
(56.3)
17.7
(63.9)
21.2
(70.2)
21.5
(70.7)
15.9
(60.6)
8.3
(46.9)
−1.5
(29.3)
−9.5
(14.9)
6.3
(43.4)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −16.6
(2.1)
−13.0
(8.6)
−5.8
(21.6)
1.5
(34.7)
7.7
(45.9)
13.2
(55.8)
17.5
(63.5)
17.7
(63.9)
10.8
(51.4)
2.5
(36.5)
−6.2
(20.8)
−14
(7)
1.3
(34.3)
Record low °C (°F) −29.2
(−20.6)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−9.1
(15.6)
−1.3
(29.7)
5.7
(42.3)
10.0
(50.0)
7.1
(44.8)
−1.1
(30.0)
−11.5
(11.3)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−26.2
(−15.2)
−29.2
(−20.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 6.5
(0.26)
6.6
(0.26)
12.9
(0.51)
31.0
(1.22)
68.1
(2.68)
81.0
(3.19)
128.7
(5.07)
111.6
(4.39)
65.0
(2.56)
32.6
(1.28)
20.1
(0.79)
7.6
(0.30)
571.7
(22.51)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.8 3.3 5.6 8.5 13.9 14.2 14.4 14.1 9.4 6.5 6.1 4.4 103.2
Average snowy days 4.2 4.9 6.4 2.6 0.1 0 0 0 0 1.1 5.7 5.8 30.8
Average relative humidity (%) 56 53 52 53 66 78 83 82 76 63 59 58 65
Mean monthly sunshine hours 193.3 200.0 228.6 213.9 212.0 186.9 163.4 172.7 202.4 202.0 166.1 171.3 2,312.6
Percent possible sunshine 66 67 62 53 47 41 35 40 55 60 57 61 54
Source: China Meteorological Administration[4][5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 50. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. ^ [1] Onishi, Norimitsu, "Tension, Desperation: The China-North Korean Border", October 22, 2006. Information here comes from a one-paragraph caption ("The View from Prosperity") in the article's extensive illustration.
  3. ^ "延边朝鲜族自治州-行政区划网 www.xzqh.org" (in Chinese). xzqh.org. Retrieved 2011-04-28.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 July 2023.
  5. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 July 2023.