Shuangliao
双辽市
Shuangliao in Siping
Shuangliao in Siping
Shuangliao is located in Jilin
Shuangliao
Shuangliao
Location in Jilin
Coordinates: 43°31′06″N 123°30′10″E / 43.5183°N 123.5027°E / 43.5183; 123.5027
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceJilin
Prefecture-level citySiping
SeatZhengjiatun Subdistrict (郑家屯街道)
Area
 • County-level city3,121.3 km2 (1,205.1 sq mi)
 • Urban
149.20 km2 (57.61 sq mi)
Elevation
118 m (387 ft)
Population
 (2017)[1]
 • County-level city407,000
 • Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
 • Urban
128,600
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
136400
Area code0434

Shuangliao (simplified Chinese: 双辽; traditional Chinese: 雙遼; pinyin: Shuāngliáo) is a city in western Jilin, People's Republic of China, bordering Liaoning and Inner Mongolia. It is under the administration of Siping City and was previously the de jure capital of the defunct Liaobei Province.

Administrative divisions

[2] Subdistricts:

Towns:

Townships:

Geography and climate

Shuangliao is located at the confluence of the western and eastern branches of the Liao River as well as the Songliao Plain with the Horqin Grasslands (科尔沁草原). It borders Changtu County (Liaoning) and Lishu County to the south, Gongzhuling to the east, Changling County to the north, and the Horqin Left Middle and Left Back banners of Inner Mongolia. The administrative area reaches 89 km (55 mi) in north-south extent and 62 km (39 mi) in east-west width, covering an area of 3,121.2 km2 (1,205.1 sq mi).[3]

Shuangliao has a four-season, monsoon-influenced, humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa). Winters are long (lasting from November to March), cold, and windy, but dry, with a January 24-hour average temperature of −14.5 °C (5.9 °F). Spring and fall are somewhat short transitional periods, with some precipitation, but are usually dry and windy. Summers are hot and humid, with a July average of 23.7 °C (74.7 °F). Over two-thirds of the annual precipitation of 459.5 millimetres (18.1 in) occurs from June to August. The annual mean temperature is 6.5 °C (43.7 °F), while the frost-free period averages 145 days and annual sunshine duration lasts 2,714.9 hours.

Climate data for Shuangliao (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1971–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
16.8
(62.2)
21.6
(70.9)
32.5
(90.5)
36.0
(96.8)
39.1
(102.4)
36.0
(96.8)
36.8
(98.2)
33.6
(92.5)
27.7
(81.9)
20.4
(68.7)
11.3
(52.3)
39.1
(102.4)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −7.1
(19.2)
−1.6
(29.1)
6.3
(43.3)
16.1
(61.0)
23.4
(74.1)
27.7
(81.9)
29.1
(84.4)
27.9
(82.2)
23.4
(74.1)
15.0
(59.0)
3.5
(38.3)
−5.3
(22.5)
13.2
(55.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −14.2
(6.4)
−8.8
(16.2)
−0.3
(31.5)
9.3
(48.7)
16.9
(62.4)
21.8
(71.2)
24.1
(75.4)
22.5
(72.5)
16.3
(61.3)
8.0
(46.4)
−2.6
(27.3)
−11.6
(11.1)
6.8
(44.2)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −19.9
(−3.8)
−15.0
(5.0)
−6.5
(20.3)
2.5
(36.5)
10.3
(50.5)
16.2
(61.2)
19.6
(67.3)
17.7
(63.9)
9.9
(49.8)
1.8
(35.2)
−7.8
(18.0)
−17.0
(1.4)
1.0
(33.8)
Record low °C (°F) −38.8
(−37.8)
−33.6
(−28.5)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−9.9
(14.2)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.6
(38.5)
9.2
(48.6)
5.3
(41.5)
−2.8
(27.0)
−14.4
(6.1)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−34.5
(−30.1)
−38.8
(−37.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.4
(0.09)
2.5
(0.10)
8.6
(0.34)
15.3
(0.60)
46.1
(1.81)
80.1
(3.15)
115.4
(4.54)
112.0
(4.41)
36.7
(1.44)
21.3
(0.84)
9.5
(0.37)
3.8
(0.15)
453.7
(17.84)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.4 1.8 3.5 4.6 8.7 12.0 11.0 10.3 6.7 4.4 3.6 3.5 72.5
Average snowy days 4.0 3.2 4.1 1.5 0 0 0 0 0 0.9 3.6 5.2 22.5
Average relative humidity (%) 62 54 48 45 51 65 78 80 71 62 61 64 62
Mean monthly sunshine hours 215.9 222.9 264.7 259.4 278.6 258.1 233.7 238.4 241.0 228.5 192.5 195.4 2,829.1
Percent possible sunshine 74 75 71 64 61 56 50 56 65 68 67 71 65
Source 1: China Meteorological Administration[4][5]
Source 2: Weather China[3]

References

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 50. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. ^ 四平市-行政区划网. xzqh.org.
  3. ^ a b Weather China
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 July 2023.
  5. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 July 2023.