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Altay
阿勒泰市
ئالتاي شەھىرى
التاي قالاسى
冬天的181团主街道 - panoramio.jpg
Location of Altay
Altay is located in Dzungaria
Altay
Altay
Location of the city center in Xinjiang
Coordinates (Altay City government): 47°49′37″N 88°07′55″E / 47.827°N 88.132°E / 47.827; 88.132Coordinates: 47°49′37″N 88°07′55″E / 47.827°N 88.132°E / 47.827; 88.132
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionXinjiang
PrefectureAltay
Area
 • County-level city11,400 km2 (4,400 sq mi)
Elevation
887 m (2,910 ft)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • County-level city199,037
 • Density17/km2 (45/sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2016)[1]
114,995
 • Rural
 (2016)[1]
83,945
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
836500
Area code0906
GDP (Nominal)2016[1]
 - Total¥6.483 billion
$1.007 billion
 - per capita¥32.574
$5.060
WebsiteAltay City Government Website
Altay City
Chinese name
Chinese阿勒泰
Alternative Chinese name
Chinese承化
Uyghur name
Uyghurئالتاي
Kazakh name
Kazakhالتاي قالاسى
Altaı
Алтай

Altay is a county-level city in Altay Prefecture within Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture, in far Northern Xinjiang, China. The city centre is located on the slopes of Kelan River.

Administrative divisions

Subdistricts (街道)

Town ()

Township ()

Ethnic Township

Others

Climate

Altay has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with an annual precipitation total of only 213 mm (8.4 in). Winters are long, bitterly cold and dry, with a January 24-hour average of −15.3 °C (4.5 °F); however, the presence of the Altay Mountains to the north helps moderate the severity of winter cold as compared to locations further to the east. Spring and autumn are short but mild. Summers are very warm, but dry, with a July 24-hour average of 21.7 °C (71.1 °F). The annual mean is 4.75 °C (40.5 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 50% in December to 74% in August and September, sunshine is abundant and the city receives 2,993 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Altay City (1981−2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −9.1
(15.6)
−6.1
(21.0)
1.4
(34.5)
14.1
(57.4)
21.9
(71.4)
26.6
(79.9)
28.2
(82.8)
26.9
(80.4)
21.2
(70.2)
12.4
(54.3)
1.3
(34.3)
−7.0
(19.4)
11.0
(51.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −15.3
(4.5)
−12.7
(9.1)
−4.5
(23.9)
7.9
(46.2)
15.6
(60.1)
20.2
(68.4)
21.7
(71.1)
20.1
(68.2)
14.3
(57.7)
6.3
(43.3)
−4.0
(24.8)
−12.6
(9.3)
4.7
(40.6)
Average low °C (°F) −20.4
(−4.7)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−9.8
(14.4)
2.2
(36.0)
9.1
(48.4)
13.3
(55.9)
15.0
(59.0)
13.3
(55.9)
7.8
(46.0)
1.3
(34.3)
−8.3
(17.1)
−17.5
(0.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 17.8
(0.70)
9.4
(0.37)
10.4
(0.41)
14.2
(0.56)
18.5
(0.73)
16.3
(0.64)
28.0
(1.10)
20.4
(0.80)
14.0
(0.55)
16.1
(0.63)
25.1
(0.99)
22.4
(0.88)
212.6
(8.36)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.4 6.7 5.8 5.8 6.6 6.8 7.9 6.5 6.0 5.9 8.5 9.9 83.8
Average relative humidity (%) 73 73 69 49 43 49 55 52 50 55 69 74 59
Mean monthly sunshine hours 163.6 182.4 247.7 281.9 325.4 338.2 343.5 326.6 278.6 220.8 153.5 131.1 2,993.3
Percent possible sunshine 60 64 68 69 70 71 71 74 74 66 55 50 68
Source: China Meteorological Administration (precipitation days and sunshine 1971–2000)[2][3]
Map of Altay (labeled as CH'ENG-HUA) and surrounding region from the International Map of the World (1961)
Map of Altay (labeled as CH'ENG-HUA) and surrounding region from the International Map of the World (1961)


Demographics

The proportion of nationalities in Altay City, 2018
Nationality Percentage
Han People
57.7%
Kazakhs
34.5%
Hui People
3.1%
Uyghurs
2.1%
Mongols
1.2%
Others
1.4%
Source of the population statistics :[4]


Transport

From Ürümqi (capital of Xinjiang Province) to Altay, it takes about one hour by plane, 9 hours by day bus, 12 hours by night bus and about 14 hours by train (towards Beitun City).

Culture

Like other cities in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, there are many minorities in Altay, in particular Uyghurs and Kazakhs.

The Dundbulag rock carvings (敦德布拉克岩画) in the Handagait Mongol Township [zh; sv] (A.K.A. Handagaitu, Handgait; tyv. Handagaity; uyg. Handigati; cmn. Handegate) under this city is an earliest evidence of ski. The term Mongol here partially refers to ethnic Tuvans of Mongol nation under Chinese designation.

Education

In schools, students are taught mainly in Chinese (Mandarin) and there are courses for Uyghur and Kazakh languages.

Tourism

The most important tourist site is Kanas Lake where there is a legend of a large creature.

Economy

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (February 2013)

People

References

  1. ^ a b c d "2016 Altay City National Economic and Social Development Statistical Communique". Retrieved 17 June 2018.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  3. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
  4. ^ 3-7 各地、州、市、县(市)分民族人口数 [3-7 Population by Nationality by Prefecture, State, City and County (City)]. tjj.xinjiang.gov.cn (in Chinese). Statistical Bureau of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. 2020-06-10. Archived from the original on 2020-11-01. Retrieved 2021-06-11.