Fukang
阜康市 (Chinese)
فۇكاڭ شەھىرى (Uyghur)
فۋكاڭ قالاسى (Kazakh)
Central square in Fukang City
Central square in Fukang City
Location of Fukang (red) in Changji Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Location of Fukang (red) in Changji Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Fukang is located in Xinjiang
Fukang
Fukang
Location in Xinjiang
Fukang is located in China
Fukang
Fukang
Fukang (China)
Coordinates: 44°09′53″N 87°57′13″E / 44.1646°N 87.9536°E / 44.1646; 87.9536
CountryChina
Autonomous regionXinjiang
Autonomous prefectureChangji
Township-level divisions
  • 3 Subdistricts
  • 4 towns
  • 1 township
  • 2 ethnic townships
Municipal seatBofeng Subdistrict
Area
 • Total11,726 km2 (4,527 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total181,144
 • Density15/km2 (40/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard[a])
Websitewww.fk.gov.cn
Fukang
Chinese name
Chinese阜康
Uyghur name
Uyghurفۇكاڭ

Fukang[2] is a county-level city in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. Its area is 11,726 km2 (4,527 sq mi) and its population in 2007 was reported as approximately 1.5 million.[3] Fukang is located in Northern Xinjiang in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, north of Ürümqi.

History

As early as the Han and Tang dynasties, Fukang was an important stopover on the ancient Silk Road. The Qianlong Emperor of the Qing dynasty established it as a county in 1776. Its status was changed to a city in November 1992.[citation needed]

Subdivisions

Fukang is made up of 3 subdistricts, 4 towns, 1 township, and 2 ethnic townships.

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Uyghur (UEY) Uyghur Latin (ULY) Administrative division code Notes
Subdistricts
Bofeng Subdistrict 博峰街道 Bófēng Jiēdào بوفېڭ كوچا باشقارمىسى bofëng yoli kocha bashqarmisi 652302001
Fuxin Subdistrict 阜新街道 Fùxīn Jiēdào فۇشىن كوچا باشقارمىسى fushin yoli kocha bashqarmisi 652302002
Zhundong Subdistrict
(Eastern Dzungaria Subdistrict)
准东街道 Zhǔndōng Jiēdào شەرقىي جۇڭغار كوچا باشقارمىسى sherqiy jungghar kocha bashqarmisi 652302003
Towns
Ganhezi Town 甘河子镇 Gānhézǐ Zhèn گەنخېزا بازىرى genxëza baziri 652302100
Chengguan Town 城关镇 Chéngguān Zhèn چىڭگۈەن بازىرى chinggüen baziri 652302101
Jiuyunjie Town 九运街镇 Jiǔyùnjiē Zhèn جيۇيۇنگەي بازىرى jyuyungey baziri 652302102
Ziniquanzi Town 滋泥泉子镇 Zīníquánzǐ Zhèn زىنىچۈەنزى بازىرى zinichüenzi baziri 652302103
Township
Shuimogou Township 水磨沟乡 Shuǐmògōu Xiāng شۇيموگۇ يېزىسى shuymogu yëzisi 652302202
Ethnic townships
Shanghugou Kazakh Ethnic Township 上户沟哈萨克民族乡 Shànghùgōu Hāsàkè Mínzúxiāng شاڭخۇگۇ قازاق يېزىسى shangxugu qazaq yëzisi 652302201 (Kazakh)
شاڭحۋگۋ قازاق اۋىلى
Sangonghe Kazakh Ethnic Township 三工河哈萨克民族乡 Sāngōnghé Hāsàkè Mínzúxiāng سەنگۇڭخې قازاق يېزىسى sengungxë qazaq yëzisi 652302203 (Kazakh)
سانگۇڭحى قازاق اۋىلى

