Huocheng County
霍城县
قورغاس ناھىيىسى
Location of Huocheng County (pink) in Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang (light grey)
Coordinates: 44°00′36″N 80°48′28″E / 44.01000°N 80.80778°E / 44.01000; 80.80778Coordinates: 44°00′36″N 80°48′28″E / 44.01000°N 80.80778°E / 44.01000; 80.80778
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionXinjiang
Autonomous prefectureIli Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture
Township-level divisions5 towns
3 townships
2 ethnic townships
County seatShuiding (水定镇)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Huocheng County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese霍城县
Traditional Chinese霍城縣
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese霍尔果斯县
Uyghur name
Uyghurقورغاس ناھىيىسى

Huocheng County (Chinese: 霍城县) as the official romanized name, also transliterated from Uyghur as Korgas County (Uighur: قورغاس ناھىيىسى; Chinese: 霍尔果斯县), is situated within the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and under the administration of the Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture. It is located between Yining and the border city Khorgas, occupying an area of 5,466 km2 (2,110 sq mi) and has a population of 360,000 (2004 estimate). Including the Han and Uyghur nationalities, there are twenty nine ethnic groups living in the county.

North of Huocheng County is Wenquan County; to the south lies the Ili River. Its Western side is Khorgas City; Yining lies about 45 km (28 mi) to the east.

History

Within Huocheng County lies the important ruined site of ancient Almaliq. The mausoleum of the first khan of Moghulistan Tughlugh Timur is within the county as well.

In the 1760s, nine fortresses were built in the Ili River Basin and four of them were located within the modern Huocheng County. Huiyuan was the headquarter of the General of Ili and as such it was the military and administrative center of Xinjiang until the 1860s.

Suiding County (绥定县) was established in 1888 with Suiding as county seat. In 1914, the western area of Shuiding County was organized into Khorgas County, later abbreviated to Huocheng County, with Gongchen (Khorgas) as county seat. In 1965 Suiding was renamed Shuiding. In 1966, Shuiding County merged into Huocheng County with Shuiding as the county seat of the new Huocheng County. In 2014, Khorgas became a county-level city separate from Huocheng County.

Administrative divisions

Tughlugh Timur Mausoleum (zh), some 30 km northwest of the county seat
Tughlugh Timur Mausoleum (zh), some 30 km northwest of the county seat

The county includes five towns and four townships.

Towns:

Townships:

There are 5 towns in Huocheng County, which are as follows:

N Uyghur Name Uyghur latin alphabet Name English name Chinese name Number of communities Population (thousand) Land area (km2)
1 سۈيدۈڭ بازىرى Süydüng Baziri Suydung Town 水定镇 13 3 14.9
2 چىڭسىخوزا بازىرى Chingsixoza Baziri Qingshuihe Town 清水河镇 15 46.7 185.2
3 لۇسىگۇڭ بازىرى Lusigung Baziri Lucaogou Town 芦草沟镇 11 35.4 346
4 كۈرە بازىرى Küre Baziri Kure Town 惠远镇 4 21.4 138.6
5 ساربۇلاق بازىرى Sarbulaq Baziri Sarbulaq Town 萨尔布拉克镇 11 28.2 431.7

There are 4 Township in Huocheng County, which are as follows:

N Uyghur Name Uyghur latin alphabet Name English name Chinese name Number of communities Population (thousand) Land area (km2)
1 لەڭگەر يېزىسى Lengger Yézisi Lengger Township 兰干乡 10 31.1 246
2 سەندوخوزا يېزىسى Sendoxoza Yézisi Sandaohe Township 三道河乡 3 9.3 78.7
3 داشىگۇ يېزىسى Dashigu Yézisi Daxigou Township 大西沟乡 7 10.8 252.7
4 سەنگۇڭ خۇيزۇ يېزىسى Sengung Xuyzu Yézisi Sangong Hui Township 三宫回族乡 5 15 126.9

Economy

In agriculture, the local population cultivate wheat, corn and other crops including sugar beet, cotton, tobacco, apples, animal husbandry with cattle and sheep.

The main minerals extracted in the area include coal, phosphorus, iron, gold, silver, copper, limestone, Iceland spar and marble, etc.

Transport

Huocheng is served by China National Highway 312 and the Jinghe-Yining-Khorgas Railway.

There is a border crossing into Kazakhstan at Khorgas, where the road continues to Zharkent in Panfilov District.

The Jinghe–Yining–Khorgas Railway through Huocheng county was completed in 2010, reaching practically to the Kazakhstan border. There are plans to construct a connecting railway line on the Kazakh side, creating China's second railway link to Central Asia besides Alashankou.[1]

References

  1. ^ 中国2010年将建成第二条通往中亚铁路_星岛环球网.