Hejing County
和静县 (Chinese)
خېجىڭ ناھىيىسى (Uyghur)
ᠾᠧᠵᠢᠩ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ (Mongolian)
Hejing County (red) within Bayingolin Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Hejing County (red) within Bayingolin Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Hejing is located in Bayingolin
Hejing
Hejing
Location of the seat in Xinjiang
Hejing is located in Xinjiang
Hejing
Hejing
Hejing (Xinjiang)
Hejing is located in China
Hejing
Hejing
Hejing (China)
Coordinates: 42°18′59″N 86°22′58″E / 42.31639°N 86.38278°E / 42.31639; 86.38278
CountryChina
Autonomous regionXinjiang
Autonomous prefectureBayingolin
County seatHejing Town
Area
 • Total34,978.89 km2 (13,505.42 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total147,859
 • Density4.2/km2 (11/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard[a])
Websitewww.xjhj.gov.cn
Hejing County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese和静县
Traditional Chinese和靜縣
Mongolian name
Mongolian CyrillicХэжин шянь
Mongolian scriptᠾᠧᠵᠢᠩ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ
Uyghur name
Uyghurخېجىڭ ناھىيىسى

Hejing County is located in the central-southern part of the Tian Shan mountains of Xinjiang, in the north-west of Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture. The northernmost county-level division of Bayingolin, it borders Ürümqi City to the north, from which it is 190 km (120 mi) as the crow flies, and Korla City (the prefectural capital) to the south, which is 80 km (50 mi) away. It borders 15 cities and counties and is the most bordered county in the world.[citation needed]

Demographics

Map including northern part of the county (ATC, 1971)

The population of Hejing County is about 190,000 as of 2010, and the county is home to 29 different ethnic groups including Mongol, Han, Uyghur and Hui.

The proportion of nationalities in Hejing County, 2018
Nationality Percentage
Han People
49.1%
Uyghurs
28.4%
Mongols
16.8%
Hui People
3.8%
Kazakhs
0.6%
Others
1.3%
Source of the population statistics :[2]

Climate

Climate data for Hejing (1991–2020 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
3.3
(37.9)
12.8
(55.0)
21.3
(70.3)
26.2
(79.2)
29.7
(85.5)
31.2
(88.2)
30.3
(86.5)
25.7
(78.3)
17.9
(64.2)
7.6
(45.7)
−2.0
(28.4)
16.7
(62.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −10.7
(12.7)
−3.8
(25.2)
5.6
(42.1)
14.0
(57.2)
19.2
(66.6)
23.1
(73.6)
24.5
(76.1)
23.2
(73.8)
18.0
(64.4)
9.7
(49.5)
0.7
(33.3)
−7.7
(18.1)
9.7
(49.4)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −15.9
(3.4)
−10.0
(14.0)
−1.4
(29.5)
6.6
(43.9)
12.0
(53.6)
16.2
(61.2)
17.7
(63.9)
16.4
(61.5)
10.8
(51.4)
3.0
(37.4)
−4.5
(23.9)
−12.0
(10.4)
3.2
(37.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.7
(0.07)
1.6
(0.06)
2.0
(0.08)
4.1
(0.16)
7.7
(0.30)
16.5
(0.65)
18.6
(0.73)
11.7
(0.46)
5.6
(0.22)
2.4
(0.09)
2.5
(0.10)
1.8
(0.07)
76.2
(2.99)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.2 1.3 0.6 1.4 3.2 5.1 6.6 4.8 2.6 1.0 0.7 1.9 31.4
Average snowy days 7.6 1.9 0.5 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.8 7.5 18.7
Average relative humidity (%) 73 60 41 35 37 44 48 49 50 56 67 75 53
Mean monthly sunshine hours 161.5 194.0 247.7 269.1 301.3 281.9 287.0 282.7 276.4 258.5 196.8 139.8 2,896.7
Percent possible sunshine 55 64 66 66 66 62 63 67 75 77 68 50 65
Source: China Meteorological Administration[3][4]
Climate data for Baluntaizhen, Hejing County (elevation 1,732 m (5,682 ft), 1995–2020 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −1.1
(30.0)
3.6
(38.5)
10.3
(50.5)
17.1
(62.8)
21.5
(70.7)
24.9
(76.8)
26.5
(79.7)
25.9
(78.6)
21.6
(70.9)
15.1
(59.2)
7.1
(44.8)
0.1
(32.2)
14.4
(57.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −8.7
(16.3)
−4.2
(24.4)
2.8
(37.0)
9.9
(49.8)
14.6
(58.3)
17.9
(64.2)
19.3
(66.7)
18.5
(65.3)
14.2
(57.6)
7.4
(45.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
−7.0
(19.4)
7.0
(44.7)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −13.5
(7.7)
−9.9
(14.2)
−3.4
(25.9)
3.8
(38.8)
8.5
(47.3)
12.1
(53.8)
13.4
(56.1)
12.4
(54.3)
8.0
(46.4)
1.5
(34.7)
−5.0
(23.0)
−11.3
(11.7)
1.4
(34.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.8
(0.03)
0.7
(0.03)
1.9
(0.07)
10.7
(0.42)
24.4
(0.96)
58.0
(2.28)
67.6
(2.66)
50.1
(1.97)
19.5
(0.77)
4.1
(0.16)
1.1
(0.04)
0.5
(0.02)
239.4
(9.41)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 0.6 1.0 1.0 3.1 6.4 10.9 12.6 10.0 5.4 1.8 0.7 0.6 54.1
Average snowy days 1.4 1.7 1.4 1.4 0.8 0.1 0 0 0.1 0.7 1.4 1.3 10.3
Average relative humidity (%) 46 40 33 35 38 46 50 50 46 43 43 48 43
Mean monthly sunshine hours 127.6 144.9 203.4 228.8 247.8 228.3 235.6 227.6 198.3 166.9 134.4 111.1 2,254.7
Percent possible sunshine 43 48 54 56 54 50 51 54 54 50 47 40 50
Source: China Meteorological Administration[3][5]

