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Hutubi County
呼图壁县 (Chinese)
قۇتۇبى ناھىيىسى (Uyghur)
Kutubi
Location of Hutubi County (pink) in Changji Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang (light grey)
Location of Hutubi County (pink) in Changji Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang (light grey)
Hutubi is located in Dzungaria
Hutubi
Hutubi
Hutubi is located in Xinjiang
Hutubi
Hutubi
Hutubi is located in China
Hutubi
Hutubi
Coordinates: 44°8.627′N 86°56.91284′E / 44.143783°N 86.94854733°E / 44.143783; 86.94854733
CountryChina
Autonomous regionXinjiang
Autonomous prefectureChangji
County seatHutubi Town
Area
 • Total9,517.53 km2 (3,674.74 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total192,638
 • Density20/km2 (52/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard[a])
Websitewww.htb.gov.cn
Hutubi County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese呼图壁县
Traditional Chinese呼圖壁縣
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese景化县
Traditional Chinese景化縣
Uyghur name
Uyghurقۇتۇبى ناھىيىسى

Hutubi County as the official romanized name, also transliterated from Uyghur as Kutubi County, is a county in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and is under the administration of the Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture. It contains an area of 9,476 km2. According to the 2002 census, it has a population of 210,000.

Hutubi is 61.7 km (38.3 mi) by road north-west of Urumchi, the capital of Xinjiang.[2]

Subdivisions

Hutubi County is made up of 6 towns and 1 ethnic township.

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Uyghur (UEY) Uyghur Latin (ULY) Administrative division code Notes
Towns
Hutubi Town
(Kutubi Town)
呼图壁镇 Hūtúbì Zhèn قۇتۇبى بازىرى qutubi baziri 652323100
Dafeng Town 大丰镇 Dàfēng Zhèn دافېڭ بازىرى dafëng baziri 652323101
Que'ergou Town 雀尔沟镇 Què'ěrgōu Zhèn چۇرگۇل بازىرى churgul baziri 652323102
Ershilidian Town 二十里店镇 Èrshílǐdiàn Zhèn ئەرشىلىدەن بازىرى Ershiliden baziri 652323103
Yuanhucun Town 园户村镇 Yuánhùcūn Zhèn يۈەنخۇسۇن بازىرى yüenxusun baziri 652323104
Wugongtai Town 五工台镇 Wǔgōngtái Zhèn ۋۇگۇڭتەي بازىرى wugungtey baziri 652323105
Ethnic Township
Shitizi Kazakh Ethnic Township 石梯子哈萨克民族乡 Shítīzǐ Hāsàkè Mínzúxiāng تاشپەلەمپەي قازاق يېزىسى tashpelempey qazaq yëzisi 652323201 (Kazakh)
شىتيزى قازاق اۋىلى

Climate

Climate data for Hutubi, elevation 575 m (1,886 ft), (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.1
(50.2)
4.9
(40.8)
24.0
(75.2)
35.4
(95.7)
37.5
(99.5)
40.2
(104.4)
40.7
(105.3)
40.2
(104.4)
37.7
(99.9)
32.0
(89.6)
18.6
(65.5)
9.0
(48.2)
40.7
(105.3)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −10.5
(13.1)
−5.9
(21.4)
5.9
(42.6)
20.1
(68.2)
26.5
(79.7)
31.3
(88.3)
32.6
(90.7)
31.3
(88.3)
25.5
(77.9)
16.0
(60.8)
3.5
(38.3)
−7.4
(18.7)
14.1
(57.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −16.3
(2.7)
−11.4
(11.5)
0.6
(33.1)
13.0
(55.4)
19.5
(67.1)
24.7
(76.5)
25.9
(78.6)
24.1
(75.4)
18.0
(64.4)
9.1
(48.4)
−1.3
(29.7)
−12.2
(10.0)
7.8
(46.1)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −21.3
(−6.3)
−16.6
(2.1)
−4.2
(24.4)
6.6
(43.9)
12.9
(55.2)
18.1
(64.6)
19.6
(67.3)
17.6
(63.7)
11.3
(52.3)
3.5
(38.3)
−5.4
(22.3)
−16.4
(2.5)
2.1
(35.9)
Record low °C (°F) −35.2
(−31.4)
−35.8
(−32.4)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−9.2
(15.4)
−1.7
(28.9)
7.0
(44.6)
10.0
(50.0)
5.0
(41.0)
−2.8
(27.0)
−9.1
(15.6)
−30.9
(−23.6)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−36.7
(−34.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.6
(0.30)
8.4
(0.33)
11.9
(0.47)
23.3
(0.92)
25.4
(1.00)
19.5
(0.77)
23.1
(0.91)
19.3
(0.76)
12.5
(0.49)
14.1
(0.56)
15.7
(0.62)
12.7
(0.50)
193.5
(7.63)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.0 5.4 4.5 5.8 7.1 6.7 6.7 6.1 3.9 4.8 5.9 7.1 71
Average snowy days 13.8 11.9 5.4 1.6 0 0 0 0 0 1.1 6.9 14.2 54.9
Average relative humidity (%) 82 81 72 48 41 40 45 46 47 59 77 84 60
Mean monthly sunshine hours 134.5 153.7 227.9 272.8 315.7 314.3 320.9 312.9 280.1 239.6 150.8 110.7 2,833.9
Percent possible sunshine 46 51 61 67 69 68 69 74 76 72 53 40 62
Source: China Meteorological Administration[3][4]

Transport

Hutubi is served by China National Highway 312, the Northern Xinjiang and the Second Ürümqi–Jinghe Railways.

Petroglyphs

Petroglyphs were recorded in Qutubi County at Kangjiashimenzi (Chinese: 康家石门子; pinyin: Kāngjiāshíménzi) and are interpreted as representing male fertility worship. This is because in the two depictions of copulation, the males have faces on their chests, suggesting that the petroglyph's creators believed that males were the source of children. The alleged superiority of the petroglyph's male subjects was the basis for the researcher's conclusion that they were created after 1500 BCE, when it is believed that matriarchal societies were replaced by patriarchies.[5]

Footnotes

  1. ^ Locals in Xinjiang frequently observe UTC+6 (Xinjiang Time), 2 hours behind Beijing.
  1. ^ Xinjiang: Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties
  2. ^ http://disween.com/urumqi-13-cn/hutubi-13-cn
  3. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  4. ^ "Experience Template" 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  5. ^ Wang Binghua (王炳华) (1992). 新疆呼圖壁生殖崇拜巖畫 [The rock-art of fertility worship at Hutubi, Xinjiang]. Beijing: Beijing Yanshan Press. p. 54.