Climate

Climate data for Fukang (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
4.5
(40.1)
25.2
(77.4)
34.7
(94.5)
38.0
(100.4)
40.2
(104.4)
40.9
(105.6)
41.1
(106.0)
38.8
(101.8)
30.9
(87.6)
18.8
(65.8)
9.3
(48.7)
41.1
(106.0)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −11.8
(10.8)
−6.8
(19.8)
6.2
(43.2)
20.5
(68.9)
26.8
(80.2)
31.6
(88.9)
33.0
(91.4)
31.8
(89.2)
26.1
(79.0)
16.6
(61.9)
3.6
(38.5)
−8.4
(16.9)
14.1
(57.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −16.2
(2.8)
−11.5
(11.3)
0.8
(33.4)
13.1
(55.6)
19.3
(66.7)
24.5
(76.1)
25.9
(78.6)
24.0
(75.2)
17.8
(64.0)
8.9
(48.0)
−1.5
(29.3)
−12.5
(9.5)
7.7
(45.9)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −20.2
(−4.4)
−15.9
(3.4)
−4.0
(24.8)
6.5
(43.7)
12.2
(54.0)
17.8
(64.0)
19.3
(66.7)
17.0
(62.6)
10.8
(51.4)
3.3
(37.9)
−5.3
(22.5)
−16.0
(3.2)
2.1
(35.8)
Record low °C (°F) −32.8
(−27.0)
−32.9
(−27.2)
−28.4
(−19.1)
−7.9
(17.8)
−2.2
(28.0)
7.2
(45.0)
9.1
(48.4)
4.3
(39.7)
−1.9
(28.6)
−9.2
(15.4)
−28.1
(−18.6)
−34.4
(−29.9)
−34.4
(−29.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 6.9
(0.27)
7.7
(0.30)
12.0
(0.47)
27.0
(1.06)
32.4
(1.28)
22.7
(0.89)
31.0
(1.22)
27.3
(1.07)
14.9
(0.59)
19.7
(0.78)
16.1
(0.63)
11.5
(0.45)
229.2
(9.01)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.0 6.1 4.2 5.8 6.4 6.6 7.3 5.6 4.2 4.5 5.7 8.1 71.5
Average snowy days 13.6 10.9 5.4 1.4 0 0 0 0 0 0.9 6.2 13.6 52
Average relative humidity (%) 83 82 71 47 42 43 47 48 49 61 78 85 61
Mean monthly sunshine hours 79.2 117.8 217.7 267.4 312.2 311.1 314.9 306.0 276.3 233.3 132.2 67.2 2,635.3
Percent possible sunshine 27 39 58 65 68 67 68 72 75 70 47 24 57
Source: China Meteorological Administration[4][5]

Economy

In 2007, Fukang City's GDP was 4.822 billion yuan, 2.3 times that of 2002, an average annual increase of 17.6%. Per capita GDP reached 30,000 yuan, 2.1 times that of 2002, an average annual increase of 16.5%.[citation needed]

Fukang's economy relies primarily on heavy industry, agriculture and tourism.[3]

Among the tourist attractions in the area are Bogda Peak and the Heavenly Lake of Tianshan.

Bogeda Biosphere Reserve, in the east part of the Tianshan Mountains, was designated a member of UNESCO's Man and Biosphere reserve in 1990.[6]

Irrigated agriculture in the Fukang is enabled by streams flowing from the Tian Shan mountains, as well as by the eastern branch of the Irtysh–Karamay–Ürümqi Canal, which crosses the Gurbantünggüt Desert, bringing to Fukang water from the Irtysh River.

Transport

Special facts

Further information: Fukang (meteorite)

In 2000 a 925 "gemstone meteorite", a pallasite meteorite known as Fukang meteorite, was found near Fukang. It is considered a large and a rare of meteorite. In 2008 the main mass was offered for sale at Bonhams for a value of US $2 million. However the lot remained unsold.[7]

Notes

  1. ^ Locals in Xinjiang frequently observe UTC+6 (Xinjiang Time), 2 hours behind Beijing.

References

  1. ^ Xinjiang: Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties
  2. ^ "فۇكاڭ: China". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  3. ^ a b "Fukang Overview". Fukang Government. Archived from the original on 2011-07-07. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  5. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  6. ^ "Biosphere Reserve Information, China, BOGEDA". UNESCO Ecological Sciences for Sustainable Development. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  7. ^ Fukang Meteorite Auction Bonhams