Yanqi Hui Autonomous County
焉耆回族自治县 (Chinese)
يەنجى خۇيزۇ ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى (Uyghur)
Kara Shahr, Yenki, Qarasheher, Karashahr
Mosque in the city center of Yanqi
Mosque in the city center of Yanqi
Yanqi County (red) within Bayin'gholin Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Yanqi County (red) within Bayin'gholin Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Yanqi is located in Bayingolin
Yanqi
Yanqi
Location of the seat in Xinjiang
Yanqi is located in Xinjiang
Yanqi
Yanqi
Yanqi (Xinjiang)
Yanqi is located in China
Yanqi
Yanqi
Yanqi (China)
Coordinates: 42°03′35″N 86°34′27″E / 42.0598°N 86.5741°E / 42.0598; 86.5741
CountryChina
Autonomous regionXinjiang
Autonomous prefectureBayin'gholin
County seatKarasahr (Yanqi)
Area
 • Total2,429.2 km2 (937.9 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total122,961
 • Density51/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard[a])
Websitewww.xjyq.gov.cn
Yanqi Hui Autonomous County
Kaidu River (开都河), ancient name Liusha River (流沙河), in the seat of Yanqi
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese焉耆回族自治县
Traditional Chinese焉耆回族自治縣
Uyghur name
Uyghurيەنجى خۇيزۇ ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى

Yanqi Hui Autonomous County (Uyghur: Qarasheher, Karashahr) is an autonomous county in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and is under the administration of the Bayin'gholin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture. It has an area of 2,429 km2 (938 sq mi). According to the 2002 census, it has a population of 120,000. The Shikshin Buddhist Temple Ruins are located in Yanqi County, about 25–30 km (16–19 mi) southwest of the town of Yanqi.

Administrative division

The Yanqi Hui Autonomous County is made up of 4 towns and 4 townships:[2]

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Uyghur (UEY) Uyghur Latin (ULY) Mongolian (traditional) Mongolian (Cyrillic) Administrative division code
Towns
Karasahr Town
(Yanqi Town)
焉耆镇 Yānqí Zhèn قاراشەھەر بازىرى qarasheher baziri ᠶᠠᠨᠵᠢ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Яанж балгас 652826100
Xigxin Town
(Shikshin Town, Qigxin Town)
七个星镇 Qīgèxīng Zhèn شىگشىن بازىرى shigshin baziri 652826101
Yongning Town 永宁镇 Yǒngníng Zhèn يۇڭنىڭ بازىرى yungning baziri 652826102
Denzil Town
(Sishilichengzi Town)
四十里城子镇 Sìshílǐchéngzǐ Zhèn دەنزىل بازىرى denzil baziri 652826103
Townships
Beidaqu Township 北大渠乡 Běidàqú Xiāng بېيداچۈ يېزىسى bëydachü yëzisi 652826200
Wuhaoqu Township 五号渠乡 Wǔhàoqú Xiāng ۋۇخاۋچۈ يېزىسى wuxawchü yëzisi 652826201
Qagan Qehe Township 查汗采开乡 Cháhàncǎikāi Xiāng چاغانچېكە يېزىسى chaghanchëke yëzisi 652826203
Borhoi Township 包尔海乡 Bāo'ěrhǎi Xiāng بورقاي يېزىسى borqay yëzisi 652826204

Others:

Demographics

The proportion of nationalities in Yanqi Hui Autonomous County, 2018
Nationality Percentage
Han People
37.5%
Uyghurs
35.0%
Hui People
24.3%
Mongols
2.3%
Others
0.9%
Source of the population statistics :[3]

History

See Karasahr.

Climate

Climate data for Yanqi (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.8
(44.2)
12.6
(54.7)
24.1
(75.4)
33.6
(92.5)
34.9
(94.8)
36.1
(97.0)
38.8
(101.8)
38.8
(101.8)
34.6
(94.3)
28.3
(82.9)
18.5
(65.3)
7.4
(45.3)
38.8
(101.8)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −4.3
(24.3)
3.4
(38.1)
12.9
(55.2)
21.4
(70.5)
26.3
(79.3)
29.6
(85.3)
31.1
(88.0)
30.3
(86.5)
25.8
(78.4)
18.1
(64.6)
7.8
(46.0)
−2.1
(28.2)
16.7
(62.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −11.1
(12.0)
−4.3
(24.3)
4.9
(40.8)
13.4
(56.1)
18.7
(65.7)
22.4
(72.3)
23.6
(74.5)
22.3
(72.1)
17.3
(63.1)
9.4
(48.9)
0.8
(33.4)
−7.4
(18.7)
9.2
(48.5)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −16.4
(2.5)
−11.0
(12.2)
−2.5
(27.5)
5.5
(41.9)
11.1
(52.0)
15.2
(59.4)
16.6
(61.9)
15.2
(59.4)
9.7
(49.5)
2.4
(36.3)
−4.4
(24.1)
−11.7
(10.9)
2.5
(36.5)
Record low °C (°F) −26.8
(−16.2)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−16.4
(2.5)
−4.4
(24.1)
−0.9
(30.4)
4.7
(40.5)
7.2
(45.0)
6.0
(42.8)
0.1
(32.2)
−6.4
(20.5)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−25.9
(−14.6)
−26.8
(−16.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.6
(0.06)
2.3
(0.09)
1.9
(0.07)
5.4
(0.21)
12.1
(0.48)
14.3
(0.56)
16.6
(0.65)
13.4
(0.53)
6.5
(0.26)
4.0
(0.16)
1.2
(0.05)
1.8
(0.07)
81.1
(3.19)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.9 1.5 0.7 1.2 2.6 4.7 6.8 4.5 2.8 1.4 0.7 2.9 32.7
Average snowy days 8.9 2.6 0.4 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.9 8.5 22
Average relative humidity (%) 76 63 47 40 42 49 55 56 57 61 70 77 58
Mean monthly sunshine hours 161.7 194.8 250.9 270.7 307.4 293.8 299.3 295.5 286.2 264.3 202.4 130.4 2,957.4
Percent possible sunshine 54 64 67 67 68 65 66 70 78 79 70 46 66
Source: China Meteorological Administration[4][5]

Economy

The county economy is predominantly agricultural with 13,000 hectares used to cultivate red pepper.[6] The county is considered the most important area for red pepper production in China.[6] During the red pepper harvest season beginning in September, the county is home to the remarkable sight of drying peppers sitting in the Gobi Desert "as far as the eye can see".[6]

As of 1885, there was about 25,300 acres (167,805 mu) of cultivated land in Kara Shahr.[7]

Notes

  1. ^ Locals in Xinjiang frequently observe UTC+6 (Xinjiang Time), 2 hours behind Beijing.

References

  1. ^ Xinjiang: Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties
  2. ^ 2022年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:焉耆回族自治县. National Bureau of Statistics of China.
  3. ^ 3-7 各地、州、市、县(市)分民族人口数 [3-7 Population by Nationality by Prefecture, State, City and County (City)]. tjj.xinjiang.gov.cn (in Chinese). Statistical Bureau of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. 2020-06-10. Archived from the original on 2020-11-01. Retrieved 2021-06-11.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  5. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  6. ^ a b c "Yanqi Hui county starts 13000 hectare red pepper bumper harvest". China News Xinjiang. September 19, 2017.
  7. ^ Herold J. Wiens (November 1966). "Cultivation Development and Expansion in China's Colonial Realm in Central Asia". The Journal of Asian Studies. 26 (1): 75. doi:10.2307/2051832. JSTOR 2051832. S2CID 162339064.