Economy

Agriculture dominates the county's economy. Paprika and tomatoes are grown in abundance, the crops nourished by waters from the melting of snow in local mountains.[6]

India-based spice company Synthite Industrial Chemicals established a processing facility in the county in 2012 with the support of the local government which cleared out of a 1,000 square foot office to provide office space and complementary electricity and communications for the company.[7] Synthite had decided to open its first overseas production facility after becoming frustrated with the low grade variety of paprika available in India despite attempts to encourage Indian farmers to grow higher quality crops.[6] The facility process 300,000 tons of paprika per year and employs 60 Chinese employees and three Indian employees. As of 2014 the company had expansion plans and intended to go into the cultivation of lavender and tomatoes, creating what it called a "major export hub".[6]

Administrative divisions

Hejing County includes 8 towns and 4 townships.

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Uyghur (UEY) Uyghur Latin (ULY) Mongolian (traditional) Mongolian (Cyrillic) Administrative division code
Towns
Hejing Town 和静镇 Héjìng Zhèn خېجىڭ بازىرى xëjing baziri ᠾᠧᠵᠢᠩ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Гежин балгас 652827100
Balgantai Town 巴伦台镇 Bālúntái Zhèn بالغۇنتاي بازىرى balghuntay baziri ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠨᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Балгаантай балгас 652827101
Barun Harmodon Town 巴润哈尔莫敦镇 Bārùnhā'ěrmòdūn Zhèn بارۇن خارمودۇن بازىرى barun xarmodun baziri ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠮᠣᠳᠣᠨ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Баруун харамтон балгас 652827102
Harmodon Town 哈尔莫敦镇 Hā'ěrmòdūn Zhèn خارمودۇن بازىرى xarmodun baziri ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠮᠣᠳᠣᠨ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Харамтон балгас 652827103
Bayanbulag Town 巴音布鲁克镇 Bāyīnbùlǔkè Zhèn بايىنبۇلاق بازىرى bayinbulaq baziri ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨᠪᠤᠯᠠᠭ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Баянбулаг балгас 652827104
Gonggos Town 巩乃斯镇 Gǒngnǎisī Zhèn كۈنەس بازىرى
(كۆڭگۆسىنغول بازىرى)
künes baziri
(könggösinghol baziri)
ᠭᠥᠩᠭᠥᠰ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Гүнгүс балгас 652827105
Naimanmodon Town 乃门莫敦镇 Nǎiménmòdūn Zhèn نەمىنمودۇن بازىرى neminmodun baziri ᠨᠠᠢᠮᠠᠨᠮᠣᠳᠣᠨ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Наймаамтон балгас 652827106
Xelmir Buh Town 协比乃尔布呼镇 Xiébǐnǎi'ěrbùhū Zhèn شەلمىربۇخ بازىرى shelmirbux baziri ᠱᠠᠪᠢᠨᠠᠷᠪᠤᠬᠤ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Шавинарваху балгас 652827107
Townships
Kirghut Township 克尔古提乡 Kè'ěrgǔtí Xiāng كىرغۇت يېزىسى kirghut yëzisi ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠭᠦᠲᠦ ᠰᠤᠮᠤᠨ Хэрүүт суман 652827203
Algu Township 阿拉沟乡 Ālāgōu Xiāng ئالغۇ يېزىسى Alghu yëzisi ᠠᠯᠭᠤᠤ ᠰᠤᠮᠤᠨ Алгуу суман 652827204
Elzet Ul Township 额勒再特乌鲁乡 Élèzàitèwūlǔ Xiāng گۈلجېت ئۇل يېزىسى güljët Ul yëzisi ᠥᠯᠵᠡᠢᠲᠦᠠ᠋ᠭᠤᠯᠠ ᠰᠤᠮᠤᠨ Өлзийтногоол суман 652827205
Bayingolin Township
(Bayan Gol Township)
巴音郭楞乡 Bāyīnguōléng Xiāng بايانغول يېزىسى bayanghol yëzisi ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠰᠤᠮᠤᠨ Баянгол суман 652827206

Other:

Transport

Hejing is served by the Southern Xinjiang Railway.

Notes

  1. ^ Locals in Xinjiang frequently observe UTC+6 (Xinjiang Time), 2 hours behind Beijing.

References

  1. ^ Xinjiang: Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties
  2. ^ 3-7 各地、州、市、县(市)分民族人口数 [3-7 Population by Nationality by Prefecture, State, City and County (City)]. tjj.xinjiang.gov.cn (in Chinese). Statistical Bureau of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. 2020-06-10. Archived from the original on 2020-11-01. Retrieved 2021-06-11.
  3. ^ a b 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  5. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  6. ^ a b c Bansal, Rashmi (2014). Take Me Home. Westland Ltd. ISBN 9789383260805.
  7. ^ "Spice Man". Outlook Business. July 20, 2013.