Jingyu County
靖宇县
Location in Baishan City
Location in Baishan City
Jingyu is located in Jilin
Jingyu
Jingyu
Location of the county seat in Jilin
Coordinates: 42°12′N 126°30′E / 42.200°N 126.500°E / 42.200; 126.500
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceJilin
Prefecture-level cityBaishan
County seatJingyu Town
Area
 • Total3,094 km2 (1,195 sq mi)
Elevation
549.2 m (1,801.8 ft)
Population
 • Total144,000
 • Density47/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
135200
Area code0439
Websitejyx.cbs.gov.cn

Jingyu County (simplified Chinese: 靖宇县; traditional Chinese: 靖宇縣; pinyin: Jìngyǔ Xiàn), formerly Méngjiāng County (simplified Chinese: 蒙江县; traditional Chinese: 蒙江縣) until February 1946,[1] is a county in southern Jilin province, People's Republic of China. It is under the administration of Baishan City. It is named after General Yang Jingyu, who was killed here during World War II.

Administrative divisions

There are seven towns and five townships under the county's administration.[2]

Towns:

  • Jingyu (靖宇镇)
  • Sandaohu (三道湖镇)
  • Huayuankou (花园口镇)
  • Xinancha (西南岔镇)
  • Longquan (龙泉镇)
  • Na'erhong (那尔轰镇)
  • Jingshan (景山镇)

Townships:

  • Yushuchuan Township (榆树川乡)
  • Yanping Township (燕平乡)
  • Dongxing Township (东兴乡)
  • Chisong Township (赤松乡)
  • Mengjiang Township (濛江乡)

Geography and climate

Jingyu is located in southern Jilin and the northern part of Baishan City on the upper reaches of the Songhua River amidst the western periphery of the Changbai Mountains. The bordering county-level divisions are Fusong County to the east, Jiangyuan District to the south, Huinan to the west, and Huadian to the north. Its latitude ranges from 42° 06' to 42° 48' N and longitude 126° 30' to 127° 16' E. The average elevation in the county is 775 metres (2,543 ft),[1] though the county seat is only at 549.2 m (1,802 ft).

Jingyu has a monsoon-influenced, humid continental climate (Köppen Dwb), with long, bitterly cold winters, and short, warm and rainy summers. Spring and autumn are short with some rainfall. The monthly 24-hour average temperature in January is −17.0 °C (1.4 °F), and 21.0 °C (69.8 °F) in July, and the annual mean is +3.9 °C (39.0 °F). The mountainous location means that diurnal temperature variation is large, reaching 17 °C (31 °F) in winter, but precipitation is enhanced: the annual average is 779.5 millimetres (30.7 in), with more than 80% of it falling from May to September. The frost-free period lasts only 104 days.

Climate data for Jingyu (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1971–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
12.1
(53.8)
17.3
(63.1)
29.1
(84.4)
31.9
(89.4)
33.4
(92.1)
34.3
(93.7)
32.9
(91.2)
28.5
(83.3)
27.9
(82.2)
18.9
(66.0)
10.1
(50.2)
34.3
(93.7)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −7.7
(18.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
3.5
(38.3)
13.1
(55.6)
20.2
(68.4)
24.4
(75.9)
26.7
(80.1)
25.8
(78.4)
21.0
(69.8)
13.4
(56.1)
2.6
(36.7)
−5.7
(21.7)
11.2
(52.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −16.7
(1.9)
−12.0
(10.4)
−3.1
(26.4)
6.3
(43.3)
13.2
(55.8)
18.1
(64.6)
21.3
(70.3)
20.0
(68.0)
13.4
(56.1)
5.4
(41.7)
−4.1
(24.6)
−13.5
(7.7)
4.0
(39.2)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −24.2
(−11.6)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−9.7
(14.5)
−0.6
(30.9)
5.9
(42.6)
11.8
(53.2)
16.4
(61.5)
15.1
(59.2)
6.9
(44.4)
−1.3
(29.7)
−10.1
(13.8)
−20.4
(−4.7)
−2.5
(27.5)
Record low °C (°F) −41.9
(−43.4)
−40.0
(−40.0)
−31.4
(−24.5)
−16.0
(3.2)
−8.4
(16.9)
0.0
(32.0)
6.4
(43.5)
1.3
(34.3)
−6.5
(20.3)
−17.1
(1.2)
−32.5
(−26.5)
−38.8
(−37.8)
−41.9
(−43.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.8
(0.31)
12.8
(0.50)
24.1
(0.95)
40.0
(1.57)
81.4
(3.20)
120.4
(4.74)
191.8
(7.55)
175.0
(6.89)
58.6
(2.31)
38.5
(1.52)
30.4
(1.20)
13.3
(0.52)
794.1
(31.26)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9.7 8.1 9.9 10.1 13.8 16.3 16.2 15.4 9.8 10.0 10.9 11.2 141.4
Average snowy days 12.9 10.8 12.1 5.5 0.4 0 0 0 0.1 3.5 11.4 14.7 71.4
Average relative humidity (%) 69 65 62 57 63 74 81 83 78 69 71 71 70
Mean monthly sunshine hours 167.8 179.5 210.3 210.3 228.3 213.5 196.4 199.1 208.5 192.2 151.1 147.0 2,304
Percent possible sunshine 57 60 57 52 50 47 43 47 56 57 52 52 53
Source 1: China Meteorological Administration[3][4]
Source 2: Weather China[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c 靖宇 - 气象数据 -中国天气网 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 28 November 2022.
  2. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:靖宇县 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Archived from the original on 2012-12-08. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  3. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 July 2023.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 July 2023.